Intel HD Graphics 4000

Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays).

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

ManufacturerIntel
HD Graphics Series

HD Graphics 4600

20 @ 200 - 1350MHz? Bit

HD Graphics 5000

40 @ 200 - 1100MHz? Bit

HD Graphics 4400

20 @ 200 - 1100MHz? Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350MHz? Bit

HD Graphics 4200

20 @ 200 - 850MHz? Bit

HD Graphics (Haswell)

10 @ 200 - 1000MHz? Bit

HD Graphics 3000

12 @ 350-1350MHz? Bit

HD Graphics 2500

6 @ 650 - 1150MHz? Bit

HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge)

6 @ 350 - 1100MHz? Bit

HD Graphics 2000

6 @ 850 / 1100-1350MHz? Bit

HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)

6 @ 350 - 1100MHz? Bit

HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

4 @ 311 - 896MHz? Bit
CodenameIvy Bridge
ArchitectureIvy Bridge
Pipelines16 - unified
Core Speed *350 - 1350 MHz
Shader Speed *350 - 1350 MHz
Shared Memoryyes
DirectXDirectX 11, Shader 5.0
technology22 nm
FeaturesQuickSync
Date of Announcement23.03.2011
* The specified clock rates are only guidelines for the manufacturer and can be altered by them.

Benchmarks

Cinebench R15 - OpenGL 64Bit
0% 100%
min: 8.47      avg: 8.5 (7%)     median: 8.5 (7%)     max: 8.47 Points
Cinebench R15 - Ref. Match 64Bit
0% 100%
min: 32.2      avg: 45.3 (46%)     median: 32.2 (32%)     max: 97.8 Points
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7 - T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 31      avg: 40.1 (6%)     median: 39 (6%)     max: 49 fps
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7 - T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16
0% 100%
min: 31      avg: 32.4 (54%)     median: 32 (53%)     max: 34 fps
3DMark (2013) - Ice Storm Standard Graphics 1280x720
0% 100%
min: 11232      avg: 31493 (9%)     median: 31435 (9%)     max: 48923 Points
3DMark (2013) - Cloud Gate Standard Graphics 1280x720
0% 100%
min: 1619      avg: 3840.8 (5%)     median: 3730 (5%)     max: 5761 Points
3DMark (2013) - Fire Strike Standard Graphics 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 191      avg: 486.8 (4%)     median: 480 (4%)     max: 705 Points
3DMark (2013) - Ice Storm Extreme Graphics 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 20514      avg: 23980 (11%)     median: 24252 (11%)     max: 28772 Points
3DMark (2013) - Ice Storm Graphics Score 1280x720 offscreen
0% 100%
min: 44888      avg: 44888 (16%)     median: 44888 (16%)     max: 44888 Points
GLBenchmark 2.5 - Egypt HD Fixed Time
0% 100%
min: 51      avg: 52 (87%)     median: 52 (87%)     max: 53 fps
GLBenchmark 2.5 - Egypt HD Offscreen Fixed Time 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 74      avg: 91.5 (17%)     median: 91.5 (17%)     max: 109 fps
ComputeMark v2.1 - Normal, Score 1024x600
0% 100%
min: 31      avg: 513.3 (9%)     median: 537 (9%)     max: 630 Points
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Sala Scene, OpenCL GPUs-only
0% 100%
min: 50      avg: 79.4 (3%)     median: 66 (3%)     max: 251 Samples/s
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Room Scene, OpenCL GPUs-only
0% 100%
min: 31      avg: 46.9 (3%)     median: 34 (2%)     max: 163 Samples/s
3DMark 11 - Performance 1280x720
0% 100%
min: 248      avg: 603.8 (5%)     median: 603.5 (5%)     max: 802 points
3DMark 11 - Performance GPU 1280x720
0% 100%
min: 216      avg: 522.1 (3%)     median: 523.5 (3%)     max: 684 points
3DMark Vantage - P Result no PhysX 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 830      avg: 2984.5 (8%)     median: 2959 (8%)     max: 4433 Points
3DMark Vantage - P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 659      avg: 2440.8 (6%)     median: 2415 (6%)     max: 3488 Points
3DMark 06
0% 100%
min: 1605      avg: 4589.7 (16%)     median: 4412.5 (15%)     max: 7159 Points
3DMark 05 - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 5239      avg: 8296.4 (22%)     median: 8393 (23%)     max: 11948 Points
3DMark 03 - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 7402      avg: 11805.3 (8%)     median: 12768 (8%)     max: 19294 Points
3DMark 2001SE - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 8967      avg: 14342.8 (23%)     median: 15220 (25%)     max: 16933 Points
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - high, Tesselation (normal), DirectX11 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 6      avg: 9.6 (6%)     median: 9.4 (6%)     max: 13 fps
PCMark Vantage - Gaming Score 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 3551      avg: 7159 (27%)     median: 7002 (27%)     max: 15671 Points
SPECviewperf 11 - Catia 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 0      avg: 0 (0%)     max: 0 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - Ensight 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 1.06      avg: 1.6 (3%)     median: 1.7 (3%)     max: 2.24 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - Lightwave 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 5.67      avg: 10.2 (13%)     median: 11.1 (14%)     max: 12.55 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - Maya 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 7.12      avg: 10.2 (9%)     median: 9.7 (9%)     max: 13.09 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 0.62      avg: 1.1 (6%)     median: 1.2 (6%)     max: 1.47 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - SolidWorks 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 3.98      avg: 6.9 (11%)     median: 7.5 (12%)     max: 8.45 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - Tcvis 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 1.43      avg: 1.9 (3%)     median: 2.1 (3%)     max: 2.27 fps
SPECviewperf 11 - Siemens NX 1920x1080
0% 100%
min: 0.69      avg: 1.1 (2%)     median: 1.2 (2%)     max: 1.47 fps
Cinebench R11.5 - OpenGL 64Bit
0% 100%
min: 5.58      avg: 14.4 (13%)     median: 13.7 (12%)     max: 22.54 Points
Cinebench R10 - Shading 32Bit
0% 100%
min: 2447      avg: 5034.6 (43%)     median: 5166 (44%)     max: 8562 Points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Graphics
0% 100%
min: 4.7      avg: 5.6 (70%)     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 6.6 points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Gaming graphics
0% 100%
min: 5.9      avg: 6.4 (81%)     median: 6.4 (81%)     max: 6.6 points