The NVIDIA GeForce GTX 860M is an upper mid-range, DirectX 12-compatible graphics card for laptops unveiled in March 2014. It is one of the first cards based on Nvidia's new Maxwell architecture (GM107 chip), but is still manufactured in 28 nm. The GTX 860M offers 640 shader units clocked at 1029 MHz (+ Boost) as well as 4 GB of GDDR5 memory (128 bit, 5000 MHz effective).

Alternatively, there is also a version based on the Kepler chip GK104, which has 1152 shader units clocked at 797 MHz.


Compared to Kepler, Maxwell has been optimized in several details to increase power efficiency. Smaller Streaming Multiprocessors (SMM) with only 128 ALUs (Kepler: 192) and an optimized scheduler should lead to better utilization of the shaders. Nvidia promises that a Maxwell SMM with 128 ALUs can offer 90 percent of the performance of a Kepler SMX with 192 ALUs. GM107 features 5 SMMs and thus 640 shader cores, 40 TMUs and 16 ROPs (128-bit interface).

Another optimization is the massively enlarged L2 cache (GM107: 2 MB). The increased size can handle some of the memory traffic to allow for a relatively narrow memory interface without significantly reducing the performance.

Similar to Fermi and Kepler, Maxwell / GM107 supports DirectX 11.2 with feature level 11.0 only.


Although the GTX 860M has much less memory bandwidth and computing power, it can compete with (or sometimes even beat) the old Kepler-based GeForce GTX 770M while drawing significantly less power. Many games of 2013/2014 (Tomb Raider or BioShock Infinite, etc.) can be played fluently in FullHD resolution and very high detail settings. However, very demanding games such as Crysis 3 or Battlefield 4 will require lower resolutions and/or details.

Despite its considerably higher shader count, the Kepler version is about 10 percent slower, mainly due to the worse bandwidth efficiency.


GM107 integrates the sixth generation of the PureVideo HD video engine (VP6), offering a better decoding performance for H.264 and MPEG-2 videos. Of course, VP6 supports all features of previous generations (4K support, PIP, video encoding via NVENC API). Unfortunately, HDMI 2.0 is still not supported.

Power Consumption

The power consumption of the GeForce GTX 860M should be similar to the old GTX 765M (about 60 watts). The low-clocked Kepler version draws just slightly more power. Therefore, the 860M is best suited for 15-inch laptops or larger. The 800M series also supports Optimus to automatically switch between an integrated graphics card and the Nvidia GPU.

GeForce GTX 800M Series
GeForce GTX 880M SLI compare 3072 @ 0.95 GHz2x 256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 860M SLI compare 1280 @ 1.03 GHz2x 128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 880M compare 1536 @ 0.95 GHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 870M compare 1344 @ 0.94 GHz192 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 860M 640 @ 1.03 GHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 850M compare 640 @ 0.88 GHz128 Bit @ 2000 - 5000 MHz
Pipelines640 - unified
Core Speed1029 MHz
Memory Speed5000 MHz
Memory Bus Width128 Bit
Memory TypeGDDR5
Max. Amount of Memory4096 MB
Shared Memoryno
DirectXDirectX 12 (FL 11_0), Shader 5.0
Transistor Count1870 Million
technology28 nm
FeaturesBattery Boost, GameStream, ShadowPlay, GPU Boost 2.0, Optimus, PhysX, CUDA, SLI, GeForce Experience, Adaptive VSync, Ansel
Notebook Sizemedium sized
Date of Announcement12.03.2014
Link to Manufacturer Page


Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy
17 pt (18%)
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 8168     avg: 14786     median: 15323.5 (20%)     max: 16389 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 21015     avg: 27115     median: 27960.5 (14%)     max: 30150 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 2807     avg: 3579     median: 3661 (9%)     max: 3907 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 3056     avg: 3854     median: 3904 (8%)     max: 4199 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 46010     avg: 151571     median: 163330 (22%)     max: 199233 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 4111     avg: 5126     median: 5134 (12%)     max: 5545 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 4453     avg: 4913     median: 4902 (8%)     max: 5305 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total +
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX +
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 +
SPECviewperf 11
specvp11 snx-01 +
specvp11 tcvis-02 +
specvp11 sw-02 +
specvp11 proe-05 +
specvp11 maya-03 +
specvp11 lightwave-01 +
specvp11 ensight-04 +
specvp11 catia-03 +
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 +
specvp12 snx-02 +
specvp12 showcase-01 +
specvp12 mediacal-01 +
specvp12 maya-04 +
specvp12 energy-01 +
specvp12 creo-01 +
specvp12 catia-04 +
Cinebench R10 Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) +
Cinebench R11.5 Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit +
Cinebench R15
Cinebench R15 OpenGL 64 Bit +
Cinebench R15 OpenGL Ref. Match 64 Bit +
- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance

Game Benchmarks

The following benchmarks stem from our benchmarks of review laptops. The performance depends on the used graphics memory, clock rate, processor, system settings, drivers, and operating systems. So the results don't have to be representative for all laptops with this GPU. For detailed information on the benchmark results, click on the fps number.

low 1280x720
96.1  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
68.4  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
32  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
29.4  fps    + Compare
4K 3840x2160
9.6  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings med..
Additional Benchmarks
Medium / Disabled 4xAF 1920x1080
low 1280x720
185  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
150  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
72  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
42  fps    + Compare
4K 3840x2160
21.6  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings ultra.
Additional Benchmarks
Medium Preset 1920x1080
low 1280x720
104  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
66.7  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
30  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
26.5  fps    + Compare
4K 3840x2160
10.4  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings med..
Additional Benchmarks
Medium Preset FXAA 1920x1080
Mafia 3

Mafia 3

low 1280x720
32  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
21.1  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
11.4  fps    + Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Additional Benchmarks
Medium Preset 1920x1080


low 1280x720
205  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
155  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
95.2  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
91.4  fps    + Compare
4K 3840x2160
37.2  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings ultra.
Additional Benchmarks
Medium Preset 1920x1080
low 1280x720
39  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
25.5  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
14.3  fps    + Compare