The NVIDIA GeForce GTX 780M is a high-end DirectX 11-compatible graphics card for laptops. It is based on the same chip as the GeForce GTX 680MX but offers a higher core clock at a lower TDP. It is based on the 28nm GK104 Kepler architecture similar to the GTX 680M, but features more CUDA cores (1536 vs. 1344), a higher clock rate and GPU Boost 2.0. As of summer 2013, it is the fastest laptop graphics card on the market.

As a novelty, the GeForce 700M series implements GPU Boost 2.0 to automatically overclock the core clock rate. Depending on the cooling headroom of the laptop and the application / game, up to 15 % performance gains are possible.

The Kepler architecture is the successor to the Fermi architecture that first appeared in laptops with the GeForce 400M series. The GK104 Kepler core offers eight shader blocks, called SMX, that are clocked at the same speed as the central core. In the GTX 780M, all eight blocks are active for a total of 1536 CUDA cores. Although the Kepler architecture can utilize more shader cores than a Fermi chip, its shaders can be up to twice as power efficient.  However, due to the missing hot clock of the shader domain, two shaders of a Kepler chip are of similar speed to one shader of a Fermi chip (as the latter is clocked twice as fast).

PCIe 3.0 is now supported by the mobile Kepler series and an optional Turbo mode can automatically overclock the Nvidia card by a theoretical 15 percent if the laptop cooling system allows it. The implementation of this boost mode is done in the BIOS, but it is ultimately dependent upon the manufacturer of the laptop.

In our gaming tests the GeForce GTX 780M was able to gain a 30 percent lead to the older Nvidia Geforce GTX 680M thanks to the additional shader cores and higher clock rates. That makes the GTX 780M the fastest single mobile graphics card in summer 2013 and 10 - 15 percent faster than the AMD Radeon HD 8970M. The GPU has enough power to run demanding games of 2012 fluently with Full HD resolution and maxed out graphical settings. Battlefield 3, Skyrim, and Crysis 2, for example, are playable at the highest detail settings (see benchmarks below).

The improved feature set now includes support for up to 4 active displays. Furthermore, high resolution monitors of up to 3840x2160 pixels can now be connected using DisplayPort 1.2 or HDMI 1.4a if available. HD-Audio codecs, such as Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD, can be transmitted via bitstream mode through the HDMI port. However, as most laptops will feature Optimus, the integrated GPU will likely have direct control over the display ports and may limit the feature set available by the Nvidia Kepler cards.

The 5th generation PureVideo HD video processor (VP5) is also integrated in the GK104 core and offers hardware decoding of HD videos. Common codecs such as MPEG-1/2, MPEG-4 ASP, H.264 and VC1/WMV9 are fully supported up to 4K resolutions while VC1 and MPEG-4 are supported up to 1080p. Two streams can be decoded in parallel for features such as Picture-in-Picture. Another novelty is the inclusion of a dedicated video encoding engine similar to Intel QuickSync that can be accessed by the NVENC API.

The power consumption of the GeForce GTX 780M should be similar or slightly higher than the GTX 680M (100 Watt TDP). According to rumors it should stay below the GTX 680MX in the iMac but still it is best suited for 17-inch desktop replacement laptops.

GeForce GTX 700M Series
GeForce GTX 780M SLI (compare) 3072 @ 823 MHz2x 256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 770M SLI (compare) 1920 @ 811 MHz2x 192 Bit @ 4000 MHz
GeForce GTX 780M 1536 @ 823 MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
GeForce GTX 765M SLI (compare) 1536 @ 850 MHz2x 128 Bit @ 4000 MHz
GeForce GTX 775M (compare) 1344 @ 719 MHz256 Bit @ 3600 MHz
GeForce GTX 770M (compare) 960 @ 811 MHz192 Bit @ 4000 MHz
GeForce GTX 765M (compare) 768 @ 850 MHz128 Bit @ 4000 MHz
GeForce GTX 760M (compare) 768 @ 657 MHz128 Bit @ 4000 MHz
Pipelines1536 - unified
Core Speed823 MHz
Memory Speed5000 MHz
Memory Bus Width256 Bit
Memory TypeGDDR5
Max. Amount of Memory4096 MB
Shared Memoryno
DirectXDirectX 11, Shader 5.0
Transistor Count3540 Million
technology28 nm
FeaturesOptimus, SLI, PhysX, Verde Drivers, CUDA, 3D Vision, 3DTV Play
Notebook Sizelarge
Date of Announcement30.05.2013


3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Score 1280x720
min: 17363     avg: 18169     median: 18252 (30%)     max: 19208 Points
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Graphics 1280x720
min: 34823     avg: 36000.7     median: 35965 (19%)     max: 37652 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Score 1920x1080
min: 4631     avg: 4823.3     median: 4742 (18%)     max: 5179 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Graphics 1920x1080
min: 5104     avg: 5315.6     median: 5244 (13%)     max: 5744 Points
3DMark - Ice Storm Standard Graphics 1280x720
min: 77049     avg: 135417     median: 118950 (16%)     max: 244515 Points
3DMark 11 - Performance 1280x720
min: 7127     avg: 7564.6     median: 7690 (22%)     max: 7900 points
3DMark 11 - Performance GPU 1280x720
min: 7279     avg: 7691.9     median: 7776 (15%)     max: 8014 points
3DMark Vantage
P Result 1280x1024 +
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 +
3DMark 06 Standard 1280x1024 +
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - DX 11, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
min: 72     avg: 75.2     median: 75 (28%)     max: 76 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - high, Tesselation (normal), DirectX11 1280x1024
min: 89     avg: 96.8     median: 99 (42%)     max: 101 fps
SPECviewperf 11
Siemens NX 1920x1080 +
Tcvis 1920x1080 +
SolidWorks 1920x1080 +
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 +
Maya 1920x1080 +
Lightwave 1920x1080 +
Ensight 1920x1080 +
Catia 1920x1080 +
Cinebench R10 Shading 32Bit +
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64Bit +
Cinebench R15
OpenGL 64Bit +
Ref. Match 64Bit +
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Room GPUs-only
min: 381     avg: 387.5     median: 387 (7%)     max: 394 Samples/s
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Sala GPUs-only
min: 738     avg: 749.5     median: 749 (7%)     max: 761 Samples/s
- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance

Game Benchmarks

The following benchmarks stem from our benchmarks of review laptops. The performance depends on the used graphics memory, clock rate, processor, system settings, drivers, and operating systems. So the results don't have to be representative for all laptops with this GPU. For detailed information on the benchmark results, click on the fps number.

high 1920x1080
45.9  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
41.8  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings ultra.
med. 1366x768
82  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
39  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
34.5  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings high.
low 1024x768
168.3  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
130.2  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
65.8  fps    + Compare
ultra 1920x1080
41.9  fps    + Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings ultra.


low 1024x768
89.9  fps    + Compare
med. 1366x768
81.8  fps    + Compare
high 1920x1080
50.9  fps    + Compare