Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) HD Graphics

The Intel Graphics Media Accelerator HD Graphics, Intel HD Graphics, or GMA HD  (or GMA5700MHD) is an onboard / shared memory graphics card for laptops that is bundled in the package of the new Arrandale dual core CPUs (upcoming in Q1 2010). Depending on the CPU model, the GMA HD is clocked between 166 and 500 MHz (with Turbo Boost max. 500-766 MHz). Compared, the the CPU die, the GPU and memory controller are produced in 45nm and not 32nm.

Compared to the current GMA 4500MHD graphics adapter, the Graphics Media Accelerator HD got two more shaders leading in 12 execution units (or unified shader cores). The identically called Intel HD Graphics in entry level Sandy Bridge processors is the successor of this graphics card and offers an improved architecture and therefore faster speeds.

The performance of the new Graphics Media Accelerator HD graphics card is noticable better than the old GMA 4500MHD (due to the increased number of shaders and in some cases also clock rate). In some games, the GMA HD is even as fast as a GeForce 9400M / ION chipset. On average it should be as fast as the HD 3200 / 4200 by ATI and therefore allow the user to play older and less demanding games in low settings. The driver support is still not as good as for Nvidia and AMD graphics cards. Furthermore, Low Voltage and Ultra Low Voltage Core CPUs contain lower clocked GMA HD graphics and are therefore slower.

Furthermore, the OpenGL performance is still not very good. E.g. the old Doom 3 and Quake 4 games wont run fluently.

Similar to the 4500MHD, the GMA HD also offers hardware accelerated HD video functions in the chip. The DXVA Checker lists support for MPEG2 (VLD, IDCT, MoComp, A, C), H264 (VLD, MoComp, IDCT), WMV9 (MoComp, IDCT), and VC1 (MoComp, IDCT) in 72x480, 1280x720 and 1920x1080. A Toshiba Tecra A11 laptop with Core i5-430M CPU decoded Big Buck Bunny (1080p, H.264) using the Windows Media Player using the graphics card with only 0-1% CPU load. When using the VLC which did not support using the graphic card, the CPU load was significantly higher with 8-17% in our tests. The same was noticed with WMV videos (The Magic of Flight 1080p 3-5% versus 7-12%) and VC-1 videos (Elephant's Dream 1080p 5-8% versus 8-15%).

The Turbo Boost function of the new Arrandale CPUs also allows the automatic overclocking of the GPU core. The graphics card is only overclocked if the CPU is not fully loaded and the TDP is not fully used. 

  • High End: Core i5 520M, 540M, i7 620M: 500-766 MHz
  • Low End: Core i3 330M, 350M: 500-677 MHz
  • Low Voltage: Core i7 620LM, 640LM: 266-566 MHz
  • Ultra Low Voltage: Core i5-520UM, i5-620UM, 640UM: 166-500 MHz

It is questionable if the Turbo is really often used in current games, as most games also use a lot of CPU time. Therefore, the UM and LM versions of the GMA HD should be a lot slower because of the slow base speed of 166 / 266 MHz.

ManufacturerIntel
Graphics Media Accelerator Series
Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) HD Graphics 12 @ 500MHz? Bit
CodenameGMA HD
ArchitectureArrandale
Pipelines12 - unified
Core Speed *500 MHz
Shader Speed *500 MHz
Shared Memoryyes
Shared Memory
DirectXDirectX 10, Shader 4.0
Power Consumption35 Watt
technology45 nm
Date of Announcement10.01.2010
* The specified clock rates are only guidelines for the manufacturer and can be altered by them.

Benchmarks

3DMark Vantage - P Result no PhysX 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 119      avg: 267.6 (1%)     median: 297.5 (1%)     max: 394 Points
3DMark Vantage - P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 90      avg: 202.7 (0%)     median: 225 (1%)     max: 299 Points
3DMark 06
0% 100%
min: 994      avg: 1499.9 (5%)     median: 1515 (5%)     max: 2119 Points
3DMark 05 - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 1093      avg: 2789.9 (8%)     median: 2748 (7%)     max: 3429 Points
3DMark 03 - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 2681      avg: 3980.6 (3%)     median: 3988 (3%)     max: 5007 Points
3DMark 2001SE - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 4735      avg: 8112.5 (13%)     median: 8301.5 (14%)     max: 10934 Points
PCMark Vantage - Gaming Score 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 1726      avg: 3100.1 (12%)     median: 2932 (11%)     max: 7739 Points
Cinebench R11.5 - OpenGL 64Bit
0% 100%
min: 0.68      avg: 1.2 (1%)     median: 1.2 (1%)     max: 1.86 Points
Cinebench R10 - Shading 32Bit
0% 100%
min: 62      avg: 1719.5 (15%)     median: 1790 (15%)     max: 3036 Points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Graphics
0% 100%
min: 2.4      avg: 4.1 (52%)     median: 4 (51%)     max: 4.8 points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Gaming graphics
0% 100%
min: 3.2      avg: 4.9 (62%)     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 5.3 points
- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card

Game Benchmarks

The following benchmarks stem from our benchmarks of review laptops. The performance depends on the used graphics memory, clock rate, processor, system settings, drivers, and operating systems. So the results don't have to be representative for all laptops with this GPU. For detailled information on the benchmark results, click on the fps number.

Diablo III
Diablo III (2012)
low:
20  fps      Compare
med.:
12  fps      Compare
high:
10  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Anno 2070
Anno 2070 (2011)
low:
10.3 23 ~ 17 fps      Compare
med.:
4.2 14 ~ 9 fps      Compare
high:
5  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Fifa 12
Fifa 12 (2011)
low:
63.4  fps      Compare
med.:
30.2  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Deus Ex Human Revolution
low:
21  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Dirt 3
Dirt 3 (2011)
low:
8  fps      Compare
med.:
6  fps      Compare
high:
3  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Total War: Shogun 2
Total War: Shogun 2 (2011)
low:
18  fps      Compare
med.:
10  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Fifa 11
Fifa 11 (2010)
low:
22 58.2 80.5 ~ 54 fps      Compare
med.:
14 30 43.2 ~ 29 fps      Compare
high:
5 24.6 33.8 ~ 21 fps      Compare
ultra:
21.1  fps      Compare
» With most tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Mafia 2
Mafia 2 (2010)
low:
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
StarCraft 2
StarCraft 2 (2010)
low:
11 26 27.9 31 ~ 24 fps      Compare
med.:
5 6 10 ~ 7 fps      Compare
high:
4 5 ~ 5 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Metro 2033
Metro 2033 (2010)
low:
13  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Battlefield: Bad Company 2
low:
8 16 ~ 12 fps      Compare
med.:
5  fps      Compare
high:
3  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
CoD Modern Warfare 2
low:
26  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Risen
Risen (2009)
low:
20 22 ~ 21 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Resident Evil 5
Resident Evil 5 (2009)
low:
33.8  fps      Compare
high:
10.2  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Need for Speed Shift
Need for Speed Shift (2009)
low:
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Colin McRae: DIRT 2
Colin McRae: DIRT 2 (2009)
low:
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Anno 1404
Anno 1404 (2009)
low:
21.6 26 26 27 30 ~ 26 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Sims 3
Sims 3 (2009)
low:
82.1 89 91 96 ~ 90 fps      Compare
med.:
29.7 32 34 35 ~ 33 fps      Compare
high:
21  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
F.E.A.R. 2
F.E.A.R. 2 (2009)
low:
45  fps      Compare
med.:
12  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Left 4 Dead
Left 4 Dead (2008)
low:
53  fps      Compare
high:
23  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Far Cry 2
Far Cry 2 (2008)
low:
25.7  fps      Compare
high:
6.4  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Crysis Warhead
Crysis Warhead (2008)
low:
15  fps      Compare
ultra:
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Trackmania Nations Forever
Trackmania Nations Forever (2008)
low:
92.3  fps      Compare
high:
21.9  fps      Compare
ultra:
15  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Call of Duty 4 - Modern Warfare
Call of Duty 4 - Modern Warfare (2007)
low:
28.3 47 ~ 38 fps      Compare
med.:
13.2 16 ~ 15 fps      Compare
» With most tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Supreme Commander - FA Bench
Supreme Commander - FA Bench (2007)
low:
18.1 19.3 20.6 21.7 21.8 ~ 20 fps      Compare
med.:
9.8 11.7 11.9 12.1 12.2 ~ 12 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Crysis - GPU Benchmark
Crysis - GPU Benchmark (2007)
low:
23  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Crysis - CPU Benchmark
Crysis - CPU Benchmark (2007)
low:
23  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
World in Conflict - Benchmark
World in Conflict - Benchmark (2007)
low:
39  fps      Compare
med.:
13  fps      Compare
high:
8  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Half Life 2 - Lost Coast Benchmark
Half Life 2 - Lost Coast Benchmark (2005)
high:
47.4  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings high.
Quake 4
Quake 4 (2005)
low:
12  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
World of Warcraft
World of Warcraft (2005)
low:
97 98 ~ 98 fps      Compare