Intel Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) HD Graphics

The Intel Graphics Media Accelerator HD Graphics, Intel HD Graphics, or GMA HD  (or GMA5700MHD) is an onboard / shared memory graphics card for laptops that is bundled in the package of the new Arrandale dual core CPUs (upcoming in Q1 2010). Depending on the CPU model, the GMA HD is clocked between 166 and 500 MHz (with Turbo Boost max. 500-766 MHz). Compared, the the CPU die, the GPU and memory controller are produced in 45nm and not 32nm.

Compared to the current GMA 4500MHD graphics adapter, the Graphics Media Accelerator HD got two more shaders leading in 12 execution units (or unified shader cores). The identically called Intel HD Graphics in entry level Sandy Bridge processors is the successor of this graphics card and offers an improved architecture and therefore faster speeds.

The performance of the new Graphics Media Accelerator HD graphics card is noticable better than the old GMA 4500MHD (due to the increased number of shaders and in some cases also clock rate). In some games, the GMA HD is even as fast as a GeForce 9400M / ION chipset. On average it should be as fast as the HD 3200 / 4200 by ATI and therefore allow the user to play older and less demanding games in low settings. The driver support is still not as good as for Nvidia and AMD graphics cards. Furthermore, Low Voltage and Ultra Low Voltage Core CPUs contain lower clocked GMA HD graphics and are therefore slower.

Furthermore, the OpenGL performance is still not very good. E.g. the old Doom 3 and Quake 4 games wont run fluently.

Similar to the 4500MHD, the GMA HD also offers hardware accelerated HD video functions in the chip. The DXVA Checker lists support for MPEG2 (VLD, IDCT, MoComp, A, C), H264 (VLD, MoComp, IDCT), WMV9 (MoComp, IDCT), and VC1 (MoComp, IDCT) in 72x480, 1280x720 and 1920x1080. A Toshiba Tecra A11 laptop with Core i5-430M CPU decoded Big Buck Bunny (1080p, H.264) using the Windows Media Player using the graphics card with only 0-1% CPU load. When using the VLC which did not support using the graphic card, the CPU load was significantly higher with 8-17% in our tests. The same was noticed with WMV videos (The Magic of Flight 1080p 3-5% versus 7-12%) and VC-1 videos (Elephant's Dream 1080p 5-8% versus 8-15%).

The Turbo Boost function of the new Arrandale CPUs also allows the automatic overclocking of the GPU core. The graphics card is only overclocked if the CPU is not fully loaded and the TDP is not fully used. 

  • High End: Core i5 520M, 540M, i7 620M: 500-766 MHz
  • Low End: Core i3 330M, 350M: 500-677 MHz
  • Low Voltage: Core i7 620LM, 640LM: 266-566 MHz
  • Ultra Low Voltage: Core i5-520UM, i5-620UM, 640UM: 166-500 MHz

It is questionable if the Turbo is really often used in current games, as most games also use a lot of CPU time. Therefore, the UM and LM versions of the GMA HD should be a lot slower because of the slow base speed of 166 / 266 MHz.

ManufacturerIntel
Graphics Media Accelerator Series
Graphics Media Accelerator (GMA) HD Graphics 12 @ 500MHz
CodenameGMA HD
ArchitectureArrandale
Pipelines12 - unified
Core Speed *500 MHz
Shader Speed *500 MHz
Shared Memoryyes
Shared Memory
DirectXDirectX 10, Shader 4.0
Power Consumption35 Watt
technology45 nm
Date of Announcement10.01.2010
* The specified clock rates are only guidelines for the manufacturer and can be altered by them.

Benchmarks

3DMark Vantage - P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 90      avg: 202.7 (0%)     median: 225 (0%)     max: 299 Points
3DMark Vantage - P Result no PhysX 1280x1024
0% 100%
min: 119      avg: 267.6 (1%)     median: 297.5 (1%)     max: 394 Points
3DMark 06
0% 100%
min: 994      avg: 1499.9 (5%)     median: 1515 (5%)     max: 2119 Points
3DMark 05 - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 1093      avg: 2789.9 (8%)     median: 2748 (7%)     max: 3429 Points
3DMark 03 - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 2681      avg: 3980.6 (3%)     median: 3988 (3%)     max: 5007 Points
3DMark 2001SE - Standard 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 4735      avg: 8112.5 (13%)     median: 8301.5 (14%)     max: 10934 Points
PCMark Vantage - Gaming Score 1024x768
0% 100%
min: 1726      avg: 3100.1 (12%)     median: 2932 (11%)     max: 7739 Points
Cinebench R11.5 - OpenGL 64Bit
0% 100%
min: 0.68      avg: 1.2 (1%)     median: 1.2 (1%)     max: 1.86 Points
Cinebench R10 - Shading 32Bit
0% 100%
min: 62      avg: 1719.5 (14%)     median: 1790 (15%)     max: 3036 Points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Gaming graphics
0% 100%
min: 3.2      avg: 4.9 (62%)     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 5.3 points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Graphics
0% 100%
min: 2.4      avg: 4.1 (52%)     median: 4 (51%)     max: 4.8 points
- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card

Game Benchmarks

The following benchmarks stem from our benchmarks of review laptops. The performance depends on the used graphics memory, clock rate, processor, system settings, drivers, and operating systems. So the results don't have to be representative for all laptops with this GPU. For detailled information on the benchmark results, click on the fps number.

Diablo III
low 1024x768
20  fps      Compare
med. 1366x768
12  fps      Compare
high 1366x768
10  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Anno 2070

Anno 2070

2011
low 1024x768
10.3 23 ~ 17 fps      Compare
med. 1366x768
4.2 14 ~ 9 fps      Compare
high 1366x768
5  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Fifa 12

Fifa 12

2011
low 800x600
63.4  fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
30.2  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Deus Ex Human Revolution
low 1024x768
21  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Dirt 3

Dirt 3

2011
low 800x600
8  fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
6  fps      Compare
high 1360x768
3  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Total War: Shogun 2
low 1024x768
18  fps      Compare
med. 1280x720
10  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Fifa 11

Fifa 11

2010
low 800x600
22 58.2 80.5 ~ 54 fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
14 30 43.2 ~ 29 fps      Compare
high 1360x768
5 24.6 33.8 ~ 21 fps      Compare
ultra 1920x1080
21.1  fps      Compare
» With most tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Mafia 2

Mafia 2

2010
low 800x600
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
StarCraft 2
low 1024x768
11 26 27.9 31 ~ 24 fps      Compare
med. 1360x768
5 6 10 ~ 7 fps      Compare
high 1360x768
4 5 ~ 5 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Metro 2033
low 800x600
13  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Battlefield: Bad Company 2
low 1024x768
8 16 ~ 12 fps      Compare
med. 1366x768
5  fps      Compare
high 1366x768
3  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
CoD Modern Warfare 2
low 800x600
26  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Risen

Risen

2009
low 800x600
20 22 ~ 21 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Resident Evil 5
low 800x600
33.8  fps      Compare
high 1360x768
10.2  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Need for Speed Shift
low 800x600
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Colin McRae: DIRT 2
low 800x600
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Anno 1404

Anno 1404

2009
low 1024x768
21.6 26 26 27 30 ~ 26 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Sims 3

Sims 3

2009
low 800x600
82.1 89 91 96 ~ 90 fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
29.7 32 34 35 ~ 33 fps      Compare
high 1280x1024
21  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
F.E.A.R. 2
low 800x600
45  fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
12  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Left 4 Dead
low 640x480
53  fps      Compare
high 1024x768
23  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Far Cry 2

Far Cry 2

2008
low 640x480
25.7  fps      Compare
high 1024x768
6.4  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Crysis Warhead
low 800x600
15  fps      Compare
ultra 1024x768
-1  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Trackmania Nations Forever
low 640x480
92.3  fps      Compare
high 1024x768
21.9  fps      Compare
ultra 1920x1080
15  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Call of Duty 4 - Modern Warfare
low 800x600
28.3 47 ~ 38 fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
13.2 16 ~ 15 fps      Compare
» With most tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Supreme Commander - FA Bench
low 1024x768
18.1 19.3 20.6 21.7 21.8 ~ 20 fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
9.8 11.7 11.9 12.1 12.2 ~ 12 fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Crysis - GPU Benchmark
low 1024x768
23  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
Crysis - CPU Benchmark
low 1024x768
23  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
World in Conflict - Benchmark
low 800x600
39  fps      Compare
med. 1024x768
13  fps      Compare
high 1024x768
8  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings low.
Half Life 2 - Lost Coast Benchmark
high 1024x768
47.4  fps      Compare
» With all tested laptops playable in detail settings high.
Quake 4

Quake 4

2005
low 640x480
12  fps      Compare
» The benchmarks indicate that the game is not playable in the tested settings.
World of Warcraft
low 800x600
97 98 ~ 98 fps      Compare