Intel HD Graphics 4000 vs Intel HD Graphics 6000 vs Intel HD Graphics 4400

Intel HD Graphics 4000

► remove Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays). DisplayPort 1.1 (max 2560x1600) and HDMI 1.4 (max 1920x1080 without hacks) are supported by the chip according to Intel.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

Intel HD Graphics 6000

► remove Intel HD Graphics 6000

The Intel HD Graphics 6000 (GT3) is an integrated Broadwell graphics card revealed in Q1 2015. It can be found in several ULV SoCs (15 W TDP) such as the Core i5-5250U or i7-5650U. The so-called GT3 GPU offers 48 EUs (Execution Units) and therefore somewhat more shader power than the previous HD 5000 (40 EUs). Depending on the specific CPU, the maximum GPU frequency varies between 950 and 1000 MHz.

Architecture and Features

Broadwell features a GPU based on the Intel Gen8 architecture, which has been optimized in various aspects compared to the previous Gen7.5 (Haswell). Inter alia, the shader arrays called "subslice" have been reorganized and now offer 8 Execution Units (EUs) each. Three subslices form a "slice" for a total of 24 EUs. Combined with other improvements such as larger L1 caches and an optimized frontend, the integrated GPU has become faster and more efficient than its predecessor.

The HD Graphics 6000 represents the top-end version of the Broadwell GPU family and consists of two slices with 48 EUs. Beyond that, there is also a low-end (GT1, 12 EUs), a mid-range (GT2, 24 EUs) and a high-end variant (GT3e, 48 EUs + eDRAM).

All Broadwell GPUs support OpenCL 2.0 and DirectX 12 (FL 11_1). The video engine can now decode H.265 using both fixed function hardware as well as available GPU shaders. Up to three displays can be connected via DP 1.2/eDP 1.3 (max. 3840 x 2160 @ 60 Hz) or HDMI 1.4a (max. 3840 x 2160 @ 24 Hz). HDMI 2.0, however, is not supported.

Performance

Depending on the specific CPU, the maximum GPU frequency varies between 950 and 1000 MHz. Due to the low TDP, however, the average clock in 3D applications will be significantly lower. Overall, the HD Graphics 6000 outperforms the previous HD 5000 by 20 - 25 percent and offers a performance slightly below a dedicated GeForce 820M.

Games as of 2014/2015 will usually run fluently only at (very) low settings.

Power Consumption

Utilizing a new 14 nm process, the Broadwell ULV chips are specified at just 15 W TDP and therefore suited for thin ultrabooks. The TDP is flexible and can be further reduced (9.5 W), which has a significant impact on performance.

Intel HD Graphics 4400

► remove Intel HD Graphics 4400

The Intel HD Graphics 4400 (GT2) is a processor graphics card included in some of the ULV Haswell processors of 2013. The relatively low base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the turbo clock rates may differ, resulting in varying graphics performance between models.

In comparison to the HD 4000, the HD 4400 graphics core has been modified extensively. The GPU now supports DirectX 11.1, OpenCL 1.2 and OpenGL 4.0. It also features an improved decoder for 4K videos and the fast Quick Sync encoder. Compared to the faster 4600, the 4400 offers the same amount of shaders, but lower clock speeds (see table of clock speeds of the different CPU models below).

The performance of the HD Graphics 4400 is somewhat below the HD 4600, since the GPU is designed for ULV models. Therefore, the clock rates are relatively low. Furthermore, the reduced TDP limits the Turbo Boost. Compared to the ULV versions of the Ivy Bridge HD 4000, the HD 4400 is about 20 - 30 percent faster. This performance boost is achieved by architectural improvements and an increased number of execution units: The GT2 version integrates 20 EUs, compared to 16 EUs for the old HD 4000. Depending on the clock rate, the HD 4400 matches the performance of a dedicated Radeon HD 7550M.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption is relatively low. The HD Graphics 4400 can be found on ULV dual-core Haswell models with a TDP of 15 watts.

Intel HD Graphics 4000Intel HD Graphics 6000Intel HD Graphics 4400
ManufacturerIntelIntelIntel
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 350 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 300 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 300 - 950 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 100 - 900 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 100 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 200 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 300 - 800 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 320 - 640 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 200 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 200 - 600 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 311 - 896 (Boost) MHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 350 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 300 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 300 - 950 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 100 - 900 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 100 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 200 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 300 - 800 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 320 - 640 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 200 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 200 - 600 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 311 - 896 (Boost) MHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 350 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 300 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 300 - 950 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 100 - 900 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 100 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 200 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 300 - 800 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 320 - 640 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 200 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 200 - 600 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 311 - 896 (Boost) MHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameIvy BridgeBroadwell GT3Haswell GT2
ArchitectureIvy BridgeBroadwellHaswell
16 - 48 - 20 -
Core350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz
Bus64/128 Bit64/128 Bit64/128 Bit
yesyesyes
DirectXDirectX 11, 5.0DirectX 12 (FL 11_1)DirectX 11.1, 5.0
Technology22 nm14 nm22 nm
FeaturesQuickSyncQuickSyncQuickSync
Introduced23.03.2011 05.01.2015 05.06.2013
Transistors1900 Million
CPUGPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-3770K4 x 3500 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1150 MHz
Intel Core i7-3940XM4 x 3000 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1350 MHz
Intel Core i7-3920XM4 x 2900 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1300 MHz
» show 36 more
min. - max.350 - 650 MHz850 - 1350 MHz

3DMark - Time Spy Score 2560x1440
374 Points (3%)
3DMark - Time Spy Graphics 2560x1440
334 Points (2%)
3DMark - Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics Score 1280x720 offscreen
min: 43759     avg: 44323.5     median: 44323 (8%)     max: 44888 Points
37082 Points (7%)
3DMark - Ice Storm Extreme Graphics 1920x1080
min: 20514     avg: 24178.7     median: 24426 (3%)     max: 28772 Points
min: 19943     avg: 25546     median: 24573 (3%)     max: 33095 Points
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Score 1280x720
min: 1469     avg: 3380.4     median: 3282 (5%)     max: 5946 Points
min: 5425     avg: 5737     median: 5872 (10%)     max: 6061 Points
min: 1733     avg: 3980.4     median: 3940 (6%)     max: 4989 Points
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Graphics 1280x720
min: 1619     avg: 3849.7     median: 3768 (2%)     max: 5761 Points
min: 7378     avg: 7700     median: 7660 (4%)     max: 8102 Points
min: 1946     avg: 5039.9     median: 4953 (3%)     max: 6547 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Score 1920x1080
min: 168     avg: 446.5     median: 444 (2%)     max: 647 Points
min: 844     avg: 906     median: 903 (3%)     max: 971 Points
min: 352     avg: 542.7     median: 525 (2%)     max: 700 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Graphics 1920x1080
min: 191     avg: 486.1     median: 480 (1%)     max: 705 Points
min: 858     avg: 947.3     median: 951 (2%)     max: 1033 Points
min: 369     avg: 592.4     median: 569 (1%)     max: 778 Points
3DMark - Ice Storm Standard Graphics 1280x720
min: 11232     avg: 31857.6     median: 31598 (4%)     max: 48923 Points
min: 61674     avg: 62508     median: 61979 (8%)     max: 63871 Points
min: 12866     avg: 38628.7     median: 38886 (5%)     max: 58126 Points
3DMark 11 - Performance 1280x720
min: 248     avg: 603.5     median: 603 (2%)     max: 802 points
min: 1328     avg: 1486.5     median: 1513 (4%)     max: 1591 points
min: 460     avg: 842.8     median: 828 (2%)     max: 1032 points
3DMark 11 - Performance GPU 1280x720
min: 216     avg: 522     median: 523 (1%)     max: 684 points
min: 1210     avg: 1372     median: 1395 (3%)     max: 1487 points
min: 399     avg: 754.6     median: 735 (1%)     max: 962 points
3DMark Vantage
P Result 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
P Result 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
P Result 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
3DMark 2001SE - Standard 1024x768
min: 8967     avg: 14342.8     median: 15220 (16%)     max: 16933 Points
20486 Points (21%)
3DMark 03 - Standard 1024x768
min: 7402     avg: 11805.3     median: 12768 (7%)     max: 19294 Points
min: 9129     avg: 12378     median: 13244 (7%)     max: 16040 Points
3DMark 05 - Standard 1024x768
min: 5239     avg: 8296.4     median: 8393 (16%)     max: 11948 Points
min: 6313     avg: 8673.9     median: 8802 (17%)     max: 10495 Points
3DMark 06 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Unigine Valley 1.0 - Extreme HD DirectX 1920x1080
3.7 fps (2%)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - DX 11, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
min: 6     avg: 7.6     median: 7 (3%)     max: 8 fps
min: 6     avg: 7.7     median: 8 (3%)     max: 8 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - OpenGL, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
min: 7     avg: 8.1     median: 8 (5%)     max: 8 fps
min: 7     avg: 8.2     median: 8 (5%)     max: 9 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - high, Tesselation (normal), DirectX11 1280x1024
min: 6     avg: 9.6     median: 9 (4%)     max: 13 fps
min: 18     avg: 19     median: 18 (8%)     max: 19 fps
min: 7     avg: 10.9     median: 10 (4%)     max: 15 fps
SPECviewperf 11
Siemens NX 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Siemens NX 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Tcvis 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Tcvis 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SolidWorks 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SolidWorks 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Maya 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Maya 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Lightwave 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Lightwave 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Ensight 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Ensight 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Catia 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 12
Solidworks (sw-03) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Solidworks (sw-03) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Siemens NX (snx-02) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Siemens NX (snx-02) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Showcase (showcase-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Showcase (showcase-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Medical (medical-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Medical (medical-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Maya (maya-04) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Maya (maya-04) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Energy (energy-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Energy (energy-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Creo (creo-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Creo (creo-01) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Catia (catia-04) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Catia (catia-04) 1900x1060 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Windows 7 Experience Index - Gaming graphics
min: 5     avg: 6.4     median: 6 (86%)     max: 6 points
6.9 points (99%)
min: 5     avg: 6.2     median: 6 (86%)     max: 6 points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Graphics
min: 4     avg: 5.6     median: 5 (71%)     max: 6 points
5.9 points (84%)
min: 5     avg: 5.5     median: 5 (71%)     max: 6 points
Cinebench R10 Shading 32Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Shading 32Bit + Intel HD Graphics 6000
Shading 32Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000