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Intel HD Graphics 4000 vs Intel HD Graphics 4400

Intel HD Graphics 4000

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays). DisplayPort 1.1 (max 2560x1600) and HDMI 1.4 (max 1920x1080 without hacks) are supported by the chip according to Intel.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

Intel HD Graphics 4400

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4400

The Intel HD Graphics 4400 (GT2) is a processor graphics card included in some of the ULV Haswell processors of 2013. The relatively low base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the turbo clock rates may differ, resulting in varying graphics performance between models.

In comparison to the HD 4000, the HD 4400 graphics core has been modified extensively. The GPU now supports DirectX 11.1, OpenCL 1.2 and OpenGL 4.0. It also features an improved decoder for 4K videos and the fast Quick Sync encoder. Compared to the faster 4600, the 4400 offers the same amount of shaders, but lower clock speeds (see table of clock speeds of the different CPU models below).

The performance of the HD Graphics 4400 is somewhat below the HD 4600, since the GPU is designed for ULV models. Therefore, the clock rates are relatively low. Furthermore, the reduced TDP limits the Turbo Boost. Compared to the ULV versions of the Ivy Bridge HD 4000, the HD 4400 is about 20 - 30 percent faster. This performance boost is achieved by architectural improvements and an increased number of execution units: The GT2 version integrates 20 EUs, compared to 16 EUs for the old HD 4000. Depending on the clock rate, the HD 4400 matches the performance of a dedicated Radeon HD 7550M.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption is relatively low. The HD Graphics 4400 can be found on ULV dual-core Haswell models with a TDP of 15 watts.

Intel HD Graphics 4000Intel HD Graphics 4400
ManufacturerIntelIntel
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 compare 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 compare 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 compare 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 compare 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 compare 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 compare 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 compare 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) compare 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 compare 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) compare 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) compare 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) compare 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) compare 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) compare 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) compare 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 compare 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 compare 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) compare 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 compare 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) compare 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) compare 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 compare 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 compare 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 compare 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 compare 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 compare 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 compare 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 compare 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) compare 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 compare 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) compare 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) compare 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) compare 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) compare 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) compare 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) compare 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 compare 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 compare 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) compare 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 compare 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) compare 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) compare 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameIvy BridgeHaswell GT2
ArchitectureGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7.5 Haswell
Pipelines16 - unified20 - unified
Core Speed350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz
Memory Bus Width64/128 Bit64/128 Bit
Shared Memoryyesyes
DirectXDirectX 11, Shader 5.0DirectX 11.1, Shader 5.0
technology22 nm22 nm
FeaturesQuickSyncQuickSync
Date of Announcement23.03.2011 05.06.2013
CPU in HD Graphics 4000GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-3770K4 x 3500 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1150 MHz
Intel Core i7-3940XM4 x 3000 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1350 MHz
Intel Core i7-3920XM4 x 2900 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1300 MHz
min. - max.350 - 650 MHz850 - 1350 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 4400GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-4600U2 x 2100 MHz, 15 W200 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Core i7-4510U2 x 2000 MHz, 15 W200 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Core i7-4500U2 x 1800 MHz, 15 W200 MHz1100 MHz
min. - max.200 - 650 MHz850 - 1350 MHz

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4000
2.9 pt (3%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4400
3.6 pt (4%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 43759     avg: 44324     median: 44323.5 (7%)     max: 44888 Points
37082 Points (6%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 20514     avg: 24179     median: 24426 (3%)     max: 28772 Points
min: 19943     avg: 25546     median: 24573 (3%)     max: 33095 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 1469     avg: 3380     median: 3282.5 (4%)     max: 5946 Points
min: 1733     avg: 3980     median: 3940 (5%)     max: 4989 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 1619     avg: 3850     median: 3768.5 (2%)     max: 5761 Points
min: 1946     avg: 5040     median: 4953 (2%)     max: 6547 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 168     avg: 447     median: 444 (1%)     max: 647 Points
min: 352     avg: 543     median: 525 (1%)     max: 700 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 191     avg: 486     median: 480 (1%)     max: 705 Points
min: 369     avg: 592     median: 569 (1%)     max: 778 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 11232     avg: 31858     median: 31598 (4%)     max: 48923 Points
min: 12866     avg: 38629     median: 38886.5 (5%)     max: 58126 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 248     avg: 603     median: 603 (1%)     max: 802 Points
min: 460     avg: 843     median: 828 (2%)     max: 1032 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 216     avg: 522     median: 523 (1%)     max: 684 Points
min: 399     avg: 755     median: 735.5 (1%)     max: 962 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark Vantage - 3DM Vant. Perf. total
min: 830     avg: 2985     median: 2959 (3%)     max: 4433 Points
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 2450     avg: 3559     median: 3583 (4%)     max: 4820 Points
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark Vantage - 3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX
min: 659     avg: 2441     median: 2415 (2%)     max: 3488 Points
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 2083     avg: 3005     median: 2986.5 (3%)     max: 4123 Points
3DMark 2001SE - 3DMark 2001 - Standard
min: 8967     avg: 14343     median: 15220 (16%)     max: 16933 Points
20486 Points (21%)
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
min: 7402     avg: 11805     median: 12768 (7%)     max: 19294 Points
min: 9129     avg: 12378     median: 13244 (7%)     max: 16040 Points
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
min: 5239     avg: 8296     median: 8393 (12%)     max: 11948 Points
min: 6313     avg: 8674     median: 8802 (13%)     max: 10495 Points
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark 06
4276 (8%)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark 06
min: 1605     avg: 4588     median: 4412.5 (8%)     max: 7159 Points
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 4074     avg: 5110     median: 5164 (10%)     max: 6293 Points
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 DX 11
min: 6.9     avg: 7.6     median: 7.4 (2%)     max: 8.9 fps
min: 6.5     avg: 7.7     median: 8.2 (3%)     max: 8.4 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 OpenGL
min: 7.7     avg: 8.1     median: 8.1 (4%)     max: 8.4 fps
min: 7     avg: 8.2     median: 8.6 (4%)     max: 9.1 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - Heaven 2.1 high
min: 6     avg: 9.6     median: 9.4 (2%)     max: 13 fps
SPECviewperf 11
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 snx-01
min: 0.69     avg: 1.1     median: 1.2 (1%)     max: 1.47 fps
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 1.06     avg: 1.6     median: 1.7 (1%)     max: 2.09 fps
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 tcvis-02
min: 1.43     avg: 1.9     median: 2.1 (3%)     max: 2.27 fps
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 1.47     avg: 2.2     median: 2.2 (4%)     max: 2.94 fps
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 sw-02
min: 3.98     avg: 6.9     median: 7.5 (9%)     max: 8.45 fps
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 6.04     avg: 9.7     median: 9.6 (12%)     max: 12.19 fps
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 proe-05
min: 0.62     avg: 1.1     median: 1.2 (5%)     max: 1.47 fps
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 1.39     avg: 1.8     median: 1.9 (8%)     max: 2.28 fps
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 maya-03
min: 7.12     avg: 10.2     median: 9.7 (7%)     max: 13.09 fps
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 7.81     avg: 12.5     median: 12.2 (9%)     max: 16.81 fps
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 lightwave-01
min: 5.67     avg: 10.2     median: 11.1 (12%)     max: 12.55 fps
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 9.88     avg: 13.6     median: 13.2 (14%)     max: 17.4 fps
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 ensight-04
min: 1.06     avg: 1.6     median: 1.7 (1%)     max: 2.24 fps
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
min: 1.29     avg: 1.9     median: 2 (1%)     max: 2.47 fps
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 catia-03
0 fps (0%)
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 sw-03
min: 6.92     avg: 9.3     median: 9.3 (4%)     max: 11.62 fps
specvp12 snx-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 snx-02
min: 1.99     avg: 2     median: 2 (1%)     max: 2.08 fps
specvp12 showcase-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 showcase-01
min: 4.19     avg: 4.3     median: 4.3 (2%)     max: 4.48 fps
specvp12 mediacal-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 mediacal-01
min: 1.24     avg: 1.5     median: 1.5 (1%)     max: 1.84 fps
specvp12 maya-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 maya-04
min: 2.36     avg: 2.5     median: 2.5 (1%)     max: 2.54 fps
specvp12 energy-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 energy-01
min: 0.07     avg: 0.1     median: 0.1 (0%)     max: 0.22 fps
specvp12 creo-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 creo-01
min: 6.08     avg: 6.6     median: 6.6 (4%)     max: 7.02 fps
specvp12 catia-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 catia-04
min: 7.96     avg: 8.3     median: 8.3 (3%)     max: 8.54 fps
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Gaming graphics
min: 5.9     avg: 6.4     median: 6.4 (81%)     max: 6.6 Points