Intel HD Graphics 4000 vs Intel HD Graphics 4600 vs Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)

Intel HD Graphics 4000

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays). DisplayPort 1.1 (max 2560x1600) and HDMI 1.4 (max 1920x1080 without hacks) are supported by the chip according to Intel.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

Intel HD Graphics 4600

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4600

The Intel HD Graphics 4600 (GT2) is a processor graphics card included in some of the Haswell processors of 2013. The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology.
Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rates may differ greatly resulting in varying graphics performance between CPU models.

In comparison to the HD 4000, the graphics core has been modified extensively. The GPU supports DirectX 11.1, OpenCL 1.2 and OpenGL 4.0. It also features an improved decoder for 4K videos and the fast Quick Sync encoder.

According to Intel benchmarks in 3DMark 11, the HD Graphics 4600 will be up to 60 percent faster than the previous HD 4000. In our gaming benchmarks, however, the improvement was only about 30 percent. This performance boost is achieved by architectural improvements and an increased number of execution units: The GT2 version integrates 20 EUs, compared to 16 EUs for the old HD 4000. Thus, the HD 4600 not only matches some dedicated GPUs such as the GeForce GT 620M/630M, but also competes with the fastest integrated AMD GPUs like the Radeon HD 8650G.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, power consumption should be relatively low. The HD Graphics 4600 can be found on dual- and quad-core Haswell models in the 37 - 57 Watt TDP range.

Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)

The Intel HD Graphics (Family) is a processor graphics card which is integrated in the cheap Celeron and Pentium model of the Sandy Bridge generation. It is similar to the Intel HD Graphics 2000 and not with the processor graphics of the older Arrandale dual-core processors (which bears the same name). 

Depending on the processor, the HD graphics offers a different base and Turbo Boost clock speed. Currently there are three different models:

  • Power Saving e.g. Celeron 847: base 350MHz, Turbo 800MHz
  • Celeron e.g. Celeron B810: base 650MHz, Turbo 950MHz
  • Pentium e.g. Pentium B950: base 650MHz, Turbo 1100MHz

Furthermore, the slow CPU performance of some models may influence the games a lot. For example, although the GPU in the Celeron B710 differs not much from the Pentium B950, the gaming performance was clearly worse and many games were unplayable.

As the Intel HD Graphics 3000 and 2000, the processor graphics card is able to use part of the last level cache of the processor (2MB usually for the entry level CPUs). This could be seen as a small amount of very fast dedicated memory.

Altought 2x Antialiasing (AA) is supported, the chip is as fast as when rendering 4x AA. In the Unigine Valley benchmark a similar HD 3000 i7-2637M for example reached the same score with 2x AA and 4x AA.

The feature set compared to the HD Graphics 3000 is also reduced in these entry level CPUs. E.g. Intel Quick Sync (for de- and encoding of HD videos), In Tru 3D, Clear Video HD are usually deactivated.

Intel HD Graphics 4000Intel HD Graphics 4600Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
ManufacturerIntelIntelIntel
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameIvy BridgeHaswell GT2Sandy Bridge
ArchitectureGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7.5 HaswellGen. 6 Sandy Bridge
Pipelines16 - unified20 - unified6 - unified
Core Speed350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz
Memory Bus Width64/128 Bit64/128 Bit64/128 Bit
Shared Memoryyesyesyes
DirectXDirectX 11, Shader 5.0DirectX 11.1, Shader 5.0DirectX 10.1, Shader 4.1
technology22 nm22 nm32 nm
FeaturesQuickSyncQuickSync
Date of Announcement23.03.2011 01.06.2013 01.05.2011
Link to Manufacturer Pagehttp://www.intel.com/technology/graphics...
CPU in HD Graphics 4000GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-3770K4 x 3500 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1150 MHz
Intel Core i7-3940XM4 x 3000 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1350 MHz
Intel Core i7-3920XM4 x 2900 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1300 MHz
min. - max.350 - 650 MHz850 - 1350 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 4600GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-4790K4 x 4000 MHz, 88 W350 MHz1250 MHz
Intel Core i7-47904 x 3600 MHz, 84 W350 MHz1200 MHz
Intel Core i7-4770K4 x 3500 MHz, 84 W400 MHz1200 MHz
min. - max.200 - 650 MHz850 - 1350 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Pentium G8602 x 3000 MHz, 65 W650 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Pentium B9802 x 2400 MHz, 35 W650 - 1100 MHz? MHz
Intel Pentium B9702 x 2300 MHz, 35 W650 MHz1150 MHz
min. - max.200 - 650 - 1100 MHz800 - 1350 MHz

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4000
3 pt (3%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4600
4.5 pt (5%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 43759     avg: 44324     median: 44323.5 (7%)     max: 44888 Points
min: 42224     avg: 42243     median: 42242.5 (7%)     max: 42261 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 20514     avg: 24179     median: 24426 (3%)     max: 28772 Points
min: 20937     avg: 25956     median: 22583 (3%)     max: 34347 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 1469     avg: 3380     median: 3282.5 (4%)     max: 5946 Points
min: 3322     avg: 5276     median: 5040.5 (7%)     max: 7233 Points
min: 1386     avg: 1452     median: 1451.5 (2%)     max: 1517 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 1619     avg: 3850     median: 3768.5 (2%)     max: 5761 Points
min: 3892     avg: 5865     median: 5613 (3%)     max: 7536 Points
min: 1389     avg: 1405     median: 1404.5 (1%)     max: 1420 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 168     avg: 447     median: 444 (1%)     max: 647 Points
min: 432     avg: 650     median: 592.5 (2%)     max: 904 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 191     avg: 486     median: 480 (1%)     max: 705 Points
min: 499     avg: 703     median: 635.5 (1%)     max: 978 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 11232     avg: 31858     median: 31598 (4%)     max: 48923 Points
min: 31725     avg: 47455     median: 48631 (6%)     max: 64426 Points
min: 13132     avg: 13747     median: 13746.5 (2%)     max: 14361 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 248     avg: 603     median: 603 (2%)     max: 802 Points
min: 655     avg: 1060     median: 1041 (3%)     max: 1464 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 216     avg: 522     median: 523 (1%)     max: 684 Points
min: 572     avg: 926     median: 910.5 (2%)     max: 1258 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4600
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4600
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
3DMark 2001SE - 3DMark 2001 - Standard
min: 8967     avg: 14343     median: 15220 (16%)     max: 16933 Points
38441 Points (40%)
min: 9769     avg: 11443     median: 11429.5 (12%)     max: 13145 Points
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
min: 7402     avg: 11805     median: 12768 (7%)     max: 19294 Points
min: 18916     avg: 21326     median: 22200 (12%)     max: 22861 Points
min: 2701     avg: 6189     median: 6390 (3%)     max: 7772 Points
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
min: 5239     avg: 8296     median: 8393 (12%)     max: 11948 Points
min: 13616     avg: 15058     median: 15760 (23%)     max: 15797 Points
min: 2000     avg: 4691     median: 4768 (7%)     max: 5917 Points
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1366x768 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x768 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1024x768 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 DX 11
min: 6.9     avg: 7.6     median: 7.4 (2%)     max: 8.9 fps
min: 13.5     avg: 14.4     median: 14.4 (5%)     max: 15.2 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 OpenGL
min: 7.7     avg: 8.1     median: 8.1 (4%)     max: 8.4 fps
min: 15.2     avg: 15.5     median: 15.5 (7%)     max: 15.8 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - Heaven 2.1 high
min: 6     avg: 9.6     median: 9.4 (2%)     max: 13 fps
15.3 fps (3%)
min: 5.3     avg: 5.7     median: 5.5 (1%)     max: 7 fps
SPECviewperf 11
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp12 snx-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp12 showcase-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp12 mediacal-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp12 maya-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp12 energy-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
specvp12 creo-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Gaming graphics
min: 5.9     avg: 6.4     median: 6.4 (81%)     max: 6.6 Points
min: 6.5     avg: 6.6     median: 6.5 (82%)     max: 6.7 Points
min: 5.4     avg: 5.7     median: 5.7 (72%)     max: 5.8 Points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Graphics
min: 4.7     avg: 5.6     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 6.6 Points
min: 5     avg: 5.5     median: 5.2 (66%)     max: 6.7 Points
min: 3.8     avg: 4.5     median: 4.5 (57%)     max: 5.1 Points
Cinebench R10 Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics 4600
Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Cinebench R11.5 Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4600
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)