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AMD Ryzen 9 5900X

AMD R9 5900X

The AMD Ryzen 9 5900X is a high-end 12-core, hyperthreaded (SMT) Vermeer series desktop processor that can process 24 threads simultaneously. Introduced on October 8, 2020, the Ryzen 9 5900X is the fastest 12-core processor and is specified at 105 watts TDP. The top model, the AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, offers even more power and at the same time offers another 4 cores and 8 threads. 

The Ryzen 9 5900X clocks with 3.7 GHz base clock and reaches up to 4.8 GHz on one core in turbo mode. However, when all 12 cores are loaded, up to 4.5 GHz is still possible.

The performance of the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X is consistently excellent in all applications and significantly better than the AMD Ryzen 9 3900X. AMD has been able to significantly improve its single thread performance in particular and even beats the Intel Core i9-10900K in this discipline. The multi-thread performance could also be improved. In an in-house duel, the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X can even take on an AMD Threadripper 2950X.

The internal structure of the processor has not changed fundamentally at first glance. The CCX structure has changed a bit compared to Zen2, because now a CCX consists of up to 8 CPU cores. So each individual core can access the complete L3 cache (32 MByte). Furthermore the CCX modules are connected to each other via the same I/O die, which we already know from Zen2. According to AMD, the Infinity-Fabric should now reach clock rates of up to 2 GHz, which in turn allows a RAM clock of 4.000 MHz without performance loss.

For the manufacturing processes, AMD also relies on TSCM for the Vermeer processors for the 7nm production of the CPU cores, although the I/O die is still supplied in 12nm by Globalfoundries. 

In games, the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X is convincing thanks to the significantly improved IPC. With the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, streaming can be done simultaneously with gaming. But if you only want to play games, you are well advised to take a closer look at the AMD Ryzen 7 5800X or the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X.

SeriesAMD Vermeer (Ryzen 5000)
CodenameVermeer (Zen3)

Series: Vermeer (Ryzen 5000) Vermeer (Zen3)

AMD Ryzen 9 5950X compare3.4 - 4.9 GHz16 / 32 cores64 MB L3
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X « 3.7 - 4.8 GHz12 / 24 cores64 MB L3
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D compare3.4 - 4.5 GHz8 / 16 cores96 MB L3
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X compare3.8 - 4.7 GHz8 / 16 cores32 MB L3
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X compare3.7 - 4.6 GHz6 / 12 cores32 MB L3
Clock Rate3700 - 4800 MHz
Level 1 Cache768 KB
Level 2 Cache6 MB
Level 3 Cache64 MB
Number of Cores / Threads12 / 24
Power Consumption (TDP = Thermal Design Power)105 Watt
Manufacturing Technology7 nm
Die Size2x 80.7 + 125 (I/O) mm2
SocketAM4 (1331)
FeaturesMMX(+), SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, SSE4A, x86-64, AMD-V, AES, AVX, AVX2, FMA3, SHA, Precision Boost 2
64 Bit64 Bit support
Architecturex86
Starting Price$549 U.S.
Announcement Date10/08/2020

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - CB R15 + R20 + 7-Zip + X265 + Blender + 3DM11 CPU
60.9 pt (68%)
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Multi Core
min: 10531     avg: 15441     median: 16262 (27%)     max: 20634 Points
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Single Core
min: 1487     avg: 1526     median: 1527 (67%)     max: 1568 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Single Core)
min: 579     avg: 603     median: 598 (69%)     max: 639 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Multi Core)
min: 4077     avg: 6104     median: 6233 (26%)     max: 8629 Points
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Multi 64 Bit
min: 1744     avg: 2631     median: 2695 (28%)     max: 3717 Points
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Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Single 64 Bit
min: 242     avg: 252.6     median: 250 (76%)     max: 271 Points
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Multli Thread 4 runs
min: 63583     avg: 88397     median: 90443 (56%)     max: 103095 MIPS
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Single Thread 4 runs
min: 5613     avg: 6469     median: 6582 (79%)     max: 6930 MIPS
HWBOT x265 Benchmark v2.2 - HWBOT x265 4k Preset
min: 12.4     avg: 23     median: 24.9 (53%)     max: 27.4 fps
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Blender - Blender 2.79 BMW27 CPU *
min: 138     avg: 161.5     median: 154.2 (1%)     max: 275 Seconds
R Benchmark 2.5 - R Benchmark 2.5 *
min: 0.4457     avg: 0.5     median: 0.5 (10%)     max: 0.992 sec
3DMark 06 - CPU - 3DMark 06 - CPU
min: 14624     avg: 17983     median: 16438 (35%)     max: 46989 Points
3DMark Vantage - 3DM Vant. Perf. CPU no Physx
min: 75591     avg: 79648     median: 80003 (75%)     max: 84938 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Physics
min: 14512     avg: 20484     median: 21043.5 (58%)     max: 24451 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Physics
min: 78128     avg: 83169     median: 82567 (53%)     max: 89517 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Physics
min: 76234     avg: 83137     median: 82433.5 (68%)     max: 90527 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Physics
min: 76690     avg: 84751     median: 85392 (72%)     max: 91451 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Physics
min: 16889     avg: 21197     median: 21362 (54%)     max: 23560 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Physics
min: 24944     avg: 32689     median: 32575 (60%)     max: 35932 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy CPU
min: 8552     avg: 11730     median: 11913 (59%)     max: 13232 Points
Geekbench 5.4 - Geekbench 5.1 - 5.4 64 Bit Single-Core
min: 1137     avg: 1574     median: 1604 (69%)     max: 1737 points
Geekbench 5.4 - Geekbench 5.1 - 5.4 64 Bit Multi-Core
min: 6512     avg: 11914     median: 11765 (41%)     max: 15119 points
Geekbench 5.0 - Geekbench 5.0 64 Bit Single-Core
min: 1162     avg: 1534     median: 1588 (7%)     max: 1670 points
Geekbench 5.0 - Geekbench 5.0 64 Bit Multi-Core
min: 6534     avg: 12041     median: 12813 (40%)     max: 14983 points
Geekbench 4.1 - 4.4 - Geekbench 4.1 - 4.4 64 Bit Single-Core
min: 5479     avg: 6880     median: 7034 (73%)     max: 7392 points
Geekbench 4.1 - 4.4 - Geekbench 4.1 - 4.4 64 Bit Multi-Core
min: 29337     avg: 48522     median: 52798.5 (59%)     max: 57137 points
Mozilla Kraken 1.1 - Kraken 1.1 Total Score *
min: 564     avg: 620     median: 582.5 (1%)     max: 905 ms