The Intel Pentium Gold Processor 4417U is a power efficient dual-core SoC for entry level laptops based on the Kaby Lake Refresh generation (not Coffee Lake). It was announced in February 2019 and integrates two "big" cores (similar to the Core i3, i5 and i7 CPUs) clocked at 2.3 GHz (fixed, no Turbo Boost). The integrated graphics card is named Intel HD Graphics 610 and offers 12 EUs clocked at 300 - 950 MHz. The integrated memory controller supports slower memory speeds than the faster i3 and i5 models (DDR4-2133 / LPDDR3-1866 / DDR3L-1600) and dual channel memory.
Intel basically uses the same micro architecture compared to Skylake, so the per-MHz performance does not differ. The manufacturer only reworked the Speed Shift technology for faster dynamic adjustments of voltages and clocks, and the improved 14nm process allows much higher frequencies combined with better efficiency than before.
With a fixed clock speed of 2.3 GHz, the dual core CPU is clearly slower than models with Turbo Boost and high clock speeds for single thread performance. The multi thread performance however is also limited due to the two cores. The faster Core i5-8250U offers four processor cores and fast Turbo Boost speeds therefore offers a much better performance. Still, the Pentium 4417U offers enough performance for daily tasks and non demanding applications.
The chip is most likely manufactured in an improved 14nm process with FinFET transistors (14nm+), the same as the 7th Gen Kaby Lake processors. Intel still specifies the TDP with 15 Watts, which is typical for ULV chips. According to Intel it can be configured to 12.5 Watt at 800 MHz (cTDP-down) with a clearly reduced performance.