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Intel Celeron 5205U vs Intel Core i7-10510U

Intel Celeron 5205U

► remove from comparison Intel Celeron 5205U

The Intel Celeron 5205U is a power efficient entry-level dual-core SoC for notebooks based on the Comet Lake (CML-U) generation and was announced in October 2019. Compared to the similar Whiskey Lake Celeron 4205U processors, the difference is the higher clock speed (+100 MHz) and support for faster memory. The processor cores are clocked at only 1.9 GHz (no Turbo) and don't support SMT / HyperThreading (so only 2 threads). More information on Comet Lake and all the models and articles on it can be found here.

The integrated graphics adapter is still the same as in the previous generations. It is called only Intel UHD Graphics but is still the same Intel UHD Graphics 610 like in the Pentium 4205U. Furthermore, the SoC integrates a VP9 and H.265 de- and encoder and an integrated dual channel LPDDR3-2133/DDR4-2400 memory controller (compared to DDR4-2666 in the faster and costlier Core i3/i5/i7 processors).

Performance

While we have not tested a single system powered by the 5205U as of August 2023, it's safe to expect the chip to be about half as fast as the Core i3-10110U (Comet Lake, 2 cores, 4 threads, up to 4.1 GHz). Which is nothing to write home about, really, as of mid 2022.

Power consumption

This Celeron has a default TDP, also known as the long-term power limit, of 15 W. Intel officialy allows laptop manufacturers to reduce that value somewhat, 12.5 W being the lower limit, resulting in lower clock speeds and lower performance. Unlike most Comet Lake family processors, Celeron 5205U is fairly likely to actually stick to that limitation as its cores are not Boost-enabled.

Last but not the least, this CPU is manufactured on an old, as of late 2022, 14 nm Intel process making for subpar energy efficiency.

Intel Core i7-10510U

► remove from comparison Intel i7-10510U

The Intel Core i7-10510U is a power efficient quad-core SoC for notebooks based on the Comet Lake (CML-U) generation and was announced in August 2019. Compared to the similar Whiskey Lake processors (e.g.& Core i7-8665U), the only difference is support for higher memory speeds (DDR4-2666, LPDDR4-2933) and two additional cores in the top model (not in this i7-10510U). The processor cores are clocked between 1.8 and 4.9 GHz (all 4 cores 4.3 GHz max). Thanks to HyperThreading 8 threads can be used. More information on Comet Lake and all the models and articles on it can be found here.

The integrated graphics adapter however is still the same as in the previous generations. It should be still called Intel HD Graphics 620 and clock from 300 - 1150 MHz in the i7. Furthermore, the SoC integrates a VP9 and H.265 de- and encoder and an integrated dual channel DDR4-2666 / LPDDR4-2933 memory controller.

Performance

The average 10510U in our database proves to be an OK mid-range option, its multi-thread benchmark scores hovering near those of the Ryzen 7 2700U and the Core i5-8259U. While not as impressive as the hexa-core Core i7-10710U, the 10510U will make most customers happy, making for short load times and generally pain-free experience.

Thanks to its decent cooling solution and a long-term CPU power limit of 45 W, the Modern 15 A10RB is among the fastest laptops powered by the 10510U that we know of. It can be more than twice as fast in CPU-bound workloads as the slowest system featuring the same chip in our database, as of August 2023.

Power consumption

This Core i7 series chip has a default TDP (also known as the long-term power limit) of 15 W, a value that laptop makers are free to change to anything between 10 W and 25 W resulting in corresponding performance and clock speed changes. By going for the lowest value, it is possible to build passively cooled tablets, laptops, mini-PCs around the i7. Please note that Comet Lake-U chips can briefly consume up to 90 W when under extreme loads.

Last but not the least, the i7-10510U is built with one of the old 14 nm Intel processes for lower-than-average, as of late 2022, energy efficiency.

ModelIntel Celeron 5205UIntel Core i7-10510U
SeriesIntel Comet LakeIntel Comet Lake
CodenameComet Lake-UComet Lake-U
Series: Comet Lake Comet Lake-U
Intel Core i7-10810U compare1.1 - 4.9 GHz6 / 12 cores12 MB L3
Intel Core i7-10710U compare1.1 - 4.7 GHz6 / 12 cores12 MB L3
Intel Core i7-10610U compare1.8 - 4.9 GHz4 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Intel Core i7-10510U1.8 - 4.9 GHz4 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Intel Core i5-10310U compare1.7 - 4.4 GHz4 / 8 cores6 MB L3
Intel Core i5-10210U compare1.6 - 4.2 GHz4 / 8 cores6 MB L3
Intel Core i3-10110U compare2.1 - 4.1 GHz2 / 4 cores4 MB L3
Intel Pentium Gold 6405U compare2.4 GHz2 / 4 cores2 MB L3
Intel Celeron 5205U « 1.9 GHz2 / 2 cores
Intel Core i7-10810U compare1.1 - 4.9 GHz6 / 12 cores12 MB L3
Intel Core i7-10710U compare1.1 - 4.7 GHz6 / 12 cores12 MB L3
Intel Core i7-10610U compare1.8 - 4.9 GHz4 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Intel Core i7-10510U « 1.8 - 4.9 GHz4 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Intel Core i5-10310U compare1.7 - 4.4 GHz4 / 8 cores6 MB L3
Intel Core i5-10210U compare1.6 - 4.2 GHz4 / 8 cores6 MB L3
Intel Core i3-10110U compare2.1 - 4.1 GHz2 / 4 cores4 MB L3
Intel Pentium Gold 6405U compare2.4 GHz2 / 4 cores2 MB L3
Intel Celeron 5205U1.9 GHz2 / 2 cores
Clock1900 MHz1800 - 4900 MHz
Cores / Threads2 / 24 / 8
TDP15 Watt15 Watt
Technology14 nm14 nm
max. Temp.100 °C100 °C
SocketBGA1528BGA1528
FeaturesLPDDR3-2133/DDR4-2400 RAM, PCIe 2, 4 GT/s bus, MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX, AVX2, BMI2, ABM, FMA, ADX, VMX, SMEP, SMAP, MPX, EIST, TM1, TM2, SST, AES-NI, RDRAND, RDSEED, SGXLPDDR3-2133/DDR4-2666/LPDDR4-2933 RAM, PCIe 3, 4 GT/s bus, MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX, AVX2, BMI2, ABM, FMA, ADX, VMX, SMEP, SMAP, MPX, EIST, TM1, TM2, Hyper-Threading, Turbo, SST, AES-NI, RDRAND, RDSEED, SGX
iGPUIntel UHD Graphics 610 (300 - 900 MHz)Intel UHD Graphics 620 (300 - 1150 MHz)
Architecturex86x86
$107 U.S.
Announced
Manufacturerark.intel.comark.intel.com
L1 Cache256 KB
L2 Cache1 MB
L3 Cache8 MB

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - CB R15 + R20 + 7-Zip + X265 + Blender + 3DM11 CPU - i7-10510U
30.2 pt (42%)
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Multi Core
min: 3626     avg: 3866     median: 3734 (3%)     max: 4239 Points
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Single Core
min: 1066     avg: 1142     median: 1152 (49%)     max: 1207 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Single Core)
min: 362     avg: 436.7     median: 441 (49%)     max: 497 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Multi Core)
min: 1015     avg: 1412     median: 1422 (3%)     max: 1897 Points
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Multi 64 Bit
min: 482     avg: 666     median: 678 (4%)     max: 856 Points
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Single 64 Bit
min: 113     avg: 178.4     median: 182 (55%)     max: 202 Points
Cinebench R11.5 - Cinebench R11.5 CPU Multi 64 Bit
6.7 Points (9%)
Cinebench R11.5 - Cinebench R11.5 CPU Single 64 Bit
2 Points (49%)
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Single (32bit)
min: 5740     avg: 6919     median: 7268 (44%)     max: 7748 Points
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Multi (32bit)
min: 6763     avg: 19637     median: 25882 (19%)     max: 26265 Points
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Multi (64bit)
9009 Points (6%)
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Single (64bit)
5856 Points (7%)
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Multli Thread 4 runs
min: 12196     avg: 17704     median: 17318 (10%)     max: 21298 MIPS
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Single Thread 4 runs
min: 3747     avg: 4591     median: 4678 (56%)     max: 4981 MIPS
HWBOT x265 Benchmark v2.2 - HWBOT x265 4k Preset
min: 3.41     avg: 4.6     median: 4.6 (8%)     max: 6.04 fps
Blender - Blender 2.79 BMW27 CPU *
min: 628     avg: 796     median: 797 (6%)     max: 1051 Seconds
R Benchmark 2.5 - R Benchmark 2.5 *
min: 0.637     avg: 0.7     median: 0.7 (14%)     max: 0.81 sec
3DMark 06 - CPU - 3DMark 06 - CPU
min: 5989     avg: 8472     median: 6125 (13%)     max: 13303 Points
3DMark Vantage - 3DM Vant. Perf. CPU no Physx
29737 Points (26%)
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Physics
min: 5226     avg: 8090     median: 8048.5 (22%)     max: 11006 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Physics
min: 41700     avg: 56447     median: 58554 (49%)     max: 67021 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Physics
min: 4131     avg: 6524     median: 6215 (16%)     max: 9653 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Physics
min: 5667     avg: 9849     median: 10085 (18%)     max: 13225 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy CPU
min: 2142     avg: 3135     median: 3088 (13%)     max: 4801 Points
Geekbench 5.5 - Geekbench 5.1 - 5.4 64 Bit Single-Core
480 Points (20%)
min: 977     avg: 1197     median: 1212 (51%)     max: 1287 Points
Geekbench 5.5 - Geekbench 5.1 - 5.4 64 Bit Multi-Core
912 Points (2%)
min: 2474     avg: 3687     median: 3663 (7%)     max: 4484 Points
Geekbench 4.4 - Geekbench 4.1 - 4.4 64 Bit Single-Core
min: 4976     avg: 5400     median: 5368 (54%)     max: 5832 Points
Geekbench 4.4 - Geekbench 4.1 - 4.4 64 Bit Multi-Core
min: 13116     avg: 16270     median: 17109 (19%)     max: 18364 Points
Geekbench 3 - Geekbench 3 32 Bit Multi-Core
min: 16742     avg: 16790     median: 16790 (30%)     max: 16838 Points
Geekbench 3 - Geekbench 3 32 Bit Single-Core
min: 4369     avg: 4427     median: 4427 (86%)     max: 4485 Points
Mozilla Kraken 1.1 - Kraken 1.1 Total Score *
min: 742     avg: 885     median: 859 (1%)     max: 1184 ms
Octane V2 - Octane V2 Total Score
min: 31505     avg: 41519     median: 38295 (34%)     max: 51741 Points
WebXPRT 3 - WebXPRT 3 Score
min: 192     avg: 209.1     median: 210 (44%)     max: 226 Points
CrossMark - CrossMark Overall
1101 Points (42%)
Power Consumption - Prime95 Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 23     avg: 37.8     median: 38 (7%)     max: 50 Watt
Power Consumption - Cinebench R15 Multi Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 25.5     avg: 41.2     median: 38.4 (7%)     max: 61 Watt
Power Consumption - Cinebench R15 Multi Power Efficiency - external Monitor
min: 8.95     avg: 16.7     median: 17 (13%)     max: 22.4 Points per Watt

Average Benchmarks Intel Celeron 5205U → 100% n=2

Average Benchmarks Intel Core i7-10510U → 327% n=2

- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

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