Qualcomm Adreno 640 vs ARM Mali-G76 MP12 vs Qualcomm Adreno 650

Qualcomm Adreno 640

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The Qualcomm Adreno 640 is a smartphone and tablet GPU that is integrated within the Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 SoC. The chip will be available from early 2019 and will be used mainly in high-end Android devices.

According to Qualcomm, the Adreno 640 GPU offers a 20% improved performance over the Adreno 630, its predecessor, which is integrated in the Snapdragon 845 SoC. The enhanced performance is achieved by the Adreno 640 having 50% more FP16 and FP32 compute units (ALUs) than the Adreno 630, while its 7 nm FinFET manufacturing process makes it 20% more efficient too.

The Adreno 640 will also support the Vulkan 1.1 API, something which is possible for other Adreno 600 series GPUs too.

ARM Mali-G76 MP12

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The ARM Mali-G76 MP12 is an integrated high-end graphics card for ARM based SoCs (mostly Android based). It was introduced early 2019 in the Samsung Exynos 9820 (e.g. Galaxy S10 Plus). It integrates 12 of the 20 possible cores and is based on the second generation of the Bifrost architecture. According to ARM it offers improvements in the machine learning efficiency and a bigger tile buffer for 16x anti-aliasing. Compared to the old Mali-G72, the G76 should offer twice the performance per cluster.

The GPU supports all modern graphics APIs like OpenGL ES 3.2, Vulkan 1.0, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12 FL11_1 and Renderscript.

Qualcomm Adreno 650

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The Qualcomm Adreno 650 is a smartphone and tablet GPU that is integrated within the Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 SoC. The chip will be available from early 2020 and will be used mainly in high-end Android devices.

According to Qualcomm, the Adreno 650 GPU offers a 25% improved performance over the Adreno 640, its predecessor, which is integrated into the Snapdragon 855 SoC. The enhanced performance is achieved by the Adreno 650 having 50% more compute units (ALUs) than the Adreno 640. Furthermore, the clock speed of the pixel shaders was also increased by 50%.

The performance in our first benchmarks of a reference system positions itself above the ARM Mali-G76 MP16 and e.g. in 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme even on the top spot. In GFXBench only the Apple A13 GPU is able to best the Adreno 650 (regarding smartphone GPUs).

As a novelty, the GPU driver can be updated in the Android Play Store. Furthermore, some features are running under the Elite Gaming brand (e.g., 144 Hz display support, desktop forward rendering).

The Adreno 650 supports Vulkan 1.1, DirectX 12, OpenGL ES 3.2, and OpenCL 2.0 FP. Furthermore, games and videos can use HDR10+ and Dolby Vision (with a supported display).

Qualcomm Adreno 640ARM Mali-G76 MP12Qualcomm Adreno 650
ManufacturerQualcommARMQualcomm
Adreno 600 Series
Adreno 685
Adreno 680
Adreno 650 @ 587 MHz
Adreno 640
Adreno 630
Adreno 620
Adreno 618
Adreno 616
Adreno 612
Adreno 610
Mali-G77 MP11 11
Mali-G77 MP9 9
Mali-G76 MP16 16
Mali-G76 MP12 10
Mali-G76 MP10 10 @ 720 MHz
Mali-G57 MP6 6
Mali-G57 MP5 5
Mali-G72 MP18 18 @ 850 MHz
Mali-G71 MP20 8 @ 900 MHz
Mali-G72 MP12 12 @ 850 MHz
Mali-G71 MP8 8 @ 900 MHz
Mali-G76 MP4 4 @ 800 MHz
Mali-G71 MP2 2 @ 770 MHz
Mali-G72 MP3 3 @ 850 MHz
Mali-G52 MP6 6
Mali-G52 MP2 2 @ 950 MHz
Mali-G52 MP2 1 @ 800 MHz
Mali-G51 MP4 4 @ 650 MHz
Adreno 685
Adreno 680
Adreno 650 @ 587 MHz
Adreno 640
Adreno 630
Adreno 620
Adreno 618
Adreno 616
Adreno 612
Adreno 610
Shared Memoryyesnoyes
DirectXDirectX 12DirectX 12
Technology10 nm7 nm7 nm
FeaturesOpenGL ES 3.2, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12, Vulkan 1.1OpenGL ES 3.2, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12, Vulkan 1.1
Introduced12.02.2018 31.08.2018 04.12.2019
ArchitectureBifrost
Cores10 - unified
Manufacturerhttps://developer.arm.com/products/graph...
Core587 MHz
CPU in Adreno 640GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Qualcomm Snapdragon 855+ / 855 Plus8 x ? MHz, 5 W250 MHz675 MHz
Qualcomm Snapdragon 8558 x 2840 MHz, 5 W? MHz585 MHz
min. - max.? - 250 MHz585 - 675 MHz
CPU in Mali-G76 MP12GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Samsung Exynos 98258 x 1900 MHz? MHz? MHz
Samsung Exynos 98208 x 1900 MHz? MHz? MHz
min. - max.? - 250 MHz? - 675 MHz
CPU in Adreno 650GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Qualcomm Snapdragon 865+ (Plus)8 x 2420 MHz, 5 W? MHz646 MHz
Qualcomm Snapdragon 8658 x 2420 MHz, 5 W? MHz587 MHz
min. - max.? - 250 MHz587 - 675 MHz

3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 97354     avg: 108080     median: 106829 (20%)     max: 118129 Points
min: 65614     avg: 68730     median: 68654 (13%)     max: 72022 Points
min: 128372     avg: 149618     median: 147936 (27%)     max: 169103 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot (ES 3.0) Unlimited
min: 5268     avg: 7377     median: 7566 (56%)     max: 8651 Points
min: 4052     avg: 4561     median: 4618 (34%)     max: 5048 Points
min: 8499     avg: 9472     median: 9721 (72%)     max: 10090 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot (ES 3.0) Unlimited Graphics
min: 6358     avg: 9817     median: 10073.5 (35%)     max: 11448 Points
min: 4449     avg: 5066     median: 5083 (18%)     max: 5605 Points
min: 11617     avg: 12726     median: 12694 (44%)     max: 13779 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited
min: 3969     avg: 5949     median: 6162 (73%)     max: 6916 Points
min: 4529     avg: 4827     median: 4720.5 (56%)     max: 5300 Points
min: 7369     avg: 8042     median: 8105 (97%)     max: 8386 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited Graphics
min: 5184     avg: 6935     median: 7069 (70%)     max: 8006 Points
min: 5358     avg: 5606     median: 5394.5 (54%)     max: 6087 Points
min: 9157     avg: 9508     median: 9436.5 (94%)     max: 10043 Points
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 640
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + ARM Mali-G76 MP12
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 650
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 640
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + ARM Mali-G76 MP12
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 650
GFXBench 3.0 - GFXBench 3.0 Manhattan Offscreen
min: 50     avg: 93.4     median: 98 (16%)     max: 112 fps
min: 67     avg: 80     median: 85 (14%)     max: 89 fps
min: 96     avg: 123     median: 123 (20%)     max: 134 fps
GFXBench 3.0 - GFXBench 3.0 Manhattan
min: 46     avg: 59.4     median: 59.5 (16%)     max: 85 fps
min: 53     avg: 55.2     median: 54.5 (15%)     max: 59 fps
min: 58     avg: 72.4     median: 67 (18%)     max: 109 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins High Tier Onscreen
min: 11     avg: 23.5     median: 24 (15%)     max: 60 fps
min: 16     avg: 20.3     median: 16.5 (11%)     max: 29 fps
min: 18     avg: 27.5     median: 29.5 (19%)     max: 35 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins High Tier Offscreen
min: 8.5     avg: 20.8     median: 17 (7%)     max: 101 fps
min: 16     avg: 17.2     median: 17 (7%)     max: 18 fps
min: 20     avg: 20.5     median: 20 (8%)     max: 22 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins Normal Tier Onscreen
min: 17     avg: 33.8     median: 36 (18%)     max: 60 fps
min: 16     avg: 25.8     median: 26 (13%)     max: 35 fps
min: 27     avg: 42.8     median: 45.5 (22%)     max: 54 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins Normal Tier Offscreen
min: 16     avg: 48.5     median: 42 (7%)     max: 257 fps
min: 38     avg: 43.8     median: 45 (8%)     max: 48 fps
min: 27     avg: 52.2     median: 53 (9%)     max: 58 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench Car Chase Offscreen
min: 22     avg: 39.7     median: 42 (10%)     max: 48 fps
min: 21     avg: 35.5     median: 39 (9%)     max: 43 fps
min: 39     avg: 50.7     median: 51 (12%)     max: 57 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench Car Chase Onscreen
min: 16     avg: 31.8     median: 34 (13%)     max: 41 fps
min: 18     avg: 24.7     median: 23 (9%)     max: 40 fps
min: 24     avg: 39     median: 42 (16%)     max: 52 fps
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - PerformanceTest Mobile 2D Graphics Tests
min: 10504     avg: 13770     median: 14541 (46%)     max: 15851 Points
7354 Points (23%)
min: 10504     avg: 13770.4     median: 14541 (46%)     max: 15851 Points
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - PerformanceTest Mobile 3D Graphics Tests
min: 4244     avg: 5196     median: 5204 (19%)     max: 6016 Points
6315 Points (23%)
min: 4244     avg: 5196.2     median: 5204 (19%)     max: 6016 Points

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Adreno 640 → 100% n=17

Average Benchmarks ARM Mali-G76 MP12 → 79% n=17

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Adreno 650 → 124% n=17

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Genshin Impact

Genshin Impact

2020
low
Adreno 650:
60 fps 60 fps ~ 60 fps
ultra
Adreno 650:
59 fps 60 fps ~ 60 fps
Armajet

Armajet

2020
high
Adreno 650:
62 fps 91 fps 114 fps ~ 89 fps
PUBG Mobile

PUBG Mobile

2018
low
Mali-G76 MP12:
58 fps  fps
Adreno 650:
40 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps ~ 58 fps
med.
Mali-G76 MP12:
39 fps  fps
Adreno 650:
40 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps ~ 55 fps
high
100%
Adreno 640:
30 fps 40 fps 40 fps 40 fps 59 fps 60 fps 60 fps ~ 47 fps
83%
Mali-G76 MP12:
38 fps 39 fps 40 fps