AMD Radeon R9 M275 vs AMD Radeon R9 M265X
AMD Radeon R9 M275► remove
The AMD Radeon R9 M275 is a 28 nm DirectX 12 graphics card based on the GCN (Graphics Core Next) architecture. Built primarily for large laptops, the card is positioned in the upper mid-range category as of 2014. Compared to the old Radeon HD 8870M, the R9 M275 offers a higher core clock speed of up to 925 MHz, while the memory clock stays at 1125 MHz (GDDR5, 4500 MHz). However, some notebook manufactures will choose sligthly slower memory (often 1000 MHz / 4000 MHz effective).
The design of the Radeon R9 M275 has its roots to the Cape Verde chip as found, for example, on the desktop Radeon HD 7770 with 640 1D shader cores and 40 texture units. The core clock of the 8870M, however, is only 925 MHz versus the 1000 MHz of the HD 7770.
As a result, general performance of the R9 M275 is somewhat below the HD 7770 desktop card or the Nvidia GeForce GTX 760M. Most games of 2014 can be played fluently in high detail settings and resolutions, some older titels even with additional AA/AF. In some very demanding titels like Battlefield 4, medium settings and a resolution of 1366 x 768 pixels may be necessary for sufficient frame rates.
The 640 shader cores can be used with OpenCL 1.2 for general-purpose calculations (as 10 compute units).
Features of the R9 series include video decoding via UVD3 for decoding MPEG-4 AVC/H.264, VC-1, MPEG-2, and Flash directly from the AMD GPU. Multi-View Codec (MVC) and MPEG-4 part 2 (DivX, xVid) HD videos are now compatible as well.
The Radeon R9 also supports automatic graphics switching between the integrated GPU and discrete GPU, called Enduro. The technology supersedes AMD's Dynamic Switchable Graphics and is similar to Nvidia's Optimus. Furthermore, the M275 can directly support up to 6 connected monitors using Eyefinity Technology if Enduro is disabled.
Other features include ZeroCore for reducing power consumption when the display is turned off and Power Gating to power down areas of the chip that are not used. PowerTune allows automatic overclocking and underclocking of the graphics card as long as the GPU is within its TDP limit. For example, the chip may be underclocked when running FurMark and OCCT, but will overclock in certain games.
The integrated HD audio processor is able to transmit HD Audio (TrueHD or DTS Master Audio) over HDMI and DisplayPort (e.g., for Blu-Ray videos). Additionally, it now allows audio to output simultaneously and in parallel to multiple devices with the new Discrete Digital Multipoint Audio (DDMA) feature.
Power consumption of the R9 M275 should be around 60 W. Therefore, the GPU is only suited for larger laptops and DTRs.
AMD Radeon R9 M265X► remove
The 28 nm AMD Radeon R9 M265X is an mid-range notebook graphics card based on the GCN (Graphics Core Next) architecture. It was introduced in Spring of 2014 and supports up to DirectX 12 (FL 11_1). The underlying "Cape Verde" GPU features 640 unified shaders, a core clock of 625 MHz and a 128-Bit memory interface with 2 or 4 GB of GDDR5 memory at 1000 MHz (4000 MHz effective).
The "Cape Verde" GPU codename is based on the Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture and is processed in a 28 nm lithography. The GCN architecture features 10 processing units for a total of 640 stream processors. In addition, the AMD Radeon R9 M265X sports 40 texture units, 64 Z/Stencil ROP units, 16 color ROP units and a 512 KB L2 read/write cache.
The AMD Radeon R9 M265X is compatible with the lastest PCIe 3.0 Standard.
Depending on the clock rate (and maybe benefits from Boost), the AMD Radeon M265X ranks in the mid-range of mobile graphics cards as of mid 2014. Performance is sligthly above a GeForce 840M and a GeForce 940M. As a result, this AMD GPU can run current titles smoothly up to 900p with medium to high settings. Graphical settings will have to be reduced significantly when playing very demanding titles like Crysis 3 or Far Cry 3.
A well-known feature of the AMD Radeon R9 M265X includes the “Eyefinity“ technology, which allows the user to connect up to 6 displays simultaneously. For notebooks, however, this feature is almost always limited by the number of available display ports.
The mid-range GPU also supports the “Enduro” technology for power efficiency, which is the counterpart to Nvidia's “Optimus”. While idle or in low load scenarios (Office, Internet, etc.), the system will deactivate the dGPU in favor of the more low-power integrated GPU.
The M265X also features the “Mantle” graphics API for gamers. This programming interface has been developed by the manufacturer as an alternative to Direct3D or OpenGL. Example titles with Mantle support include Battlefield 4, Thief, and The Sims 4 with more to come in the future.
With “App Acceleration”, AMD has also equipped the Radeon R9 M265X with technology for improving video quality and increasing application performance. However, support for OpenCL, DirectCompute, or DirectX video acceleration (DXVA) is required in order to use all described functions.
With a TDP of about 35 to 40 Watt, the power consumption of the AMD Radeon R9 M265X ranges between the 840M (about 30 Watt) and the GTX 850M (~40 to 45 Watt). Thus, the graphics card is best suitable for 15-inch notebooks. Under low loads, automatic underclocking can save energy. When idle, the Enduro software can completely deactivate the card for additional power savings.
|AMD Radeon R9 M275||AMD Radeon R9 M265X|
|Radeon R9 M200 Series|
|Cores||640 - unified||640 - unified|
|Core||925 MHz||625 MHz|
|Memory||4500 MHz||4000 MHz|
|Bus||128 Bit||128 Bit|
|Max. Memory||4096 MB||2048 MB|
|DirectX||DirectX 12 (FL 11_1), 5.0||DirectX 12 (FL 11_1), 5.0|
|Transistors||1500 Million||1500 Million|
|Technology||28 nm||28 nm|