NVIDIA Quadro M5500 vs NVIDIA Quadro 3000M vs NVIDIA Quadro M520

NVIDIA Quadro M5500

► remove NVIDIA Quadro M5500

The Nvidia Quadro M5500 is a high-end, DirectX 12 (FL_12_1) and OpenGL 4.5-compatible graphics card for mobile workstations. It is a Maxwell-based GPU built on the GM204 chip with all 2048 shader cores activated and is manufactured in 28 nm at TSMC. Therefore, the GPU is similar to the consumer Nvidia GeForce GTX 980 (Notebook). Compared to the slower and less power hungry Quadro M5000M, the M5500 offers 512 more shaders which should result in 30-40% more performance according to Nvidia.

The Quadro series offers certified drivers that are optimized for stability and performance in professional applications like CAD or DCC. OpenGL performance, for example, should be significantly better compared to GeForce graphics cards of similar specifications.

Using CUDA (Compute Capability 5.2) or OpenCL 1.2, the cores of the Quadro M5000M can be used for general calculations.

The power consumption of the Quadro M5000M is rated at the same TGP of 150 Watt. Therefore, the card is suited for very large notebooks with 17-inch displays or greater.

The first laptop with the M5500 in it is the MSI WT72 Workstation.

NVIDIA Quadro 3000M

► remove

The NVIDIA Quadro 3000M is a professional workstation graphics card based on the Fermi architecture (probably GF104 like the GeForce GTX 470M). Compared to the 5010M, the 3000M does not support ECC memory and DP floating point calculations.

The Quadro series offers certified drivers that are optimized for stability and performance in professional applications like CAD, DCC, medicine, or visualisation areas. The OpenGL performance for example should be significantly better than similar specified GeForce graphics cards.

The shader / CUDA cores can be accessed using DirectX 11, OpenGL 4.1 for graphic rendering and DirectCompute, OpenCL, AXE, and CUDA for general purpose calculations. Due to the new Fermi core, the 3000M should offer a high performance in general purpose calculations.

Furthermore, the Nvidia Quadro 3000M is compatible with the new stereoscopic solution by Nvidia called: NVIDIA 3D Vision Pro.

To automatically switch between the processor graphics card and the Quadro, the 3000M supports Nvidia Optimus (if the laptop vendor chooses to integrate it).

As the GeForce GTX 470M, the Quadro 3000M is specified at 75 Watt TDP and therefore only suited for large laptops with 17 inch displays.

NVIDIA Quadro M520

► remove

The Nvidia Quadro M520 is a DirectX 12 (FL 11_0) and OpenGL 4.5-compatible graphics card for mobile workstations. It is a Maxwell-based GPU built on the GM108 chip with 384 shader cores and manufactured in 28 nm by TSMC. That means its similar to the Quadro M500M (DDR3) but uses faster GDDR5 memory. The GeForce 940MX with GDDR5 memory is the consumer variant of the Quadro M520.

The Quadro series offers certified drivers that are optimized for stability and performance in professional applications like CAD or DCC. OpenGL performance, for example, should be significantly better than with GeForce graphics cards of similar specifications.

Architecture

Compared to Kepler, Maxwell has been optimized in several details to increase power efficiency. Smaller Streaming Multiprocessors (SMM) with only 128 ALUs (Kepler: 192) and an optimized scheduler should lead to better utilization of the shaders. Nvidia promises that a Maxwell SMM with 128 ALUs can offer 90% of the performance of a Kepler SMX with 192 ALUs. GM108 features 3 SMMs and thus 384 shader cores, 24 TMUs and 8 ROPs (64-bit interface).

Another optimization is the massively enlarged L2 cache. The larger size can reduce some of the memory traffic to allow for a relatively narrow memory interface without significantly hurting performance.

GM108 supports DirectX 11.2 (feature level 11.0 only) as well as DirectX 12.

Performance

Currently the clock speeds are not known of the M520 variant. They should be similar to the consumer 940 MX with GDDR5. Therefore, the performance should be similar to the Quadro K620M.

Features

The feature set should include support for up to four active displays. High-resolution monitors of up to 3840x2160 pixels can be connected using DisplayPort 1.2 or HDMI 1.4a (HDMI 2.0 not supported). HD-Audio codecs, such as Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD, can be transmitted via bitstream mode through the HDMI port. However, as most laptops will feature Optimus, the integrated GPU will likely have direct control over the display ports and may limit the feature set available by the Nvidia Kepler cards.

Using CUDA or OpenCL, the cores of the Quadro M520 can be used for general calculations.

GM108 integrates the sixth generation of the PureVideo HD video engine (VP6), offering a better decoding performance for H.264 and MPEG-2 videos. Of course, VP6 supports all features of previous generations (4K support, PIP, video encoding via NVENC API).

Power Consumption

The power consumption of the Quadro M520 is rated at 25 Watt TGP (max power consumption including memory and board). That is slightly below the M500M that is rated at 30 Watt. Therefore, the GPU is best suited for laptops 13 - 14-inches in size and above. The M500M also supports Optimus to automatically switch between an integrated graphics card and the Nvidia GPU.

NVIDIA Quadro M5500NVIDIA Quadro 3000MNVIDIA Quadro M520
ManufacturerNVIDIANVIDIANVIDIA
Quadro M Series
Quadro M5500 2048 @ 1139 - 1140 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 6606 MHz
Quadro M5000M 1536 @ 962 - 1051 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M4000M 1280 @ 975 - 1013 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro M3000M 1024 @ 1050 MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M2200 1024 @ 694 - 1038 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5508 MHz
Quadro M1200 640 @ 991 - 1150 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M2000M 640 @ 1038 - 1197 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M1000M 512 @ 993 - 1072 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M620 512 @ 1018 MHz128 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro 5010M 384 @ 450 MHz256 Bit @ 1300 MHz
Quadro 4000M 336 @ 475 MHz256 Bit @ 1200 MHz
Quadro M520 384 @ 756 - 1019 (Boost) MHz64 Bit
Quadro M600M 384 @ 837 - 876 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro M500M 384 @ 1029 - 1124 (Boost) MHz64 Bit @ 4004 MHz
Quadro 5000M 320 @ 405 MHz256 Bit @ 1200 MHz
Quadro 3000M 240 @ 450 MHz256 Bit @ 625 MHz
Quadro 2000M 192 @ 550 MHz128 Bit @ 900 MHz
Quadro 1000M 96 @ 700 MHz128 Bit @ 900 MHz
Quadro M5500 2048 @ 1139 - 1140 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 6606 MHz
Quadro M5000M 1536 @ 962 - 1051 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M4000M 1280 @ 975 - 1013 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro M3000M 1024 @ 1050 MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M2200 1024 @ 694 - 1038 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5508 MHz
Quadro M1200 640 @ 991 - 1150 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M2000M 640 @ 1038 - 1197 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M1000M 512 @ 993 - 1072 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M620 512 @ 1018 MHz128 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro 5010M 384 @ 450 MHz256 Bit @ 1300 MHz
Quadro 4000M 336 @ 475 MHz256 Bit @ 1200 MHz
Quadro M520 384 @ 756 - 1019 (Boost) MHz64 Bit
Quadro M600M 384 @ 837 - 876 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro M500M 384 @ 1029 - 1124 (Boost) MHz64 Bit @ 4004 MHz
Quadro 5000M 320 @ 405 MHz256 Bit @ 1200 MHz
Quadro 3000M 240 @ 450 MHz256 Bit @ 625 MHz
Quadro 2000M 192 @ 550 MHz128 Bit @ 900 MHz
Quadro 1000M 96 @ 700 MHz128 Bit @ 900 MHz
Quadro M5500 2048 @ 1139 - 1140 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 6606 MHz
Quadro M5000M 1536 @ 962 - 1051 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M4000M 1280 @ 975 - 1013 (Boost) MHz256 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro M3000M 1024 @ 1050 MHz256 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M2200 1024 @ 694 - 1038 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5508 MHz
Quadro M1200 640 @ 991 - 1150 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M2000M 640 @ 1038 - 1197 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M1000M 512 @ 993 - 1072 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5000 MHz
Quadro M620 512 @ 1018 MHz128 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro 5010M 384 @ 450 MHz256 Bit @ 1300 MHz
Quadro 4000M 336 @ 475 MHz256 Bit @ 1200 MHz
Quadro M520 384 @ 756 - 1019 (Boost) MHz64 Bit
Quadro M600M 384 @ 837 - 876 (Boost) MHz128 Bit @ 5012 MHz
Quadro M500M 384 @ 1029 - 1124 (Boost) MHz64 Bit @ 4004 MHz
Quadro 5000M 320 @ 405 MHz256 Bit @ 1200 MHz
Quadro 3000M 240 @ 450 MHz256 Bit @ 625 MHz
Quadro 2000M 192 @ 550 MHz128 Bit @ 900 MHz
Quadro 1000M 96 @ 700 MHz128 Bit @ 900 MHz
ArchitectureMaxwellFermiMaxwell
2048 - 240 - 384 -
Core1139 - 1140 (Boost) MHz450 MHz756 - 1019 (Boost) MHz
Memory6606 MHz625 MHz
Bus256 Bit256 Bit64 Bit
MemoryGDDR5GDDR5GDDR5
Max. Memory8192 MB2048 MB1024 MB
nonono
DirectXDirectX 12 (FL 12_1)DirectX 11, 5.0DirectX 12 (FL 11_0), 5.0
Transistors5200 Million
Technology28 nm40 nm28 nm
FeaturesCUDA, 3D Vision, PhysX, GeForce Experience, Surround, GameStream, GPU Boost 2.0, Adaptive Vertical Sync, G-SYNC, SLIOpenGl 4.1, FP32Optimus, PhysX, 3D Vision Pro, nView, Optimus
Size
Introduced04.04.2016 22.02.2011 13.01.2017
CodenameFermi
Shader900 MHz
Manufacturerhttp://www.nvidia.de/object/mobile-works...

3DMark - Time Spy Score 2560x1440
684 Points (5%)
3DMark - Time Spy Graphics 2560x1440
614 Points (4%)
3DMark - Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics Score 1280x720 offscreen
166193 Points (31%)
3DMark - Ice Storm Extreme Graphics 1920x1080
20741 Points (3%)
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Score 1280x720
8544 Points (13%)
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Graphics 1280x720
13394 Points (7%)
3DMark - Fire Strike Score 1920x1080
2139 Points (8%)
3DMark - Fire Strike Graphics 1920x1080
2342 Points (6%)
3DMark - Ice Storm Standard Graphics 1280x720
33703 Points (4%)
3DMark 11 - Performance 1280x720
14413 points (41%)
1742 points (5%)
2884 points (8%)
3DMark 11 - Performance GPU 1280x720
1539 points (3%)
2658 points (5%)
3DMark Vantage
P Result 1280x1024 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
P Result 1280x1024 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
3DMark 06 Standard 1280x1024 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Standard 1280x1024 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Unigine Valley 1.0 - Extreme HD DirectX 1920x1080
11.4 fps (7%)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - DX 11, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
27.9 fps (10%)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - OpenGL, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
28.8 fps (17%)
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - high, Tesselation (normal), DirectX11 1280x1024
39.5 fps (17%)
SPECviewperf 11
Siemens NX 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Siemens NX 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Tcvis 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Tcvis 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
SolidWorks 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
SolidWorks 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Maya 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Maya 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Lightwave 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Lightwave 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Ensight 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Ensight 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Catia 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Catia 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
SPECviewperf 12
Solidworks (sw-03) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Solidworks (sw-03) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Siemens NX (snx-02) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Siemens NX (snx-02) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Showcase (showcase-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Showcase (showcase-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Medical (medical-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Medical (medical-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Maya (maya-04) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Maya (maya-04) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Energy (energy-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Energy (energy-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Creo (creo-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Creo (creo-01) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Catia (catia-04) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
Catia (catia-04) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
3ds Max (3dsmax-05) 1900x1060 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Cinebench R10 Shading 32Bit + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
Shading 32Bit + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64Bit + NVIDIA Quadro 3000M
OpenGL 64Bit + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Cinebench R15
OpenGL 64Bit + NVIDIA Quadro M5500
OpenGL 64Bit + NVIDIA Quadro M520
Ref. Match 64Bit + NVIDIA Quadro M520
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7
T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 1920x1080 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + NVIDIA Quadro M520
GFXBench 3.0 - Manhattan Offscreen OGL off screen
95.4 fps (17%)
GFXBench 3.0 - Manhattan Onscreen OGL on screen
27.3 fps (7%)
GFXBench - Car Chase Offscreen off screen
53.1 fps (13%)
GFXBench - Car Chase Onscreen on screen
11.6 fps (4%)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Room GPUs-only
405 Samples/s (8%)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Sala GPUs-only
708 Samples/s (7%)
ComputeMark v2.1 - Normal, Score 1024x600
2045 Points (7%)
Power Consumption - FurMark 1.19 GPU Stress Test - Power Consumption (external Monitor) 1280x720 *
34.6 Watt (8%)
Power Consumption - The Witcher 3 Power Consumption (external Monitor) ultra 1920x1080 *
43.4 Watt (10%)

Average Benchmarks NVIDIA Quadro M5500 → 100%

Average Benchmarks NVIDIA Quadro 3000M → 94%

Average Benchmarks NVIDIA Quadro M520 → 99%

-
-
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Prey

Prey

2017
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
85.4  fps
med. 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
32.8  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
26.7  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
22  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
38.1  fps
med. 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
14.3  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
12  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
3.6  fps
Quadro M520:
»
For Honor

For Honor

2017
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
64.6  fps
med. 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
23  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
21.9  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
15.9  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
84  fps
med. 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
40  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
22.1  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
6.6  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
72.2  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
52.5  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
21.3  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
17.3  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
183.1  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
120.6  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
49.8  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
32.1  fps
4K 3840x2160
Quadro M520:
13.7  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
56.4  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
43.9  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
33  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
28.2  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
50.8  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
30.4  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
15.2  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
11.7  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
27.2  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
21  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
11.6  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
5.3  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x768
Quadro M520:
23.6  fps
med. 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
14.3  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
12  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
52.2  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
31.8  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
14.8  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
11.2  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
46  fps
med. 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
20  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
18  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
12  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
30  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
21.5  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
13.3  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
11.7  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
94.5  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
60.1  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
31.8  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
22.8  fps
4K 3840x2160
Quadro M520:
8.1  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
78.2  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
48.9  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
22.3  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
19.1  fps
Quadro M520:
»
Anno 2205

Anno 2205

2015
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
60.1  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
36.2  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
17.7  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
7.4  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1366x768
Quadro M520:
135.6  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
108.1  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
54  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
36.7  fps
4K 3840 x 2160
Quadro M520:
11  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
145.6  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
75.1  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
40.5  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
18.7  fps
4K 3840x2160
Quadro M520:
14.7  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
81.1  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
74.2  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
30.4  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
19.6  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
68.2  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
51.7  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
18.3  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
12.2  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
54.6  fps
med. 1344x756
Quadro M520:
32.9  fps
high 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
22.8  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
16.2  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1280x720
Quadro M520:
138.2  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
76.9  fps
high 1366x768
Quadro M520:
64.1  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
24.2  fps
Quadro M520:
»
low 1024x768
Quadro M520:
188.1  fps
med. 1366x768
Quadro M520:
97.9  fps
high 1366x768
Quadro M520:
59.5  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro M520:
28.8  fps
Quadro M520:
»
Fifa 11

Fifa 11

2010
high 1360x768
Quadro 3000M:
206.2  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro 3000M:
127.3  fps
Quadro 3000M:
»
med. 1360x768
Quadro 3000M:
53.8  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro 3000M:
11.5  fps
Quadro 3000M:
»
Risen

Risen

2009
med. 1024x768
Quadro 3000M:
66.7  fps
high 1366x768
Quadro 3000M:
39.6  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro 3000M:
30.4  fps
Quadro 3000M:
»
Need for Speed Shift

Need for Speed Shift

2009
med. 1024x768
Quadro 3000M:
104.8  fps
high 1366x768
Quadro 3000M:
70.9  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro 3000M:
43.3  fps
Quadro 3000M:
»
Colin McRae: DIRT 2

Colin McRae: DIRT 2

2009
med. 1024x768
Quadro 3000M:
113.5  fps
high 1360x768
Quadro 3000M:
71.4  fps
ultra 1920x1080
Quadro 3000M:
40  fps
Quadro 3000M:
»
Anno 1404

Anno 1404

2009
low 1024x768
Quadro 3000M:
187.6  fps
ultra 1280x1024
Quadro 3000M:
52.4  fps
Quadro 3000M:
»
v1.8.1a
Please share our article, every link counts!
> Notebook / Laptop Reviews and News > Benchmarks / Tech > Graphics Card Comparison - Head 2 Head
Redaktion, 2017-09- 8 (Update: 2017-09-11)