AMD Ryzen 7 5700U vs Apple M1 vs Apple M1 Max
AMD Ryzen 7 5700U► remove from comparison
The AMD Ryzen 7 5700U is an APU of the Lucienne product family designed for leaner laptops. The Ryzen features eight Zen 2 cores clocked at 1.8 GHz (base clock speed) to 4.3 GHz (Boost) as well as a Vega 8 iGPU. Thread-doubling SMT tech is enabled in this CPU for up to 16 concurrent processing threads.
In spite of what its name may suggest, Ryzen 7 5700U is not a Zen 3 part, meaning this is a Ryzen 4000 series mobile processor in disguise. Nevertheless, the CPU is manufactured on the modern 7 nm TSMC process and its performance as well as energy efficiency figures are very strong compared to what Intel currently has to offer in this segment.
The Ryzen 7 features 8 MB of Level 3 cache. Its built-in memory controller is designed to work with dual-channel DDR4-3200 or quad-channel LPDDR4-4266 RAM. Unlike the desktop Ryzen 5000 processors, Ryzen 7 5700U does not support PCI-Express 4.0, meaning those speedy NVMe SSDs will be limited to read/write rates of 3.9 GB/s.
The Ryzen gets soldered directly to the motherboard (FP6 socket) and is thus not user-replaceable.
Long-term performance sustainability of a mobile CPU tends to depend heavily on cooling system performance as well as TDP settings of a laptop. That said, Ryzen 7 5700U is one of the fastest U-class CPUs of 2021. As such, a 5700U will outshine any U-class Intel CPU, beating certain H-class Intel processors such as the Intel Core i5-11400H in the process. AMD Zen 2 is a fairly mature architecture, and eight Zen 2 cores are a force to be reckoned with, even at a 15 W TDP.
In addition to its eight CPU cores, Ryzen 7 5700U features the Radeon RX Vega series graphics adapter with 8 CUs (= 512 shaders) running at up to 1,900 MHz. This iGPU trails behind the 96 EU Intel Iris Xe Graphics G7 in synthetic benchmarks, yet its real-world performance is good enough for many games released in 2020 and 2021 at reasonable resolutions (up to Full HD 1080p) and low to medium quality. As the Vega has no VRAM of its own, it is paramount that fast system RAM is used.
The graphics adapter definitely supports UHD 2160p monitors at 60 Hz, and will gladly HW-decode AVC, HEVC and VP9-encoded videos. There is no AV1 support here though.
This Ryzen is manufactured on the 7 nm TSMC process for a very decent energy efficiency. Ryzen 7 5700U has a default TDP of 15 W that can be changed to anywhere between 10 W and 25 W by and OEM. The chip won't look out of place in super-slim laptops of all sizes (with an active cooling solution, if possible) as well as mini-PCs and portable gaming consoles and other fancy things.
Apple M1► remove from comparison
The Apple M1 is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the late 2020 MacBook Air, MacBook Pro 13, and Mac Mini. It offers 8 cores divided in four performance cores and four power-efficiency cores. The big cores offer 192 KB instruction cache, 128 KB data cache, and 12 MB shared L2 cache. According to Apple the performance of these cores should be better than anything on the market (in late 2020). The four efficiency cores are a lot smaller and offer only 128 KB instruction cache, 64 KB data cache, and 4 MB shared cache. The efficiency cores (E cluster) clock with 600 - 2064 MHz, the performance cores (P cluster) with 600 - 3204 MHz.
The M1 is available in two TDP variants, a passive cooled 10 Watt variant for the MacBook Air and an active cooled faster variant for the MacBook Pro 13 and Mac Mini. Those should offer a better-sustained performance according to Apple.
The integrated graphics card in the M1 offers 8 cores (7 cores in the entry MacBook Air) and a peak performance of 2.6 teraflops. Apple claims that it is faster than any other iGPU at the time of announcement.
Furthermore, the SoC integrates a fast 16 core neural engine with a peak performance of 11 TOPS (for AI hardware acceleration), a secure enclave (e.g., for encryption), a unified memory architecture, Thunderbolt / USB 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders.
Apple M1 Max► remove from comparison
The Apple M1 Max is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the late 2021 MacBook Pro 14 and 16-inch models. It offers all 10 cores available in the chip divided in eight performance cores (P-cores with 600 - 3220 MHz) and two power-efficiency cores (E-cores with 600 - 2064 MHz). There is no Turbo Boost for single cores or short burst periods. The cores are similar to the cores in the Apple M1.
The big cores (codename Firestorm) offer 192 KB instruction cache, 128 KB data cache, and 24 MB shared L2 cache (up from 12 MB in the M1). The four efficiency cores (codename Icestorm) are a lot smaller and offer only 128 KB instruction cache, 64 KB data cache, and 4 MB shared cache. CPU and GPU can both use the 48 MB SLC (System Level Cache). The efficiency cores (E cluster) clock with 600 - 2064 MHz, the performance cores (P cluster) with 600 - 3228 MHz.
The unified memory (32 or 64 GB LPDDR5-6400) next to the chip is connected by a 512 bit memory controller (200 GB/s bandwidth) and can be used by the GPU and CPU. This is the main difference to the M1 Pro and the CPU performance is quite similar.
The biggest difference to the M1 Pro is the bigger integrated GPU with 24 or 32 cores (up from 16).
Furthermore, the SoC integrates a fast 16 core neural engine, a secure enclave (e.g., for encryption), a unified memory architecture, Thunderbolt 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders (including two ProRes engines).
The M1 Pro is manufactured in 5 nm at TSMC and integrates 57 billion transistors. The peak power consumption of the chip was advertised around 30W for CPU intensive tasks.
|Model||AMD Ryzen 7 5700U||Apple M1||Apple M1 Max|
|Series||AMD Lucienne (Zen 2, Ryzen 5000)||Apple Apple M-Series||Apple Apple M-Series|
|Codename||Lucienne U (Zen 2)|
|Series: Apple M-Series|
|Clock||1800 - 4300 MHz||2064 - 3200 MHz||<=3220 MHz|
|L1 Cache||512 KB||2 MB||2.9 MB|
|L2 Cache||4 MB||16 MB||28 MB|
|L3 Cache||8 MB||16 MB||48 MB|
|Cores / Threads||8 / 16||8 / 8||10 / 10|
|Technology||7 nm||5 nm||5 nm|
|max. Temp.||105 °C|
|Features||XFR, FMA3, SSE 4.2, AVX2, SMT||ARMv8 Instruction Set||ARMv8 Instruction Set|
|iGPU||AMD Radeon RX Vega 8 (Ryzen 4000) ( - 1900 MHz)||Apple M1 8-Core GPU||Apple M1 Max 32-Core GPU|
|Manufacturer||AMD Lucienne (Zen 2, Ryzen 5000) R7 5700U|
|Transistors||16000 Million||57000 Million|