AMD Ryzen 9 4900H vs AMD Ryzen 7 4980U vs AMD Ryzen 5 4600U
AMD Ryzen 9 4900H► remove from comparison
The AMD Ryzen 9 4900H is a mobile SoC for big laptops based on the Renoir architecture. At the time of announcement in March 2020 it is the fastest model of the 4000H series. The R9 4900H integrates all eight cores based on the Zen 2 microarchitecture. They are clocked at 3.3 (guaranteed base clock) to 4.4 GHz (Turbo) and support SMT / Hyperthreading (16 threads). The chip is manufactured in the modern 7 nm process at TSMC and partly thanks to it AMD advertises a 2x improved performance per Watt for the Renoir chips
According to our information, the Ryzen 9 4900H is only slightly faster than the Ryzen 7 4800H. The CPU is clocked 400 MHz (base +14%) to 200 MHz (boost +5%) higher, but the gains greatly depend on the cooling and TDP settings. Compared to Intel chips, the i9-9980HK top model should be comparable. That means the Ryzen 9 4900H should be able to handle all demanding tasks and gaming.
In addition to the eight CPU cores, the APU also integrates a Radeon RX Vega 8 integrated graphics card with 8 CUs. The dual channel memory controller supports DDR4-3200 and energy efficient LPDDR4-4266 RAM. Furthermore, 12 MB level 3 cache can be found on the chip. See our hub page on the Renoir Processors for more information.
The TDP of the APU is specified at 45 Watt (default). That means the chip is intended for big and relatively heavy laptops.
AMD Ryzen 7 4980U► remove from comparison
The AMD Ryzen 7 4980U is a Renoir family processor designed for certain Microsoft Surface systems. 4980U has eight Zen 2 cores clocked at 2.0 GHz (base clock speed) to 4.4 GHz (Boost) with thread-doubling SMT tech enabled for a total of 16 threads. The chip is manufactured on the modern 7 nm TSMC process and partly thanks to that AMD promises a 2x improvement in performance-per-Watt over Ryzen 3000 series mobile CPUs.
The Zen 2 microarchitecture has brought a sizeable per-thread performance boost compared to the outgoing Zen+ parts. Renoir product family is also the first to introduce 8-core ULV processors to laptop market, keeping power consumption within reasonable limits. This AMD processor family is very impressive from most perspectives. One of the disatvantages to keep in mind is the lack of PCI-Express 4 support, meaning these blazing-fast NVMe SSDs will be limited to 3.9 GB/s tops.
Ryzen 7 4980U is designed to work with quad-channel LPDDR4 memory at up to 4,267 MHz. 8 MB of Level 3 are present in this chip. The Ryzen 7 gets soldered straight to the motherboard (FP6 socket) and is thus not user-replaceable. Please go to our Renoir hub page for more information on the product family.
4980U is the fastest ULV Ryzen 4000 series model. As such, its clock speeds are 200 MHz higher (both the base and Boost) compared to the older Ryzen 7 4800U. We fully expect the new Zen 3 based Ryzen 7 5800U to be even faster thanks to the new architecture. In the meantime, 4980U proves to be nearly as fast as an i7-10870H in multi-core benchmarks while bending the knee to older Intel CPUs, such as the i5-8300H, when under single-thread load.
In addition to its eight CPU cores, the Ryzen 7 also features the Radeon RX Vega 8 graphics adapter with 8 CUs (= 512 shaders) at up to 1,950 MHz. This iGPU is compatible with FreeSync and DirectX 12 and is able to HW-decode AVC, HEVC, VP9-encoded videos (no AV1 support here). Vega 8 is capable of outputting UHD 2160p60 video signal to several monitors and, similar to Intel's Iris Xe (80 EUs), is good enough for a bit of light gaming on the go, provided one is content with sub-1080p resolutions and low/medium quailty presets.
The APU has a 15 W TDP that OEMs are free to change to anywhere between 10 W to 25 W. 4980U is a good fit for ultraportable laptops but is unlikely to play well with passive cooling solutions.
AMD Ryzen 5 4600U► remove from comparison
The AMD Ryzen 5 4600U is a processor for thin and light laptops based on the Renoir architecture. The 4600U integrates six cores based on the Zen 2 microarchitecture. They are clocked at 2.1 (guaranteed base clock) to 4 GHz (Turbo) with SMT / Hyperthreading support (12 threads). The chip is manufactured in the modern 7 nm process at TSMC and partly thanks to it AMD advertises a 2x improved performance per Watt for the Renoir chips.
With two less cores, the Ryzen 5 4600U is clearly slower than the Ryzen 7 4700U and 4800U in multi threaded workloads. However, it should still beat the fastest 15 Watt Ice Lake Intel Core i7-1065G7 (4 cores, 3.9 GHz). Thanks to the 4 GHz Boost clock, the single core performance should be similar. Therefore, the Ryzen 5 4600U is a very fast 15 Watt CPU and clearly faster than the old Ryzen 7 3700U.
In addition to the six CPU cores, the APU also integrates a Radeon RX Vega 6 integrated graphics card with 6 CUs and up to 1500 MHz. The dual channel memory controller supports DDR4-3200 and energy efficient LPDDR4-4266 RAM. Furthermore, 8 MB level 3 cache can be found on the chip. See our hub page on the Renoir Processors for more information.
The TDP of the APU is specified at 15 Watt (default) and can be configured from 10 to 25 Watt by the laptop vendor. That means the chip is intended for thin and light laptops (but with fans).
|Model||AMD Ryzen 9 4900H||AMD Ryzen 7 4980U||AMD Ryzen 5 4600U|
|Series||AMD Renoir (Ryzen 4000 APU)||AMD Renoir (Ryzen 4000 APU)||AMD Renoir (Ryzen 4000 APU)|
|Codename||Renoir (Zen 2)||Renoir (Zen 2)||Renoir (Zen 2)|
|Series: Renoir (Ryzen 4000 APU) Renoir (Zen 2)|
|Clock||3300 - 4400 MHz||2000 - 4400 MHz||2100 - 4000 MHz|
|L1 Cache||512 KB||512 KB||384 KB|
|L2 Cache||4 MB||4 MB||3 MB|
|L3 Cache||8 MB||8 MB||8 MB|
|Cores / Threads||8 / 16||8 / 16||6 / 12|
|TDP||45 Watt||15 Watt||15 Watt|
|Technology||7 nm||7 nm||7 nm|
|max. Temp.||105 °C||105 °C||105 °C|
|Features||XFR, FMA3, SSE 4.2, AVX2, SMT||XFR, FMA3, SSE 4.2, AVX2, SMT||XFR, FMA3, SSE 4.2, AVX2, SMT|
|iGPU||AMD Radeon RX Vega 8 (Ryzen 4000/5000) ( - 1750 MHz)||AMD Radeon RX Vega 8 (Ryzen 4000/5000) ( - 1950 MHz)||AMD Radeon RX Vega 6 (Ryzen 4000/5000) ( - 1500 MHz)|
|Manufacturer||AMD Renoir (Ryzen 4000 APU) R7 4980U||AMD Renoir (Ryzen 4000 APU) R5 4600U|