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Intel Ice Lake: 10nm, fast GPU, and a new architecture

After many years of yearly reiterations of what was basically the same design over and over again, Ice Lake finally contains major architectural improvements over its predecessors, particularly in regard to CPU cores and integrated GPU. Developed and designed over the last four years and manufactured in 10nm in Intel’s Israeli Fab28, the first available Ice Lake chip features four CPU cores and up to 64 GPU units and will only be available as mobile U and Y-series for the time being.

The chip and an addition PCH can be found on two different packages. The more powerful U-series requires more space and is typically rated at 15 to 28 W. The more energy-efficient Y-series is made for smaller notebooks and tablets and therefore fitted onto a smaller overall package. However, given that it is based on the same core design, it features four physical cores as well.

Basically, Intel’s Ice Lake architecture is characterized by three features:

  • First mass-produced 10nm chip by Intel. Cannon Lake can be considered a first test run.
  • New CPU and GPU architecture.
  • Thunderbolt and Wi-Fi 6 partly integrated into chip and/or package.
Three main features of Ice Lake
Three main features of Ice Lake
Ice Lake is going to be referred to as 10th generation Core and offers a variety of new features
Ice Lake is going to be referred to as 10th generation Core and offers a variety of new features

New CPU Architecture: Sunny Cove

In order to improve performance, Intel implemented two separate strategies:

  1. Increase IPC by up to 18%
  2. Implement new instructions functional units for popular and often-used scenarios

In order to increase overall chip performance the pipelines were both widened and deepened, the memory subsystem received an overhaul, and most caches were increased in size. According to Intel the entire architecture was revised. In other words: Ice Lake is more than a minor tweak.

The result is an up to 18% increased IPC (instructions per clock cycle), which Intel determined by running various benchmarks.

This IPC improvement compensates for the fact that Ice Lake runs at lower clock speeds than the optimized-for-high-clock-speeds 14nm++ Whiskey Lake CPUs.

Two strategies for more performance
Two strategies for more performance
New CPU features
New CPU features
Microarchitecture compared to its predecessors
Microarchitecture compared to its predecessors
Sunny Cove microarchitecture diagram
Sunny Cove microarchitecture diagram
IPC according to various benchmarks
IPC according to various benchmarks
SPECint_rate_base2006 single-core performance
SPECint_rate_base2006 single-core performance

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In addition, a number of new instructions as well as functional units for AI / machine learning (DL Boost), cryptography, and compression/decompression have been implemented. Furthermore, AVX-512 is now supported on Ice Lake, which was previously only available in server-class processors. However, in order to benefit from these new instructions, applications will need to implement them first. We thus only expect newly released applications to benefit from this particular architectural improvement.

In addition, Ice Lake is the first processor to support Intel Dynamic Tuning 2.0 with Machine Learning, a technique developed by Intel using machine learning algorithms to determine future CPU core utilization in order to optimize Turbo Boost and apply it more intelligently. A best-case scenario estimates performance improvements of up to 5%.

AI and machine learning benefit from DL Boost (short burst workloads) and VNNI AVX-512 instructions
AI and machine learning benefit from DL Boost (short burst workloads) and VNNI AVX-512 instructions
2x and 2.5x higher AI performance in AIXPRT thanks to DL Boost
2x and 2.5x higher AI performance in AIXPRT thanks to DL Boost
AI, cryptography, and compression features
AI, cryptography, and compression features
Cryptography improvements in detail
Cryptography improvements in detail
Compression and Decompression improvements thanks to VBMI and Bit Algebra instructions
Compression and Decompression improvements thanks to VBMI and Bit Algebra instructions
 

More GPU Power: Integrated Gen 11 GPU

The integrated GPU was heavily modified and upgraded. The unified shaders (aka execution units) have been widened, and the pixels per clock cycle have been doubled in order to increase per-core performance even further. Units with dedicated eDRAM, such as the older Iris SKUs (e.g. Iris Plus 650 or Iris Pro 580) were not yet available at the time of writing. However, the most powerful Iris Plus model has access to 3 MB of L3 cache located in direct proximity to the GPU and 0.5 GB of shared memory.

A maximum performance of up to 1.12 TFLOPS in FP32 and 2.25 TFLOPS in FP16 based on the maximum clock speed of 1.1 GHz and 64 execution units compares nicely to the GeForce MX250’s 1.25 TFLOPS in FP32. Intel also offers GPUs with fewer execution units and therefore a lower peak performance. The slowest GPU is referred to as UHD Graphics and can be found in all CPUs suffixed with G1. So far, we were able to identify three separate GPUs within Intel’s U-series:

In addition to more oomph the new GPUs have also been enhanced to incorporate a new feature called variable rate shading, which enables developers to render less eye-catching areas on-screen to be rendered and shaded in a lower resolution in order to improve performance.

A total of three display pipes are available, each with support for [email protected] Hz. Two of these can be combined in order to drive a single 8K display. The GPU supports the VESA Adaptive Sync standard (aka FreeSync) that synchronizes the display's refresh rate to the game’s frame rate for a smoother gaming experience. This technology can help make lower frame rates seem smoother than they normally would. Another new feature is the FP16 HDR display pipeline, which enables support for HDR10 and Dolby Vision.

The media encoders have been upgraded and are now not only supposed to work faster but also offer better quality. Intel integrated two encoders with support for HEVC and VP9 up to 4K60 10b 4:4:4 or 8K30 10b 4:2:0.

Gen. 11 graphics for gaming
Gen. 11 graphics for gaming
Less-demanding games will even run smoothly in 1080p
Less-demanding games will even run smoothly in 1080p
Display engine, media engine, and push are new features as well
Display engine, media engine, and push are new features as well

On-Chip Thunderbolt

In order to lower costs for integrating Thunderbolt 3 and the upcoming USB 4.0 standard, Intel integrated the necessary controller directly into the SoC. The CPU can provide two or four ports, and all manufacturers have to do is to implement a simple retimer per port as well as a Power Delivery (PD) controller. The Thunderbolt controller is supposed to consume no more than 300 mW of energy under full load and will therefore not expose the power supply or cooling solution to any amount of noticeable additional stress. Y-series chips in particular should benefit greatly from this feature due to their heavily restricted thermal and power budgets.

Thunderbolt 3 consisting of DisplayPort, USB 3, and PCI Express
Thunderbolt 3 consisting of DisplayPort, USB 3, and PCI Express
Currently used external Thunderbolt chips are considered complex, expensive, and energy intensive
Currently used external Thunderbolt chips are considered complex, expensive, and energy intensive
Ice Lake CPUs allow for a simpler integration
Ice Lake CPUs allow for a simpler integration
The SoC contains various components required for Thunderbolt 3
The SoC contains various components required for Thunderbolt 3

Fast Wi-Fi on Package

While not directly on-chip, the Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax CNVi 2) modem is integrated into the on-package PCH (platform controller hub, the artist formerly known as Southbridge) and requires an additional AX201 RF chip.

Intel is thus one of the first manufacturers to support 802.11ax and intends to provide one of the fastest wireless experiences with its Wi-Fi 6 Gig+ feature with support for 160 Hz and OFDMA. Wi-Fi 6 is particularly interesting in networks with a large number of clients.

On-package Wi-Fi improves performance
On-package Wi-Fi improves performance
Parallel connections benefit greatly from Wi-Fi 6
Parallel connections benefit greatly from Wi-Fi 6
Intel's Gig+ brand showcases the optional features 160 Hz and OBSS
Intel's Gig+ brand showcases the optional features 160 Hz and OBSS
Wi-Fi 6 promises a higher performance and more capacity
Wi-Fi 6 promises a higher performance and more capacity

Assessment

While the first Ice Lake chips are not necessarily significantly more powerful regarding CPU performance, the faster GPU, support for Wi-Fi 6, and the integrated Thunderbolt controller are major advantages over their predecessors. In addition, the Y-series benefits from two extra cores. That being said, the new chips will still require proper cooling and integration in order to perform adequately despite their lower power consumption thanks to the modern and slowly maturing 10nm manufacturing process. However, we don’t expect any big surprises in energy efficiency and battery life as Intel conveniently skipped over this aspect in its presentation.

      Model
L2 Cache + L3 CacheTDP (Watt)MHz - TurboCores / ThreadsCinebench R15 CPU Single 64BitCinebench R15 CPU Multi 64BitCinebench R20x264 Pass 1
Intel Core i7-1068G72MB + 8MB152300 ‑ 41004/8
Intel Core i7-1065G72MB + 8MB151300 ‑ 39004/8
177.5n4
745.5n4
1430.5n2
184.9n2
Intel Core i5-1035G72MB + 6MB151200 ‑ 37004/8
Intel Core i5-1035G42MB + 6MB151100 ‑ 37004/8
538
Intel Core i5-1035G12MB + 6MB151000 ‑ 36004/8
Intel Core i7-1060G72MB + 8MB91000 ‑ 38004/8
Intel Core i5-1034G12MB + 6MB15800 ‑ 36004/8
Intel Core i5-1030G72MB + 6MB9800 ‑ 35004/8
Intel Core i5-1030G42MB + 6MB9700 ‑ 35004/8
Intel Core i3-1005G11MB + 4MB151200 ‑ 34002/4
157
406
948
135.2
Intel Core i3-1000G41MB + 4MB91100 ‑ 32002/4
Intel Core i3-1000G11MB + 4MB91100 ‑ 32002/4
(-) * Smaller values are better. / n123 Number of benchmarks for this median value / * Approximate position

Intel Ice Lake

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Intel Xe (via Intel)

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Intel wanted a greater than 2x transistor density for 10nm. (Source: Computerworld)

Intel admits over-ambition led to delays in 10nm chip production but feels Moore's Law is not dead yet

Intel CEO Bob Swan admitted that the company was over-ambitious in its quest to have more transistor density in 10nm than Moore's Law actually postulates. This led to delays in 10nm production and ultimately, the company lagged be...
Vaidyanathan Subramaniam, Sun, 21 Jul 2019 19:34:00 +0200
Will the triple fans keep the Xe as cool as it looks? (Image source: Intel China)

Cold as ice: Intel sets its sights on AMD and NVIDIA with new Xe GPU details, official renders and a 2020 launch

Intel has lifted the lid on its Xe GPUs, revealing what could be one of its consumer desktop cards, along with specifications and proposed release dates. Hardware raytracing on 7 nm chipsets by 2021, anyone?
Alex Alderson, Thu, 27 Jun 2019 17:43:00 +0200
Image via 9to5Mac

New rumor from IHS Markit points to 16-inch MacBook Pro this fall

Recent rumors from analyst group IHS Markit are predicting a 16-inch MacBook Pro. The new device, which is speculated to feature a larger 3072x1920 display from LG, could debut at Apple's fall event this September. The laptop woul...
Sam Medley, Mon, 24 Jun 2019 22:39:00 +0200
Apparently, the 10th generation Core i series will include a mix of architectures. (Image source: Intel)

Intel Core i7-10510U and Core i5-10210U disappoint on Geekbench with lower scores than the Ryzen 7 3700U and Ryzen 5 3500U

Listings for the Core i7-10510U and Core i5-10210U have appeared on Geekbench, although their scores should be no cause of worry for AMD. The chips are outgunned by not only the Ryzen 7 3700U and Ryzen 5 3500U but also the current...
Alex Alderson, Wed, 19 Jun 2019 12:11:00 +0200
Dell's XPS 13 7390 2-in-1 offers a display with 500-nit brightness. (Image source: Dell)

Dell XPS 13 7390 2-in-1 coming in July or August

There has been an update in regard to the release schedule for Dell’s new XPS 13 2-in-1 7390 convertible. It was originally expected to be made available on July 10, but it seems potential purchasers will have to wait a bit longer...
Daniel R Deakin, Wed, 19 Jun 2019 01:52:00 +0200
Sunny Cove is based on a 10nm manufacturing process. (Image source: PCGamer)

Alleged CPU-Z single-core benchmark scores place Intel Sunny Cove CPUs above more-powerful AMD Matisse processors

An image showing supposedly leaked CPU-Z single-core benchmark scores has been shared online that shows Intel’s Sunny Cove core microarchitecture in a very good light. The processors involved in the purported test also include thr...
Daniel R Deakin, Tue, 18 Jun 2019 00:54:00 +0200
Ice Lake SoCs feature Gen 11 GPUs. (Image source: Cnet)

Intel's Ice Lake i7-1065G7 CPU briefly pops up on PassMark and outstrips AMD's new Picasso Ryzen 7 3750H APU

It appears Intel’s Ice Lake generation CPU i7-1065G7 has recently been tested on PassMark and has managed to come up with a noteworthy result. Not only did the processor from the blue team zip past AMD’s power-efficient Ryzen 5 35...
Daniel R Deakin, Mon, 17 Jun 2019 22:38:00 +0200
Intel Ice Lake-U promises up to 1.16x better gaming performance than the AMD Ryzen 7 3700U (Image source: Wikichip.org)

Intel Ice Lake-U promises up to 16 percent better FPS in Overwatch than the AMD Ryzen 7 3700U

The Intel Gen11 GPU is also expected to outperform the Radeon RX Vega 10 by 4 percent and 11 percent in Rocket League and World of Tanks, respectively. Since Ice Lake-U laptops have yet to launch, however, AMD still has the chance...
Allen Ngo, Tue, 11 Jun 2019 00:05:00 +0200
The XPS 13 7390 2-in-1 was just announced at Computex to both fanfare and criticism due to its design choices.

Frank Azor confirms XPS 13 7390 will have soldered SSD, "not very different from smartphones today"

Dell and Alienware VP Frank Azor has confirmed in a tweet that the recently announced XPS 13 7390 2-in-1 will indeed have all its components — particularly its SSD — soldered on, citing the "extremely tight form factor" and compar...
Douglas Black, Tue, 04 Jun 2019 06:52:00 +0200
Snazzy designs and more attention to build quality are becoming more common as laptop OEMs struggle to give consumers more reasons to upgrade outside of performance.

Opinion | Intel and Nvidia's stagnation might be the best thing to happen to notebooks in years

Some people might look at the death of Moore's Law, Intel's 10nm troubles, and Nvidia's highly resistible 2019 mobile-RTX lineup and think that the notebook business is in trouble. I think it might be the best thing that's happene...
Douglas Black, Mon, 03 Jun 2019 15:09:00 +0200
The Dell XPS 13 7390 2-in-1 should be available in August. (Image source: Dell)

Dell's XPS 13 2-in-1 7390 already delayed

Dell’s new 2-in-1 convertible, the XPS 13 7390, could already be delayed. An expected launch date of July 10 was previously stated, but it now seems it could be almost another month before the convertible hits Dell’s online store....
Daniel R Deakin, Mon, 03 Jun 2019 11:01:00 +0200
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> Notebook / Laptop Reviews and News > News > Topics > Ice Lake Architecture: 10 nm, Fast GPU, and Many New Features
Klaus Hinum, 2019-07- 9 (Update: 2019-08- 5)