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Apple M2 vs Apple M1 vs Apple M2 Max

Apple M2

► remove from comparison Apple M2

The Apple M2 is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the late 2022 MacBook Air and, MacBook Pro 13. It offers 8 cores divided in four performance cores and four power-efficiency cores. The big cores offer 192 KB instruction cache, 128 KB data cache, and 16 MB shared L2 cache (up from 12 MB). The four efficiency cores are a lot smaller and offer only 128 KB instruction cache, 64 KB data cache, and 4 MB shared cache. The efficiency cores (E cluster) clock with  up to 2,4 GHz, the performance cores (P cluster) with up to 3,5 GHz and therefore higher than the M1 cores. The architecture should be similar to the A15 (iPhone 13) with Avalanche and Blizzard cores.

The chip features a unified memory architecture for the CPU and GPU cores and supports up to 24 GB LPDDR5-6400 for a bandwidth of up to 100GB/s.

According to Apple, the M2 offers a 18% higher CPU performance at the same power consumption level compared to the Apple M1. In our tests, the MacBook Pro 13 with active cooling was able to reach the 18% in Geekbench Multi. In other benchmarks we measured 12 to 15% gains compared to the M1. Therefore, the performance is now near the M1 Pro with 8 cores. The passively cooled MacBook Air may however suffer from throttling in longer load scenarios.

The integrated graphics card in the M2 offers 8 or 10 cores and a peak performance of 3.6 TFLOPs.

Furthermore, the SoC integrates a fast 16 core neural engine with a peak performance of 16 TOPS (for AI hardware acceleration), a secure enclave (e.g., for encryption), Thunderbolt / USB 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders.

The Apple M2 includes 20 billion transistors (up from the 16 billion of the M1) and is manufactured in the second generation 5nm process at TSMC (most likely N5P). The power consumption is rated at 20W what we also measured under CPU load.

Apple M1

► remove from comparison Apple M1

The Apple M1 is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the late 2020 MacBook Air, MacBook Pro 13, and Mac Mini. It offers 8 cores divided in four performance cores and four power-efficiency cores. The big cores offer 192 KB instruction cache, 128 KB data cache, and 12 MB shared L2 cache. According to Apple the performance of these cores should be better than anything on the market (in late 2020). The four efficiency cores are a lot smaller and offer only 128 KB instruction cache, 64 KB data cache, and 4 MB shared cache. The efficiency cores (E cluster) clock with 600 - 2064 MHz, the performance cores (P cluster) with 600 - 3204 MHz.

The M1 is available in two TDP variants, a passive cooled 10 Watt variant for the MacBook Air and an active cooled faster variant for the MacBook Pro 13 and Mac Mini. Those should offer a better-sustained performance according to Apple.

The integrated graphics card in the M1 offers 8 cores (7 cores in the entry MacBook Air) and a peak performance of 2.6 teraflops. Apple claims that it is faster than any other iGPU at the time of announcement.

Furthermore, the SoC integrates a fast 16 core neural engine with a peak performance of 11 TOPS (for AI hardware acceleration), a secure enclave (e.g., for encryption), a unified memory architecture, Thunderbolt / USB 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders.

The Apple M1 includes 16 billion transistors (up from the 10 billion of the A12Z Bionic and therefore double the amount of a Tiger Lake-U chip like the i7-1185G7) and is manufactured in 5nm at TSMC.

Apple M2 Max

► remove from comparison Apple M2 Max

The Apple M2 Max is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the early 2023 MacBook Pro 14 and 16-inch models. It offers all 12 CPU cores available in the chip divided in eight performance cores (P-cores) and four power-efficiency cores (E-cores). The E-cores clock with up to 3.4 GHz, the P-Cores up to 3.7 GHz (mostly 3.3 GHz in multi-threaded workloads and 3.4 GHz in single threaded).

The big cores (codename Avalanche) offer 192 KB instruction cache, 128 KB data cache, and 36 MB shared L2 cache (up from 24 MB in the M1 Pro). The four efficiency cores (codename Blizzard) are a lot smaller and offer only 128 KB instruction cache, 64 KB data cache, and 4 MB shared cache. CPU and GPU can both use the 49 MB SLC (System Level Cache). 

The unified memory (32, 64, or 96 GB LPDDR5-6400) next to the chip is connected by a 512 Bit memory controller (400 GB/s bandwidth) and can be used by the GPU and CPU.

The CPU performance should be quite similar to the M2 Pro as only the higher memory bandwidth and bigger L3 cache could make a difference for some workloads.

The integrated graphics card in the M1 Max offers a 30-core GPU or a GPU with all 38 cores.

Furthermore, the SoC integrates a fast 16 core neural engine (faster than M1 Max), a secure enclave (e.g., for encryption), a unified memory architecture, Thunderbolt 4 controller, an ISP, and media de- and encoders (including ProRes).

The M2 Max is manufactured in 5 nm at TSMC (second generation) and integrates 40 billion transistors. The power consumption of the CPU part is up to 36 Watt according to powermetrics. When fully loading the CPU and GPU cores, the chip uses up to 89 Watt and the CPU part is limited to 25 Watt.

ModelApple M2Apple M1Apple M2 Max
SeriesApple Apple M2Apple Apple M-SeriesApple Apple M2
Series: Apple M2
Apple M2 Max2.42 - 3.7 GHz12 / 12 cores48 MB L3
Apple M2 Pro2.42 - 3.5 GHz12 / 12 cores24 MB L3
Apple M2 Pro 10-Core2.42 - 3.7 GHz10 / 10 cores24 MB L3
Apple M2 « 2.42 - 3.48 GHz8 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Apple M1 Max2.06 - 3.22 GHz10 / 10 cores48 MB L3
Apple M1 Pro2.06 - 3.22 GHz10 / 10 cores24 MB L3
Apple M1 Pro 8-Core2.06 - 3.22 GHz8 / 8 cores16 MB L3
Apple M1 « 2.06 - 3.22 GHz8 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Apple M2 Max « 2.42 - 3.7 GHz12 / 12 cores48 MB L3
Apple M2 Pro2.42 - 3.5 GHz12 / 12 cores24 MB L3
Apple M2 Pro 10-Core2.42 - 3.7 GHz10 / 10 cores24 MB L3
Apple M22.42 - 3.48 GHz8 / 8 cores8 MB L3
Clock2424 - 3480 MHz2064 - 3220 MHz2424 - 3696 MHz
L1 Cache2 MB2 MB3.3 MB
L2 Cache20 MB16 MB36 MB
L3 Cache8 MB8 MB48 MB
Cores / Threads8 / 88 / 812 / 12
TDP20 Watt79 Watt
Transistors20000 Million16000 Million67000 Million
Technology5 nm5 nm5 nm
FeaturesARMv8 Instruction SetARMv8 Instruction SetARMv8 Instruction Set
iGPUApple M2 10-Core GPU ( - 1398 MHz)Apple M1 8-Core GPUApple M2 Max 38-Core GPU
ArchitectureARMARMARM
Announced
Manufacturerwww.apple.com

Benchmarks

Cinebench 2024 - CB24 CPU Single Core
100%
1 M2 +
121 Points (84%)
91%
1 M1 +
110 Points (76%)
Cinebench 2024 - CB24 CPU Multi Core
100%
1 M2 +
513 Points (10%)
87%
1 M1 +
444 Points (8%)
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Multi Core
100%
M2 +
min: 8517     avg: 8654     median: 8667 (8%)     max: 8772 Points
90%
M1 +
min: 7409     avg: 7728     median: 7800.5 (7%)     max: 7830 Points
min: 14738     avg: 14753     median: 14752.5 (14%)     max: 14767 Points
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Single Core
100%
M2 +
min: 1580     avg: 1595     median: 1585 (67%)     max: 1638 Points
96%
M1 +
min: 1496     avg: 1512     median: 1514.5 (64%)     max: 1520 Points
min: 1625     avg: 1644     median: 1643.5 (70%)     max: 1662 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Single Core)
100%
M2 +
min: 216     avg: 370.8     median: 381 (42%)     max: 446 Points
106%
M1 +
min: 401     avg: 403     median: 402.5 (45%)     max: 406 Points
min: 451     avg: 455.5     median: 455.5 (51%)     max: 460 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Multi Core)
100%
M2 +
min: 2231     avg: 2325     median: 2324 (6%)     max: 2416 Points
90%
M1 +
min: 1863     avg: 2040     median: 2093.5 (5%)     max: 2109 Points
min: 4044     avg: 4065     median: 4064.5 (10%)     max: 4085 Points
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Multi 64 Bit
100%
M2 +
min: 1209.9     avg: 1222     median: 1215 (8%)     max: 1243 Points
88%
M1 +
min: 1020     avg: 1063     median: 1072 (7%)     max: 1087 Points
min: 2074     avg: 2084     median: 2084 (13%)     max: 2094 Points
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Single 64 Bit
100%
M2 +
min: 222     avg: 223.8     median: 223 (67%)     max: 229 Points
93%
M1 +
min: 206     avg: 207.3     median: 208 (63%)     max: 208 Points
min: 233     avg: 236     median: 236 (71%)     max: 239 Points
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Multli Thread 4 runs
100%
1 M1 +
34614 MIPS (20%)
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Single Thread 4 runs
100%
1 M1 +
5441 MIPS (65%)
Blender - Blender 3.3 Classroom CPU *
100%
M2 +
min: 540     avg: 620     median: 619.5 (8%)     max: 702 Seconds
95%
M1 +
964 Seconds (12%)
326 Seconds (4%)
Blender - Blender 2.79 BMW27 CPU *
100%
M2 +
min: 549     avg: 614     median: 597 (4%)     max: 713 Seconds
100%
M1 +
min: 412     avg: 561     median: 561 (4%)     max: 710 Seconds
333 Seconds (2%)
R Benchmark 2.5 - R Benchmark 2.5 *
100%
1 M1 +
0.7 sec (16%)
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited Physics
100%
1 M1 +
2711 Points (32%)
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot (ES 3.0) Unlimited Physics
100%
1 M1 +
min: 1956     avg: 3137     median: 3136.5 (36%)     max: 4317 Points
Geekbench 6.2 - Geekbench 6.2 Single-Core
100%
M2 +
min: 2593     avg: 2622     median: 2621.5 (80%)     max: 2650 Points
90%
M1 +
2363 Points (72%)
2692 Points (82%)
Geekbench 6.2 - Geekbench 6.2 Multi-Core
100%
M2 +
min: 10034     avg: 10064     median: 10063.5 (40%)     max: 10093 Points
86%
M1 +
8622 Points (34%)
14863 Points (59%)
Geekbench 5.5 - Geekbench 5.1 - 5.4 64 Bit Single-Core
100%
M2 +
min: 1890     avg: 1918     median: 1917 (81%)     max: 1953 Points
90%
M1 +
min: 1710     avg: 1729     median: 1730 (73%)     max: 1745 Points
min: 1965     avg: 1970     median: 1967 (83%)     max: 1978 Points
Geekbench 5.5 - Geekbench 5.1 - 5.4 64 Bit Multi-Core
100%
M2 +
min: 8491     avg: 8839     median: 8961 (16%)     max: 8994 Points
85%
M1 +
min: 7034     avg: 7501     median: 7578 (14%)     max: 7710 Points
min: 15348     avg: 15388     median: 15373 (28%)     max: 15444 Points
Mozilla Kraken 1.1 - Kraken 1.1 Total Score *
100%
M2 +
min: 440     avg: 452.4     median: 450.9 (1%)     max: 466.8 ms
100%
M1 +
min: 418     avg: 473.8     median: 483 (1%)     max: 516 ms
min: 430.2     avg: 437.2     median: 437.2 (1%)     max: 444.2 ms
Sunspider - Sunspider 1.0 Total Score *
100%
1 M1 +
min: 65.2     avg: 75.9     median: 76.4 (1%)     max: 86.1 ms
Octane V2 - Octane V2 Total Score
100%
M2 +
min: 72484     avg: 74097     median: 74614 (67%)     max: 75776 Points
84%
M1 +
min: 62055     avg: 63340     median: 62589.5 (56%)     max: 66974 Points
min: 76610     avg: 77676     median: 77676 (70%)     max: 78742 Points
WebXPRT 4 - WebXPRT 4 Score
100%
M2 +
min: 223     avg: 235.5     median: 226.5 (65%)     max: 256 Points
83%
M1 +
189 Points (54%)
min: 258     avg: 259     median: 259 (74%)     max: 260 Points
WebXPRT 3 - WebXPRT 3 Score
100%
M2 +
min: 342     avg: 369.1     median: 377 (79%)     max: 387 Points
74%
M1 +
min: 216     avg: 266.3     median: 280.5 (58%)     max: 304 Points
min: 402     avg: 404.5     median: 404.5 (84%)     max: 407 Points
AnTuTu v8 - AnTuTu v8 UX
100%
1 M1 +
min: 104389     avg: 105297     median: 105297 (88%)     max: 106205 Points
AnTuTu v8 - AnTuTu v8 MEM
100%
1 M1 +
min: 110874     avg: 111266     median: 111266 (90%)     max: 111658 Points
AnTuTu v8 - AnTuTu v8 GPU
100%
1 M1 +
min: 533978     avg: 539206     median: 539206 (99%)     max: 544434 Points
AnTuTu v8 - AnTuTu v8 CPU
100%
1 M1 +
min: 267169     avg: 271808     median: 271808 (98%)     max: 276446 Points
AnTuTu v8 - AnTuTu v8 Total Score
100%
1 M1 +
min: 1017190     avg: 1027580     median: 1027580 (99%)     max: 1037960 Points
Antutu v9 - AnTuTu v9 Total Score
100%
1 M2 +
min: 1257990     avg: 1337360     median: 1337360 (81%)     max: 1416730 Points
83%
1 M1 +
min: 1040910     avg: 1113810     median: 1113810 (67%)     max: 1186710 Points
Antutu v9 - AnTuTu v9 CPU
100%
1 M2 +
min: 294643     avg: 298254     median: 298254 (82%)     max: 301865 Points
85%
1 M1 +
min: 244643     avg: 254253     median: 254252 (70%)     max: 263862 Points
CrossMark - CrossMark Overall
100%
M2 +
min: 1496     avg: 1533     median: 1520 (58%)     max: 1585 Points
84%
M1 +
min: 1266     avg: 1301     median: 1283 (49%)     max: 1355 Points
min: 1759     avg: 1835     median: 1834.5 (70%)     max: 1910 Points
Power Consumption - Cinebench R15 Multi Power Consumption - external Monitor *
100%
1 M2 +
29 Watt (5%)
100%
1 M1 +
27.2 Watt (5%)
92%
1 M2 Max +
72.8 Watt (13%)
Power Consumption - Geekbench 5.5 Power Consumption 150cd *
100%
1 M2 +
min: 9.08     avg: 9.4     median: 9.4 (4%)     max: 9.71 Watt
100%
1 M1 +
min: 8.23     avg: 8.7     median: 8.5 (4%)     max: 9.49 Watt
Power Consumption - Idle Power Consumption - external Monitor *
100%
1 M2 +
min: 2.03     avg: 2.6     median: 2.4 (2%)     max: 3.98 Watt
100%
1 M1 +
3 Watt (2%)
95%
1 M2 Max +
9.2 Watt (6%)
Power Consumption - Idle Power Consumption 150cd 1min *
100%
1 M2 +
min: 2.32     avg: 4.1     median: 4.7 (5%)     max: 5.32 Watt
102%
1 M1 +
min: 2.29     avg: 2.9     median: 3.1 (3%)     max: 3.22 Watt
Power Consumption - Cinebench R15 Multi Power Efficiency - external Monitor
100%
1 M2 +
42.4 Points per Watt (32%)
88%
1 M1 +
37.5 Points per Watt (28%)
67%
1 M2 Max +
28.5 Points per Watt (21%)

Average Benchmarks Apple M2 → 100% n=17

Average Benchmarks Apple M1 → 90% n=17

Average Benchmarks Apple M2 Max → 125% n=17

- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

v1.26
log 17. 02:07:26

#0 checking url part for id 14521 +0s ... 0s

#1 checking url part for id 12937 +0s ... 0s

#2 checking url part for id 14975 +0s ... 0s

#3 not redirecting to Ajax server +0s ... 0s

#4 did not recreate cache, as it is less than 5 days old! Created at Tue, 16 Apr 2024 05:37:29 +0200 +0.001s ... 0.001s

#5 composed specs +0.036s ... 0.037s

#6 did output specs +0s ... 0.037s

#7 getting avg benchmarks for device 14521 +0.003s ... 0.04s

#8 got single benchmarks 14521 +0.017s ... 0.057s

#9 getting avg benchmarks for device 12937 +0.003s ... 0.059s

#10 got single benchmarks 12937 +0.018s ... 0.077s

#11 getting avg benchmarks for device 14975 +0.003s ... 0.08s

#12 got single benchmarks 14975 +0.011s ... 0.091s

#13 got avg benchmarks for devices +0s ... 0.091s

#14 min, max, avg, median took s +0.18s ... 0.27s

#15 return log +0s ... 0.271s

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Redaktion, 2017-09- 8 (Update: 2023-07- 1)