PiNAS: Make your Raspberry Pi into an affordable NAS
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Off the bat, we should point out that the PiNAS is not an off the shelf unit. Instead, you must feel comfortable soldering, using a glue gun and have access to a 3D printer or a 3D printing service.
If you are still with us, then the PiNAS comes from AraymBox, a member of Instructables. In short, PiNAS allows you to turn a Raspberry Pi into a NAS with two drive bays. According to AraymBox, the PiNAS supports the Raspberry Pi 2 and Raspberry 3. The project supports the Raspberry Pi 4 too, but some minor adjustments are needed to get the SBC working with the PiNAS.
According to the guide, you will need a microSD card, a micro USB breakout port and two SATA to USB adapters to create the PiNAS. A power supply, numerous screws and nuts, a Raspberry Pi and two 2.5-inch drives are needed too. You can download the full instruction set and parts list from here.
The PiNAS can support Wi-Fi too if you would rather not use a wired connection. The build looks easy to maintain or upgrade. Incidentally, the PiNAS leaves two of the Raspberry Pi's four USB Type-A ports free, allowing you to connect external peripherals.