Intel Core i7-7920HQ vs Intel Core i3-7130U vs Intel Celeron 3965Y
Intel Core i7-7920HQ► remove from comparison
The Intel Core i7-7920HQ is a fast quad-core processor for notebooks based on the Kaby Lake architecture and was announced in January 2017. It is the top model of the consumer series at the time of the announcement. Only the Xeon E3-1535M v6 is faster (100 - 200 MHz higher Turbo clocks). Besides four cores including Hyper-Threading support running at 3.1-4.1 GHz (4 cores up to 3.7 GHz, 2 cores up to 3.9 GHz), the processor is also equipped with the HD Graphics 630 GPU as well as a dual-channel memory controller (DDR3L-1600/DDR4-2400). It is manufactured in a 14nm process with FinFET transistors.
Intel basically uses the same micro architecture compared to Skylake, so the per-MHz performance does not differ. The manufacturer only reworked the Speed Shift technology for faster dynamic adjustments of voltages and clocks, and the improved 14nm process allows much higher frequencies combined with better efficiency than before.
The performance is a bit higher compared to the Skylake predecessor Core i7-6920HQ (2.9-3.8 GHz) thanks to slightly higher clocks (up to 7.9%), so it is the fastest mobile consumer processor in the beginning of 2017 (mobile Xeon E5-1535M v6 has even higher Turbo clocks). The performance is sufficient even for very demanding tasks and on par with powerful desktop quad-core processors.
The integrated Intel HD Graphics 630 has 24 Execution Units (similar to previous HD Graphics 530) running at 350 - 1100 MHz. The performance depends a lot on the memory configuration; it should be comparable to a dedicated Nvidia GeForce 920M in combination with fast DDR4-2133 dual-channel memory.
Contrary to Skylake, Kaby Lake now supports hardware decoding for H.265/HEVC Main 10 with a 10-bit color depth as well as Google's VP9 codec. The dual-core Kaby Lake processors, which were announced in January, should also support HDCP 2.2.
The chip is manufactured in an improved 14nm process with FinFET transistors, which improves the efficiency even further. Intel still specifies the TDP with 45 Watts, but it can also be reduced to 35 Watts by the notebook manufacturers (cTDP down). This will obviously affect the performance, because the Turbo Boost cannot be maintained for longer periods.
Intel Core i3-7130U► remove from comparison
The Intel Core i3-7100U is a dual-core processor of the Kaby-Lake architecture. It offers two CPU cores clocked at 2.7 GHz (without Turbo Boost) and integrates HyperThreading to work with up to 4 threads at once. The architectural differences are rather small compared to the Skylake generation, therefore the performance per MHz should be very similar. The SoC includes a dual channel DDR4 memory controller and Intel HD Graphics 620 graphics adapter (clocked at 300 MHz to 1,000 MHz). It is manufactured on improved 14 nm Intel process with FinFETs.
The average 7130U in our database only just matches Intel Core i5-4310U, a dual-core CPU of similar energy efficiency that got released in 2014, in multi-thread performance. While not as horribly slow as an Intel Celeron, this Core i3 is unlikely to make a power user happy, being a pretty basic option overall.
This Core i3 has a default TDP, also known as the long-term power limit, of 15 W. Laptop manufacturers are allowed to significantly reduce that value (7.5 W being the lower limit) resulting in lower clock speeds and lower performance. Last but not the least, i3-7130U is manufactured on a very old, as of late 2022, 14 nm Intel process for subpar energy efficiency.
Intel Celeron 3965Y► remove from comparison
The Intel Celeron 3965Y is a low power entry level processor for small laptops or tablets and based on the Kaby Lake architecture. It was announced in Q2 2017 and offers two processor cores clocked at 1.5 GHz (no Turbo Boost). Compared to the Pentium 4410Y, the Celeron 3965Y offers no HyperThreading and therefore can execute only up to two threads simultaneously. The chips also includes the Intel HD Graphics 615 GPU, a dual-channel memory controller (DDR3L/LPDDR3) as well as VP9 and H.265 video de- and encoder. It is still produced in a 14 nm process with FinFET transistors. Currently (2017) it is the slowest Kaby-Lake based processor.
Intel basically used the familiar micro architecture from the Skylake generation, so the per-MHz performance is identical. Only the Speed-Shift technology for faster dynamic adjustments of the voltages and clocks was improved, and the matured 14 nm process now also enables much higher frequencies and better efficiency than before.
Due to the missing HyperThreading, the Celeron 3965Y is slightly slower than the similar clocked Pentium 4410Y in some multi threaded benchmarks. The single thread performance is due to the missing Turbo Boost significantly worse than the more expensive Core m3-7Y30. This should be noticeable in daily tasks.
The integrated Intel HD Graphics 615 GPU has 24 Execution Units (EUs) like the old HD Graphics 515 and runs with clocks between 300 and 850 MHz in combination with this processor. The performance heavily depends on the TDP limit as well as the memory configuration; with fast LPDDR3-1866 RAM in dual-channel mode, the GPU should sometimes be able to compete with the HD Graphics 520, but can also be much slower in other scenarios. Modern games from 2016 will, if at all, only run smoothly in the lowest settings.
Contrary to Skylake, Kaby Lake now also supports hardware decoding for H.265/HEVC Main10 with a 10-bit color depth as well as Google's VP9 codec.
The chip is manufactured in an improved 14 nm process with FinFET transistors, so the power efficiency was once again improved significantly. The TDP is rated at 6 Watt and can be reduced to 4,5 Watt (cTDP down).
|Model||Intel Core i7-7920HQ||Intel Core i3-7130U||Intel Celeron 3965Y|
|Series||Intel Kaby Lake||Intel Kaby Lake||Intel Kaby Lake|
|Codename||Kaby Lake||Kaby Lake||Kaby Lake|
|Series: Kaby Lake Kaby Lake|
|Clock||3100 - 4100 MHz||2700 MHz||1500 MHz|
|L1 Cache||256 KB||128 KB||128 KB|
|L2 Cache||1 MB||512 KB||512 KB|
|L3 Cache||8 MB||3 MB||2 MB|
|Cores / Threads||4 / 8||2 / 4||2 / 2|
|TDP||45 Watt||15 Watt||6 Watt|
|Technology||14 nm||14 nm||14 nm|
|max. Temp.||100 °C||100 °C||100 °C|
|Features||Dual-Channel DDR4 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI||Dual-Channel DDR4 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI||Dual-Channel DDR3L-1600/LPDDR3-1866 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI, TXT|
|iGPU||Intel HD Graphics 630 (300 - 1150 MHz)||Intel HD Graphics 620 (300 - 1000 MHz)||Intel HD Graphics 615 (300 - 850 MHz)|
|Manufacturer||Intel Kaby Lake i3-7130U||Intel Kaby Lake Celeron 3965Y|