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Intel Core i5-1240P vs Intel Core i7-1280P vs Intel Core i9-12900HK

Intel Core i5-1240P

► remove from comparison Intel i5-1240P

The Intel Core i5-1240P is a mid-range Alder Lake-P family SoC designed for use in ultra-light, ultra-thin (yet actively cooled) laptops. It was announced in early 2022 and it has 4 performance cores as opposed to the 6 cores of the top-of-the-line i7-1280P (P-cores, Golden Cove architecture) mated to 8 efficient cores (E-cores, Gracemont architecture). The i5's P-cores are Hyper-Threading-enabled for a total of 16 threads when combined with its E-cores. The clock speeds range from 1.7 GHz to 4.4 GHz for the performance cluster and 1.2 GHz to 3.3 GHz for the efficient cluster. The shortcomings of this processor as compared with the slightly faster Core i5-1250P include the slightly lower iGPU clock speed and the limited vPro feature set ("Essentials" tier only, not allowing for remote device management).

Architecture

The i5 is a continuation of Intel's efforts to use the ARM-developed big.LITTLE technology for its own benefit. A single "little" Alder Lake core is supposed to be as fast as a Skylake core (as found in the venerable Core i7-6700HQ among other options) which is six years old at this point. All of Core i5-1240P's CPU cores enjoy access to 12 MB of L3 cache. The integrated memory controller supports various memory types up to LPDDR5-5200, DDR5-4800, LPDDR4x-4267 or DDR4-3200; Intel recommends using no more than 64 GB of RAM, for reference. Just like the other 12th Gen Intel Core processors, this Core i5 comes with the Thread Director which is a new functionality designed to help Windows 11 decide which cores to use for what workload for best performance and efficiency possible. Hardware acceleration of AI algorithms is supported via GNA 3.0 and DL Boost (via AVX2). PCI-Express 5.0 support has not found its way into Alder Lake P processors, so users will have to be content with PCI-Express 4.0 for the time being. Four PCI-Express 4 lanes allow for a read/write rate of up to 7.9 GB/s, provided a suitably fast NVMe SSD is used.

Please note this is not a user-replaceable CPU. It gets soldered permanently on to the motherboard (FCBGA1744 socket interface).

Performance

The 12 CPU cores are not just able to outperform any quad-core Tiger Lake part, Core i7-1195G7 and Core i7-11375H included. Provided the Power Limits are high enough and the cooling solution is a good one, an i5-1240P will come reasonably close to what an i7-11600H can muster. Better yet, the i5 can be almost as fast as top-end Ryzen 5000 and Ryzen 6000 U-class processors. As stated earlier, it all comes down to whether a laptop can keep the CPU well-cooled or not and whether the long-term Power Limit is high enough (> 30 W) or not.

Graphics

The built-in graphics adapter in the form of the 80 EU Iris Xe running at up to 1.3 GHz has seen little change from what was built into certain Tiger Lake-UP3 processors, like an i5-1135G7, which is hardly a downside as this iGPU is loaded with modern features such as AV1 video decoding capability and SUHD 4320p monitor support. You can use up to 4 monitors simultaneously with this GPU, provided the laptop has the outputs required. The Xe isn't a stranger to a bit of casual gaming; that said, your mileage may vary depending on how high the Power Limits are and how capable the cooling solution of a laptop is. Expect something close to NVIDIA's MX250 or in other words, acceptable framerates in most games when playing at 1080p / Low settings. Fast RAM is a prerequisite for decent performance as the Iris Xe has to make do with no dedicated video memory.

Power Consumption

The i5's base power (also known as the default TDP value or Power Limit 1) is 28 W; its maximum Intel-recommended Turbo power (also known as the PL2) sits at 64 W. This processor is manufactured on Intel's third-gen 10 nm process marketed as Intel 7 for an OK energy efficiency - on paper, that is. The tests we did proved that Intel's way to close the performance gap with AMD's Ryzen 5000 processors entails some seriously high power consumption figures where a single P-core can consume more than 20 W. AMD's Ryzen 5000 chips are not nearly as power-hungry, and Apple's M1-series processors can be several times more efficient while upholding a similarly high performance bar.

Intel Core i7-1280P

► remove from comparison Intel i7-1280P

The Intel Core i7-1280P is the flagship Alder Lake-P CPU, which is to say, an expensive 28 W part meant for use in ultra-light (yet actively cooled) laptops. This CPU was announced in early 2022 and it has 6 performance cores (P-cores, Golden Cove architecture) mated to 8 efficient cores (E-cores, Gracemont architecture). The P-cores are Hyper-Threading-enabled for whopping 20 threads when combined with the E-cores. The clock speeds range from 1.8 GHz to 4.8 GHz for the performance cluster and 1.3 GHz to 3.6 GHz for the efficiency cluster. This is the only hexa-core 28 W Alder Lake CPU as of February 2022, trumping what the more affordable i7-1270P and i7-1260P have in store. Full vPro feature set is supported by this Core i7 ("Enterprise" tier, allowing for remote device management).

Architecture

The i7 is a continuation of Intel's efforts to use the ARM-developed big.LITTLE technology for its own benefit. A single "little" Alder Lake core is supposed to be just as fast as a Skylake core (as found in the venerable Core i7-6700HQ among other options) which is six years old at this point. All of a Core i7-1280P's CPU cores enjoy access to 24 MB of L3 cache. The integrated memory controller supports up to 64 GB of LPDDR5-5200, DDR5-4800, LPDDR4x-4267 or DDR4-3200 RAM. Just like the other 12th Gen Intel Core processors, Core i7-1280P comes with Thread Director which is a new functionality designed to help Windows 11 decide which cores to use for what workload for best performance and efficiency possible. Hardware acceleration of AI algorithms is supported via GNA 3.0 and DL Boost (via AVX2). PCI-Express 5.0 support has not found its way into Alder Lake P processors, so users will have to be content with PCI-Express 4.0 for the time being. Four PCI-Express 4 lanes allow for a read/write rate of up to 7.9 GB/s, provided a suitably fast NVMe SSD is used.

Please note this is not a user-replaceable CPU. It gets soldered permanently on to the motherboard (BGA1744 socket interface).

Performance

Multi-thread performance is most comparable to AMD Ryzen 9 5900HS, Ryzen 9 PRO 6950HS, Intel Core i9-11980HK. Which is impressive but comes with a catch; long-term performance sustainanility will be rather poor unless the Power Limits are very high and the cooling solution is a truly capable one.

Graphics

The built-in graphics adapter in the form of the 96 EU Iris Xe running at up to 1.45 GHz has seen no change from what was built into the 11th Gen Tiger Lake-UP3 processors, like a i7-1165G7, which is hardly a downside as this iGPU is loaded with modern features such as AV1 video decoding capability and SUHD 4320p monitor support. An Iris Xe Graphics G7 will let you use up to 4 monitors simultaneously, provided the laptop has the ports required.

The graphics adapter will let you play most games at 1080p / Medium settings to be very close to NVIDIA's MX350.

That being said, the Xe's gaming performance is bound to be tied to how high the Power Limits and how competent the cooling solution of a laptop are. Fast RAM is a prerequisite for decent performance as well (the Iris Xe has to make do with no dedicated video memory).

Last but not the least, we discovered that the GPU utilization when playing YouTube UHD 2160p60 videos is higher than it was with Tiger Lake chips.

Power Consumption

The i7's base power (also known as the default TDP value or PL1) is 28 W, with 64 W being its maximum Intel-recommended Turbo Power (also known as the PL2). The "Minimum Assured" power consumption value is fairly high at 20 watts.

Core i7-1280P is built with Intel's third-gen 10 nm process marketed as Intel 7 for an OK energy efficiency - on paper, that is. The tests we did proved that Intel's way to close the performance gap with AMD's Ryzen 5000 processors entails some seriously high power consumption figures where a single P-core eats more than 20 W and even asks for more. AMD's Ryzen 5000 chips are not nearly as power-hungry, and Apple's M1-series processors can be several times more efficient while upholding a similarly high performance bar.

Intel Core i9-12900HK

► remove from comparison Intel i9-12900HK

The Intel Core i9-12900HK is a high-end mobile CPU for laptops based on the Alder Lake architecture. It was announced in early 2022 and offers 6 performance cores (P-cores, Golden Cove architecture) and 8 efficient cores (E-cores, Gracemont architecture). The P-cores support Hyper-Threading leading to 20 supported threads when combined with the E-cores. The clock rate ranges from 2.5 to 5 GHz on the performance cluster and 1.8 to 3.8 GHz on the efficiency cluster. The performance of the E-cores should be similar to old Skylake cores (compare with the Core i7-6920HQ). All cores can use up to 24 MB L3 cache. As a K-variant, the CPU offers an open multiplicator and therefore the possibility to overclock the CPU cores. Compared to the similar i9-12900H, the 12900HK only offers the "Essentials" features of vPro.

Performance

The average 12900HK in our database nearly matches Intel Core i7-12700H, Core i9-12900H and also AMD Ryzen 9 6900HX in multi-thread performance. While not the best bang for the back, this is a very, very fast CPU. As such, it is good for any use scenario in 2022 and this will continue to be the case for the next two years, at least.

Features

The integrated memory controller supports various memory types up to DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200, LPDDR5-5200, and LPDDR4x-4267. The Thread Director (in hardware) can support the operating system to decide which thread to use on the performance or efficient cores for the best performance. For AI tasks, the CPU also integrates GNA 3.0 and DL Boost (via AVX2). Quick Sync in version 8 is the same as in the Rocket Lake CPUs and supports MPEG-2, AVC, VC-1 decode, JPEG, VP8 decode, VP9, HEVC, and AV1 decode in hardware. The CPU only supports PCIe 4.0 (x8 for a GPU and two x4 for SSDs).

The integrated graphics card is based on the Xe-architecture and offers 96 EUs (Execution Units) operating at up to 1.45 GHz.

The CPU is rated at 45 W base power (115 W PL2) but most laptops will use a PL1 of around 60 Watt. The SoC is manufactured in a 10nm process at Intel, which is known as Intel 7.

ModelIntel Core i5-1240PIntel Core i7-1280PIntel Core i9-12900HK
SeriesIntel Alder Lake-PIntel Alder Lake-PIntel Alder Lake-P
CodenameAlder Lake-PAlder Lake-PAlder Lake-P
Series: Alder Lake-P Alder Lake-P
Intel Core i9-12900HK1.8 - 5 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i9-12900H1.8 - 5 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i7-12800H1.8 - 4.8 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i7-12650H1.7 - 4.7 GHz10 / 1624 MB
Intel Core i5-12600H2 - 4.5 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i5-12500H1.8 - 4.5 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i7-1280P1.3 - 4.8 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i5-12450H1.5 - 4.4 GHz8 / 1212 MB
Intel Core i7-1270P1.6 - 4.8 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i7-1260P1.5 - 4.7 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i5-1250P1.2 - 4.4 GHz12 / 1612 MB
» Intel Core i5-1240P1.2 - 4.4 GHz12 / 1612 MB
Intel Core i3-1220P1.1 - 4.4 GHz10 / 1212 MB
Intel Core i9-12900HK1.8 - 5 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i9-12900H1.8 - 5 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i7-12800H1.8 - 4.8 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i7-12650H1.7 - 4.7 GHz10 / 1624 MB
Intel Core i5-12600H2 - 4.5 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i5-12500H1.8 - 4.5 GHz12 / 1618 MB
» Intel Core i7-1280P1.3 - 4.8 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i5-12450H1.5 - 4.4 GHz8 / 1212 MB
Intel Core i7-1270P1.6 - 4.8 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i7-1260P1.5 - 4.7 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i5-1250P1.2 - 4.4 GHz12 / 1612 MB
Intel Core i5-1240P1.2 - 4.4 GHz12 / 1612 MB
Intel Core i3-1220P1.1 - 4.4 GHz10 / 1212 MB
» Intel Core i9-12900HK1.8 - 5 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i9-12900H1.8 - 5 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i7-12800H1.8 - 4.8 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i7-12650H1.7 - 4.7 GHz10 / 1624 MB
Intel Core i5-12600H2 - 4.5 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i5-12500H1.8 - 4.5 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i7-1280P1.3 - 4.8 GHz14 / 2024 MB
Intel Core i5-12450H1.5 - 4.4 GHz8 / 1212 MB
Intel Core i7-1270P1.6 - 4.8 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i7-1260P1.5 - 4.7 GHz12 / 1618 MB
Intel Core i5-1250P1.2 - 4.4 GHz12 / 1612 MB
Intel Core i5-1240P1.2 - 4.4 GHz12 / 1612 MB
Intel Core i3-1220P1.1 - 4.4 GHz10 / 1212 MB
Clock1200 - 4400 MHz1300 - 4800 MHz1800 - 5000 MHz
L1 Cache1.1 MB1.2 MB1.2 MB
L2 Cache10 MB11.5 MB11.5 MB
L3 Cache12 MB24 MB24 MB
Cores / Threads12 / 1614 / 2014 / 20
TDP28 Watt28 Watt45 Watt
Technology10 nm10 nm10 nm
max. Temp.100 °C100 °C100 °C
SocketFCBGA1744FCBGA1744FCBGA1744
FeaturesThread DirectorThread DirectorThread Director
iGPUIntel Iris Xe Graphics G7 80EUs ( - 1300 MHz)Intel Iris Xe Graphics G7 96EUs ( - 1450 MHz)Intel Iris Xe Graphics G7 96EUs ( - 1450 MHz)
Architecturex86x86x86
Announced
ManufacturerIntel Alder Lake-P i5-1240PIntel Alder Lake-P i7-1280P

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - CB R15 + R20 + 7-Zip + X265 + Blender + 3DM11 CPU - i5-1240P
43.2 pt (51%)
Performance Rating - CB R15 + R20 + 7-Zip + X265 + Blender + 3DM11 CPU - i7-1280P
52.9 pt (62%)
Performance Rating - CB R15 + R20 + 7-Zip + X265 + Blender + 3DM11 CPU - i9-12900HK
61.8 pt (73%)
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Multi Core
min: 1780     avg: 7219     median: 6763 (11%)     max: 11266 Points
min: 8632     avg: 11358     median: 11480 (19%)     max: 13504 Points
min: 4796     avg: 16342     median: 18373 (30%)     max: 19282 Points
Cinebench R23 - Cinebench R23 Single Core
min: 640     avg: 1353     median: 1420 (70%)     max: 1685 Points
min: 1615     avg: 1682     median: 1663 (82%)     max: 1787 Points
min: 819     avg: 1686     median: 1673 (82%)     max: 1940 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Single Core)
min: 251     avg: 517     median: 571 (73%)     max: 646 Points
min: 622     avg: 642     median: 624 (79%)     max: 701 Points
min: 316     avg: 636     median: 643 (82%)     max: 739 Points
Cinebench R20 - Cinebench R20 CPU (Multi Core)
min: 763     avg: 2788     median: 2953 (13%)     max: 4208 Points
min: 3283     avg: 4523     median: 4741 (20%)     max: 5281 Points
min: 1828     avg: 6226     median: 7040 (30%)     max: 7366 Points
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Multi 64 Bit
min: 407.2     avg: 1354     median: 1504 (15%)     max: 1831 Points
095190285380475570665760855950104511401235133014251520161517101805Tooltip
min: 1905     avg: 2048     median: 2084.5 (21%)     max: 2119 Points
01102203304405506607708809901100121013201430154016501760187019802090Tooltip
min: 965     avg: 2445     median: 2836 (29%)     max: 2944 Points
01503004506007509001050120013501500165018001950210022502400255027002850Tooltip
Cinebench R15 - Cinebench R15 CPU Single 64 Bit
min: 91.8     avg: 184.1     median: 199.7 (62%)     max: 243 Points
min: 229     avg: 240.5     median: 237.5 (73%)     max: 258 Points
min: 119     avg: 241.4     median: 242 (75%)     max: 279 Points
Cinebench R11.5 - Cinebench R11.5 CPU Multi 64 Bit
22.1 Points (41%)
25.2 Points (46%)
33 Points (61%)
Cinebench R11.5 - Cinebench R11.5 CPU Single 64 Bit
2.9 Points (9%)
3.1 Points (10%)
3.3 Points (10%)
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Single (32bit)
8205 Points (73%)
8881 Points (79%)
9412 Points (84%)
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Multi (32bit)
42275 Points (58%)
46007 Points (63%)
57202 Points (78%)
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Multi (64bit)
70566 Points (58%)
Cinebench R10 - Cinebench R10 Rend. Single (64bit)
14362 Points (88%)
wPrime 2.10 - wPrime 2.0 1024m *
329.9 s (4%)
1168 s (14%)
wPrime 2.10 - wPrime 2.0 32m *
10.1 s (2%)
34 s (7%)
wPrime 1.55 - wPrime 1.55 1024m *
1165 s (5%)
wPrime 1.55 - wPrime 1.55 32m *
28 s (15%)
WinRAR - WinRAR 4.0
17276 Points (100%)
7082 Points (41%)
9573 Points (55%)
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Multli Thread 4 runs
min: 7254     avg: 30438     median: 28718 (20%)     max: 47002 MIPS
min: 46474     avg: 50763     median: 51433.5 (36%)     max: 53710 MIPS
min: 25736     avg: 64853     median: 72836 (52%)     max: 75564 MIPS
7-Zip 18.03 - 7-Zip 18.03 Single Thread 4 runs
min: 2197     avg: 4198     median: 4644 (56%)     max: 5149 MIPS
min: 4995     avg: 5453     median: 5548.5 (67%)     max: 5721 MIPS
min: 2898     avg: 5415     median: 5442 (66%)     max: 6186 MIPS
X264 HD Benchmark 4.0 - x264 Pass 2
159.6 fps (66%)
X264 HD Benchmark 4.0 - x264 Pass 1
300.4 fps (80%)
HWBOT x265 Benchmark v2.2 - HWBOT x265 4k Preset
min: 1.99     avg: 8.3     median: 8.8 (19%)     max: 12.7 fps
05101520Tooltip
min: 9.62     avg: 12.6     median: 13.8 (30%)     max: 14.5 fps
0510152025Tooltip
min: 5.33     avg: 18     median: 20.5 (44%)     max: 21.6 fps
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