AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop) vs AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)

AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)

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The AMD Radeon RX 590 is a desktop graphics card positioned in the mid-range of 2018. It is manufactured in 12nm and offers 2,304 shader cores and 8 GB GDDR5 VRAM using a 256 Bit memory interface (8 GHz, 256 GB/s).

The RX590 uses the new Polaris 30 chip, which is a 12nm version of the Polaris 20 chip of the RX 580. Thanks to the improved process, the clock rates of the RX 590 can be higher at a similar power consumption. 

This leads to a 10 percent higher performance compared against the older Radeon RX 580 and therefore the RX 590 is faster than the GeForce GTX 1060. This means that the card is best suited for 1080p gaming in max. details (of 2018 games).

The power consumption is rated at 175 Watt and therefore 10 Watts below the Radeon RX 580 (185 Watt).

AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)

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The AMD Radeon RX 550 is mobile mid-range graphics card for laptops based on the Polaris 12 chip . It is manufactured in an improved 14 nm FinFET process at Globalfoundries or Samsung. The Polaris 12 chip (codename Lexa) is a smaller chip than the Polaris 11 and 21 and uses the improved 14nm process that allows higher clock rates than the first generation (Radeon RX 400 series). It features 640 shaders (10 CUs) and (at least in the Pavilion 15t) all cores are activated in the mobile version (where 512 are activated in the desktop RX 550).

According to the specified peak performance, the chip should be similar fast as a Radeon Pro 455 in the MacBook Pro 2016. In our tests it reaches the Radeon Pro 455 and bests the Nvidia GeForce MX150, but stays behind the GeForce GTX 1050.

The features of the Radeon RX 550 are identical to the faster RX 460 and all other Polaris chips. See more details on the Polaris architecture here.

The power envelope of the faster Radeon Pro 460 is rated at 35 Watt according to the AMD blog post. In our tests with The Witcher 3, the GPU needed in the Pavilion 15t 80 Watt and positiones itself between the much more power efficient MX150 and the GTX 1050.

AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)
ManufacturerAMDAMD
Radeon RX 500 Series
Radeon RX 590 2304 @ 1.47 - 1.55 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 compare 2304 @ 1.26 - 1.34 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 570 compare 2048 @ 1.17 - 1.24 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 (Laptop) compare 2304 @ 1.08 GHz
Radeon RX 570 (Laptop) compare 2048 @ 0.93 - 1.21 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 560X (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.17 - 1.28 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 560 (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.09 - 1.29 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) 640 @ 1.29 - 1.48 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540X compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540 compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 590 2304 @ 1.47 - 1.55 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 compare 2304 @ 1.26 - 1.34 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 570 compare 2048 @ 1.17 - 1.24 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 (Laptop) compare 2304 @ 1.08 GHz
Radeon RX 570 (Laptop) compare 2048 @ 0.93 - 1.21 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 560X (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.17 - 1.28 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 560 (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.09 - 1.29 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) 640 @ 1.29 - 1.48 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540X compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540 compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
CodenamePolaris 30Polaris 12
ArchitecturePolarisPolaris
Cores2304 - unified640 - unified
Core1469 - 1545 (Boost) MHz1287 - 1476 (Boost) MHz
Memory8000 MHz6000 MHz
Bus256 Bit128 Bit
MemoryGDDR5GDDR5
Max. Memory8192 MB4096 MB
Shared Memorynono
DirectXDirectX 12DirectX 12
Transistors5700 Million
Technology12 nm14 nm
FeaturesDisplayPort 1.3 HBR / 1.4 HDR Ready, HDMI 2.0b, AMD FreeSyncDisplayPort 1.3 HBR / 1.4 HDR Ready, HDMI 2.0, AMD FreeSync
Introduced15.11.2018 21.03.2017
Size2/3
Manufacturerhttp://www.amd.com/en/products/graphics/...

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy
50.9 pt (56%)
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy Score
min: 5190     avg: 5271     median: 5271 (30%)     max: 5352 Points
min: 1302     avg: 1410     median: 1410 (8%)     max: 1518 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy Graphics
min: 4863     avg: 4872     median: 4871.5 (26%)     max: 4880 Points
min: 1170     avg: 1281     median: 1280.5 (7%)     max: 1391 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 379940     avg: 397712     median: 397712 (63%)     max: 415483 Points
239256 Points (38%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 307763     avg: 311088     median: 311088 (43%)     max: 314413 Points
min: 89329     avg: 111552     median: 111552 (15%)     max: 133774 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 41952     avg: 44213     median: 44213 (59%)     max: 46474 Points
min: 8755     avg: 13374     median: 13493 (18%)     max: 17753 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 86202     avg: 86825     median: 86825 (43%)     max: 87448 Points
min: 17423     avg: 23661     median: 23049.5 (11%)     max: 31120 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 14101     avg: 14431     median: 14430.5 (43%)     max: 14760 Points
min: 2516     avg: 3379     median: 3248.5 (10%)     max: 4502 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 16746     avg: 16814     median: 16813.5 (39%)     max: 16881 Points
min: 2874     avg: 3806     median: 3645 (8%)     max: 5060 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 346586     avg: 352225     median: 352224 (47%)     max: 357863 Points
min: 106689     avg: 133221     median: 133221 (18%)     max: 159753 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 19287     avg: 20422     median: 20421.5 (53%)     max: 21556 Points
min: 4474     avg: 5408     median: 5226 (13%)     max: 6707 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 23202     avg: 23363     median: 23362.5 (40%)     max: 23523 Points
min: 1619     avg: 4554     median: 4559 (8%)     max: 6589 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
130629 Points (68%)
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
43361 Points (63%)
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)
Unigine Valley 1.0 - Unigine Valley 1.0 DX
57.3 fps (31%)
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 snx-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 showcase-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 mediacal-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 maya-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 energy-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 creo-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 catia-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 3dsmax-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
SPECviewperf 13 specvp13 sw-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 snx-03 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 showcase-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 medical-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 maya-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 energy-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 creo-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 catia-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 3dsmax-06 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
Cinebench R11.5 Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)
Cinebench R15
Cinebench R15 OpenGL 64 Bit + AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)
Cinebench R15 OpenGL Ref. Match 64 Bit + AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - LuxMark v2.0 Room GPU
1996 Samples/s (20%)
743 Samples/s (8%)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - LuxMark v2.0 Sala GPU
4084 Samples/s (28%)
1609 Samples/s (11%)
ComputeMark v2.1 - ComputeMark v2.1 Result
11791 (26%)
921 (2%)
Power Consumption - Furmark Stress Test Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 357.5     avg: 365     median: 364.6 (72%)     max: 371.7 Watt
Power Consumption - The Witcher 3 Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 346.9     avg: 353     median: 352.9 (70%)     max: 358.9 Watt
Power Consumption - Witcher 3 Power Consumption *
min: 43.8     avg: 62.1     median: 62.1 (14%)     max: 80.47 Watt

Average Benchmarks AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop) → 100% n=15

Average Benchmarks AMD Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) → 32% n=15

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Call of Duty Black Ops Cold War

Call of Duty Black Ops Cold War

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
137 fps  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
95.9 fps  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
85.6 fps  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
60.4 fps  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
47.4 fps  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
31.7 fps  fps
Assassin´s Creed Valhalla

Assassin´s Creed Valhalla

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
99  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
86  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
73  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
62  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
55  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
42  fps
Dirt 5

Dirt 5

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
74.4  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
51.4  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
42.4  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
37.2  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
31.6  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
21.5  fps
Watch Dogs Legion

Watch Dogs Legion

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
113 fps  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
72.2 fps  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
59.2 fps