AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop) vs AMD Radeon RX 540

AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)

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The AMD Radeon RX 590 is a desktop graphics card positioned in the mid-range of 2018. It is manufactured in 12nm and offers 2,304 shader cores and 8 GB GDDR5 VRAM using a 256 Bit memory interface (8 GHz, 256 GB/s).

The RX590 uses the new Polaris 30 chip, which is a 12nm version of the Polaris 20 chip of the RX 580. Thanks to the improved process, the clock rates of the RX 590 can be higher at a similar power consumption. 

This leads to a 10 percent higher performance compared against the older Radeon RX 580 and therefore the RX 590 is faster than the GeForce GTX 1060. This means that the card is best suited for 1080p gaming in max. details (of 2018 games).

The power consumption is rated at 175 Watt and therefore 10 Watts below the Radeon RX 580 (185 Watt).

AMD Radeon RX 540

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The AMD Radeon RX 540 is mobile mid-range graphics card for laptops based on the Polaris 12 chip (most likely). It is manufactured in an improved 14 nm FinFET process at Globalfoundries. The performance should be between the Radeon Pro 450 and 455 in the MacBook Pro 2016 range that is also based on the Polaris architecture. AMD specifies the RX 450 at 1.2 TFLOPS (Pro 450 1 TFLOP, Pro 455 1.3 TFLOPs). Compared to Nvidia graphics cards, the gaming performance should be between the GeForce GTX 950M and GTX 960M.

The features of the Radeon RX 540 are identical to the faster RX 460 and all other Polaris chips. See more details on the Polaris architecture here.

The power envelope of the faster Radeon Pro 460 is rated at 35 Watt according to the AMD blog post. Due to the slower specs, the Radeon RX 540 use slightly less.

AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)AMD Radeon RX 540
ManufacturerAMDAMD
Radeon RX 500 Series
Radeon RX 590 2304 @ 1.47 - 1.55 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 compare 2304 @ 1.26 - 1.34 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 570 compare 2048 @ 1.17 - 1.24 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 (Laptop) compare 2304 @ 1.08 GHz
Radeon RX 570 (Laptop) compare 2048 @ 0.93 - 1.21 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 560X (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.17 - 1.28 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 560 (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.09 - 1.29 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) compare 640 @ 1.29 - 1.48 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540X compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 590 2304 @ 1.47 - 1.55 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 compare 2304 @ 1.26 - 1.34 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 570 compare 2048 @ 1.17 - 1.24 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 (Laptop) compare 2304 @ 1.08 GHz
Radeon RX 570 (Laptop) compare 2048 @ 0.93 - 1.21 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 560X (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.17 - 1.28 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 560 (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.09 - 1.29 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) compare 640 @ 1.29 - 1.48 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540X compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
CodenamePolaris 30Polaris 12
ArchitecturePolarisPolaris
Cores2304 - unified512 - unified
Core1469 - 1545 (Boost) MHz1219 (Boost) MHz
Memory8000 MHz6000 MHz
Bus256 Bit128 Bit
MemoryGDDR5GDDR5
Max. Memory8192 MB4096 MB
Shared Memorynono
DirectXDirectX 12DirectX 12
Transistors5700 Million
Technology12 nm14 nm
FeaturesDisplayPort 1.3 HBR / 1.4 HDR Ready, HDMI 2.0b, AMD FreeSyncDisplayPort 1.3 HBR / 1.4 HDR Ready, HDMI 2.0, AMD FreeSync
Introduced15.11.2018 21.03.2017
Size2/3
Manufacturerhttp://www.amd.com/en/products/graphics/...

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy
50.9 pt (56%)
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy Score
min: 5190     avg: 5271     median: 5271 (30%)     max: 5352 Points
min: 643     avg: 869     median: 869 (5%)     max: 1095 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy Graphics
min: 4863     avg: 4872     median: 4871.5 (26%)     max: 4880 Points
min: 566     avg: 787     median: 787 (4%)     max: 1008 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 379940     avg: 397712     median: 397712 (63%)     max: 415483 Points
138197 Points (22%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 307763     avg: 311088     median: 311088 (43%)     max: 314413 Points
67875 Points (9%)
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 41952     avg: 44213     median: 44213 (59%)     max: 46474 Points
min: 9431     avg: 12236     median: 12853.5 (17%)     max: 13804 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 86202     avg: 86825     median: 86825 (43%)     max: 87448 Points
min: 18704     avg: 23165     median: 24170 (12%)     max: 25616 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 14101     avg: 14431     median: 14430.5 (43%)     max: 14760 Points
min: 2495     avg: 3053     median: 3059 (9%)     max: 3488 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 16746     avg: 16814     median: 16813.5 (39%)     max: 16881 Points
min: 3242     avg: 3623     median: 3686 (8%)     max: 3876 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 346586     avg: 352225     median: 352224 (47%)     max: 357863 Points
min: 83467     avg: 89575     median: 89574.5 (12%)     max: 95682 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 19287     avg: 20422     median: 20421.5 (53%)     max: 21556 Points
min: 3783     avg: 4673     median: 4664 (12%)     max: 5273 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 23202     avg: 23363     median: 23362.5 (40%)     max: 23523 Points
min: 4443     avg: 4699     median: 4646 (8%)     max: 4983 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DM Vant. Perf. total + AMD Radeon RX 540
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + AMD Radeon RX 540
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
130629 Points (68%)
48274 Points (25%)
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
43361 Points (63%)
20313 Points (30%)
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + AMD Radeon RX 540
Unigine Valley 1.0 - Unigine Valley 1.0 DX
57.3 fps (31%)
19.3 fps (10%)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 DX 11
31.2 fps (10%)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 OpenGL
17.3 fps (8%)
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - Heaven 2.1 high
min: 31.9     avg: 39.8     median: 39.8 (7%)     max: 47.6 fps
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 snx-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 showcase-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 mediacal-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 maya-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 energy-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 creo-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 catia-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 3dsmax-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
SPECviewperf 13 specvp13 sw-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 snx-03 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 showcase-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 medical-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 maya-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 energy-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 creo-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 catia-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 3dsmax-06 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
Cinebench R10 Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + AMD Radeon RX 540
Cinebench R11.5 Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + AMD Radeon RX 540
Cinebench R15
Cinebench R15 OpenGL 64 Bit + AMD Radeon RX 540
Cinebench R15 OpenGL Ref. Match 64 Bit + AMD Radeon RX 540
GFXBench - GFXBench Car Chase Offscreen
31.8 fps (7%)
GFXBench - GFXBench Car Chase Onscreen
29.1 fps (11%)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - LuxMark v2.0 Room GPU
1996 Samples/s (20%)
min: 414     avg: 431     median: 430.5 (4%)     max: 447 Samples/s
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - LuxMark v2.0 Sala GPU
4084 Samples/s (28%)
min: 811     avg: 858     median: 858 (6%)     max: 905 Samples/s
ComputeMark v2.1 - ComputeMark v2.1 Result
11791 (26%)
min: 990     avg: 1565     median: 998 (2%)     max: 2708
Power Consumption - Furmark Stress Test Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 357.5     avg: 365     median: 364.6 (72%)     max: 371.7 Watt
Power Consumption - The Witcher 3 Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 346.9     avg: 353     median: 352.9 (70%)     max: 358.9 Watt
min: 57.5     avg: 58.2     median: 58.2 (12%)     max: 58.8 Watt
Power Consumption - Witcher 3 Power Consumption *
min: 68.1     avg: 68.6     median: 68.6 (15%)     max: 69.1 Watt

Average Benchmarks AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop) → 100% n=20

Average Benchmarks AMD Radeon RX 540 → 26% n=20

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Call of Duty Black Ops Cold War

Call of Duty Black Ops Cold War

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
137 fps  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
95.9 fps  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
85.6 fps  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
60.4 fps  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
47.4 fps  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
31.7 fps  fps
Assassin´s Creed Valhalla

Assassin´s Creed Valhalla

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
99  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
86  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
73  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
62  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
55  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
42  fps
Dirt 5

Dirt 5

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
74.4  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
51.4  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
42.4  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
37.2  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
31.6  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
21.5  fps
Watch Dogs Legion

Watch Dogs Legion

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
113 fps  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
72.2 fps  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
59.2 fps