AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop) vs AMD Radeon RX 540X

AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)

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The AMD Radeon RX 590 is a desktop graphics card positioned in the mid-range of 2018. It is manufactured in 12nm and offers 2,304 shader cores and 8 GB GDDR5 VRAM using a 256 Bit memory interface (8 GHz, 256 GB/s).

The RX590 uses the new Polaris 30 chip, which is a 12nm version of the Polaris 20 chip of the RX 580. Thanks to the improved process, the clock rates of the RX 590 can be higher at a similar power consumption. 

This leads to a 10 percent higher performance compared against the older Radeon RX 580 and therefore the RX 590 is faster than the GeForce GTX 1060. This means that the card is best suited for 1080p gaming in max. details (of 2018 games).

The power consumption is rated at 175 Watt and therefore 10 Watts below the Radeon RX 580 (185 Watt).

AMD Radeon RX 540X

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The AMD Radeon RX 540X is mobile mid-range graphics card for laptops based on the Polaris 12 chip (most likely). It is manufactured in an improved 14 nm FinFET process and technically similar to the older Radeon RX 540. The only difference so far is a 4% higher theoretical peak performance (1.25 versus 1.2 TFLOPS according to AMD). Compared to Nvidia graphics cards, the gaming performance should be between the GeForce GTX 950M and GTX 960M.

The similar named Radeon 540X (without RX) offers a smaller memory bus and therefore also a slightly reduced performance.

The features of the Radeon RX 540X are identical to the faster RX 460 and all other Polaris chips. See more details on the Polaris architecture here.

The power envelope of the faster Radeon Pro 460 is rated at 35 Watt according to the AMD blog post. Due to the slower specs, the Radeon RX 540 use slightly less.

AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)AMD Radeon RX 540X
ManufacturerAMDAMD
Radeon RX 500 Series
Radeon RX 590 2304 @ 1.47 - 1.55 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 compare 2304 @ 1.26 - 1.34 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 570 compare 2048 @ 1.17 - 1.24 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 (Laptop) compare 2304 @ 1.08 GHz
Radeon RX 570 (Laptop) compare 2048 @ 0.93 - 1.21 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 560X (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.17 - 1.28 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 560 (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.09 - 1.29 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) compare 640 @ 1.29 - 1.48 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540X 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540 compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 590 2304 @ 1.47 - 1.55 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 compare 2304 @ 1.26 - 1.34 GHz256 Bit @ 8000 MHz
Radeon RX 570 compare 2048 @ 1.17 - 1.24 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 580 (Laptop) compare 2304 @ 1.08 GHz
Radeon RX 570 (Laptop) compare 2048 @ 0.93 - 1.21 GHz256 Bit @ 7000 MHz
Radeon RX 560X (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.17 - 1.28 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 560 (Laptop) compare 1024 @ 1.09 - 1.29 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 550 (Laptop) compare 640 @ 1.29 - 1.48 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540X 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
Radeon RX 540 compare 512 @ 1.22 GHz128 Bit @ 6000 MHz
CodenamePolaris 30Polaris 12
ArchitecturePolarisGCN 4.0
Cores2304 - unified512 - unified
Core1469 - 1545 (Boost) MHz1219 (Boost) MHz
Memory8000 MHz6000 MHz
Bus256 Bit128 Bit
MemoryGDDR5GDDR5
Max. Memory8192 MB4096 MB
Shared Memorynono
DirectXDirectX 12DirectX 12_0
Transistors5700 Million2200 Million
Technology12 nm14 nm
FeaturesDisplayPort 1.3 HBR / 1.4 HDR Ready, HDMI 2.0b, AMD FreeSyncDisplayPort 1.3 HBR / 1.4 HDR Ready, HDMI 2.0, AMD FreeSync
Introduced15.11.2018 21.03.2018
Size2/3
Manufacturerhttps://www.amd.com/de/products/graphics...

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy
50.9 pt (56%)
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy Score
min: 5190     avg: 5271     median: 5271 (30%)     max: 5352 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Time Spy Graphics
min: 4863     avg: 4872     median: 4871.5 (26%)     max: 4880 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 379940     avg: 397712     median: 397712 (63%)     max: 415483 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 307763     avg: 311088     median: 311088 (43%)     max: 314413 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 41952     avg: 44213     median: 44213 (59%)     max: 46474 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 86202     avg: 86825     median: 86825 (43%)     max: 87448 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 14101     avg: 14431     median: 14430.5 (43%)     max: 14760 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 16746     avg: 16814     median: 16813.5 (39%)     max: 16881 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 346586     avg: 352225     median: 352224 (47%)     max: 357863 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 19287     avg: 20422     median: 20421.5 (53%)     max: 21556 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 23202     avg: 23363     median: 23362.5 (40%)     max: 23523 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
130629 Points (68%)
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
43361 Points (63%)
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
Unigine Valley 1.0 - Unigine Valley 1.0 DX
57.3 fps (31%)
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 snx-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 showcase-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 mediacal-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 maya-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 energy-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 creo-01 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 catia-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp12 3dsmax-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
SPECviewperf 13 specvp13 sw-04 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 snx-03 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 showcase-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 medical-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 maya-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 energy-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 creo-02 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 catia-05 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
specvp13 3dsmax-06 + AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - LuxMark v2.0 Room GPU
1996 Samples/s (20%)
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - LuxMark v2.0 Sala GPU
4084 Samples/s (28%)
ComputeMark v2.1 - ComputeMark v2.1 Result
11791 (26%)
Power Consumption - Furmark Stress Test Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 357.5     avg: 365     median: 364.6 (72%)     max: 371.7 Watt
Power Consumption - The Witcher 3 Power Consumption - external Monitor *
min: 346.9     avg: 353     median: 352.9 (70%)     max: 358.9 Watt

Average Benchmarks AMD Radeon RX 590 (Desktop) → NAN% n=

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Call of Duty Black Ops Cold War

Call of Duty Black Ops Cold War

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
137 fps  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
95.9 fps  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
85.6 fps  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
60.4 fps  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
47.4 fps  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
31.7 fps  fps
Assassin´s Creed Valhalla

Assassin´s Creed Valhalla

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
99  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
86  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
73  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
62  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
55  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
42  fps
Dirt 5

Dirt 5

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
74.4  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
51.4  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
42.4  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
37.2  fps
QHD 2560x1440
100%
Radeon RX 590:
31.6  fps
4K 3840x2160
100%
Radeon RX 590:
21.5  fps
Watch Dogs Legion

Watch Dogs Legion

2020
low 1280x720
100%
Radeon RX 590:
113 fps  fps
med. 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
72.2 fps  fps
high 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
59.2 fps  fps
ultra 1920x1080
100%
Radeon RX 590:
34.8 fps