Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) vs Intel HD Graphics 4000 vs Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)

► remove Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)

The Intel HD Graphics (Family) is a processor graphics card which is integrated in the cheap Celeron and Pentium model of the Sandy Bridge generation. It is similar to the Intel HD Graphics 2000 and not with the processor graphics of the older Arrandale dual-core processors (which bears the same name). 

Depending on the processor, the HD graphics offers a different base and Turbo Boost clock speed. Currently there are three different models:

  • Power Saving e.g. Celeron 847: base 350MHz, Turbo 800MHz
  • Celeron e.g. Celeron B810: base 650MHz, Turbo 950MHz
  • Pentium e.g. Pentium B950: base 650MHz, Turbo 1100MHz

Furthermore, the slow CPU performance of some models may influence the games a lot. For example, although the GPU in the Celeron B710 differs not much from the Pentium B950, the gaming performance was clearly worse and many games were unplayable.

As the Intel HD Graphics 3000 and 2000, the processor graphics card is able to use part of the last level cache of the processor (2MB usually for the entry level CPUs). This could be seen as a small amount of very fast dedicated memory.

Altought 2x Antialiasing (AA) is supported, the chip is as fast as when rendering 4x AA. In the Unigine Valley benchmark a similar HD 3000 i7-2637M for example reached the same score with 2x AA and 4x AA.

The feature set compared to the HD Graphics 3000 is also reduced in these entry level CPUs. E.g. Intel Quick Sync (for de- and encoding of HD videos), In Tru 3D, Clear Video HD are usually deactivated.

Intel HD Graphics 4000

► remove Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays). DisplayPort 1.1 (max 2560x1600) and HDMI 1.4 (max 1920x1080 without hacks) are supported by the chip according to Intel.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

► remove Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

The Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) is a low-end integrated Bay Trail graphics card found in certain Atom models (Z3770), nettops (J2850) and notebook SoCs (N3510). It supports DirectX 11 and is based on the Ivy Bridge GPU. Clock rates and shader cores, however, are considerably lower.

Compared to Ivy Bridge, which offers either 6 or 16 Execution Units, the HD Graphics (Bay Trail) comes with only 4 EUs. The core clock is significantly lower as well. Depending on the specific model, the maximum Turbo Boost is 896 MHz or less and the memory controller can support DDR3(L), DDR3L-RS or LPDDR3 in single- or dual-channel operation.

The fastest notebook models equipped with this GPU nearly match the performance of the HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) and the AMD Radeon HD 6310. Therefore, older and less demanding Windows games like World of Warcraft or Half-Life 2 can be played fluently in very low settings. Performance is not sufficient for most modern titles.

Compared to competing ARM SoCs, Bay Trail outperforms the Adreno 320 (which can be found in different Qualcomm SoCs like the Snapdragon 600) and offers a performance similar to the Tegra 4 GPU. That is enough power to run even the most demanding Android games smoothly in very high resolutions as of 2013.

The integrated video decoder supports all popular codecs such as MPEG2, H.264, VC1, VP8 and MVC and is suitable for resolutions up to 4K up to 100 Mbit/s. The user can connect up to two displays via HDMI 1.4 (max. 1920 x 1080) or DisplayPort 1.2 (max. 2560 x 1600). Another new feature is the support for Wireless Display and Quick Sync, Intel's fast and power efficient H-264 hardware encoder. Some of these features are not available on all models.

Depending on the model, the power consumption of the entire SoC is somewhere between 2 and 10 W. The most efficient versions are therefore suitable for passively cooled tablets, whereas faster variants are used in larger subnotebooks with active cooling.

Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)Intel HD Graphics 4000Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
ManufacturerIntelIntelIntel
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 350 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 300 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 300 - 950 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 100 - 900 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 100 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 200 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 300 - 800 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 320 - 640 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 200 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 200 - 600 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 311 - 896 (Boost) MHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 350 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 300 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 300 - 950 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 100 - 900 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 100 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 200 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 300 - 800 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 320 - 640 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 200 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 200 - 600 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 311 - 896 (Boost) MHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 350 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 300 - 1050 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 300 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 300 - 950 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 100 - 900 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 100 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 200 - 850 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 300 - 800 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 320 - 700 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 320 - 640 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 200 - 1000 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 200 - 600 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 311 - 896 (Boost) MHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameSandy BridgeIvy BridgeBay Trail
ArchitectureGen. 6 Sandy BridgeGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7 Ivy Bridge
6 - 16 - 4 -
Core350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz311 - 896 (Boost) MHz
Bus64/128 Bit64/128 Bit32/64/128 Bit
yesyesyes
DirectXDirectX 10.1, 4.1DirectX 11, 5.0DirectX 11, 5.0
Technology32 nm22 nm22 nm
Introduced01.05.2011 23.03.2011 11.09.2013
Manufacturerhttp://www.intel.com/technology/graphics...
FeaturesQuickSync
CPUGPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Pentium G8602 x 3000 MHz, 65 W650 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Pentium B9802 x 2400 MHz, 35 W650 - 1100 MHz? MHz
Intel Pentium B9702 x 2300 MHz, 35 W650 MHz1150 MHz
» show 23 more
min. - max.350 - 650 - 1100 MHz800 - 1150 MHz

3DMark - Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics Score 1280x720 offscreen
min: 43759     avg: 44324     median: 44323.5 (8%)     max: 44888 Points
min: 11835     avg: 14513     median: 14748.5 (3%)     max: 17613 Points
3DMark - Ice Storm Extreme Graphics 1920x1080
min: 20514     avg: 24179     median: 24426 (3%)     max: 28772 Points
min: 4751     avg: 7342     median: 7498 (1%)     max: 9234 Points
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Score 1280x720
min: 1386     avg: 1452     median: 1451.5 (2%)     max: 1517 Points
min: 1469     avg: 3380     median: 3282.5 (5%)     max: 5946 Points
min: 354     avg: 1182     median: 1188 (2%)     max: 1703 Points
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Graphics 1280x720
min: 1389     avg: 1405     median: 1404.5 (1%)     max: 1420 Points
min: 1619     avg: 3850     median: 3768.5 (2%)     max: 5761 Points
min: 362     avg: 1230     median: 1228.5 (1%)     max: 1670 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Score 1920x1080
min: 168     avg: 447     median: 444 (2%)     max: 647 Points
min: 83     avg: 185     median: 147 (1%)     max: 495 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Graphics 1920x1080
min: 191     avg: 486     median: 480 (1%)     max: 705 Points
min: 90     avg: 149     median: 149 (0%)     max: 200 Points
3DMark - Ice Storm Standard Graphics 1280x720
min: 13132     avg: 13747     median: 13746.5 (2%)     max: 14361 Points
min: 11232     avg: 31858     median: 31598 (4%)     max: 48923 Points
min: 5056     avg: 15391     median: 16047 (2%)     max: 21351 Points
3DMark 11 - Performance 1280x720
min: 248     avg: 603     median: 603 (2%)     max: 802 points
min: 143     avg: 223     median: 216 (1%)     max: 280 points
3DMark 11 - Performance GPU 1280x720
min: 216     avg: 522     median: 523 (1%)     max: 684 points
min: 122     avg: 192     median: 185 (0%)     max: 237 points
3DMark Vantage
P Result 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
P Result 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
P Result 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
P GPU no PhysX 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 2001SE - Standard 1024x768
min: 9769     avg: 11443     median: 11429.5 (12%)     max: 13145 Points
min: 8967     avg: 14343     median: 15220 (16%)     max: 16933 Points
7727 Points (8%)
3DMark 03 - Standard 1024x768
min: 2701     avg: 6189     median: 6390 (3%)     max: 7772 Points
min: 7402     avg: 11805     median: 12768 (7%)     max: 19294 Points
min: 4226     avg: 4997     median: 5220 (3%)     max: 5323 Points
3DMark 05 - Standard 1024x768
min: 2000     avg: 4691     median: 4768 (9%)     max: 5917 Points
min: 5239     avg: 8296     median: 8393 (16%)     max: 11948 Points
min: 2666     avg: 3195     median: 3331 (6%)     max: 3445 Points
3DMark 06 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
+ Intel HD Graphics 4000
+ Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - DX 11, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
min: 6.9     avg: 7.6     median: 7.4 (3%)     max: 8.9 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - OpenGL, Normal Tessellation, High Shaders 1920x1080
min: 7.7     avg: 8.1     median: 8.1 (5%)     max: 8.4 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - high, Tesselation (normal), DirectX11 1280x1024
min: 5.3     avg: 5.7     median: 5.5 (2%)     max: 7 fps
min: 6     avg: 9.6     median: 9.4 (4%)     max: 13 fps
min: 2.4     avg: 2.8     median: 2.8 (1%)     max: 3.4 fps
SPECviewperf 11
Siemens NX 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Siemens NX 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Tcvis 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Tcvis 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Pro/ENGINEER 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Ensight 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Ensight 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SolidWorks 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Maya 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Lightwave 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Catia 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Windows 7 Experience Index - Gaming graphics
min: 5.4     avg: 5.7     median: 5.7 (72%)     max: 5.8 points
min: 5.9     avg: 6.4     median: 6.4 (81%)     max: 6.6 points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Graphics
min: 3.8     avg: 4.5     median: 4.5 (57%)     max: 5.1 points
min: 4.7     avg: 5.6     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 6.6 points
Cinebench R10 Shading 32Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
Shading 32Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Shading 32Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge)
OpenGL 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000
OpenGL 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R15
OpenGL 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000
OpenGL 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Ref. Match 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Ref. Match 64Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
GLBenchmark 2.5 - Egypt HD Offscreen Fixed Time 1920x1080
min: 74     avg: 91.5     median: 91.5 (17%)     max: 109 fps
41 fps (7%)
GLBenchmark 2.5 - Egypt HD Fixed Time
min: 51     avg: 52     median: 52 (87%)     max: 53 fps
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7
T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 1920x1080 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
GFXBench 3.0 - Manhattan Offscreen OGL off screen
min: 6     avg: 9.7     median: 8.8 (2%)     max: 16 fps
GFXBench 3.0 - Manhattan Onscreen OGL on screen
min: 6.8     avg: 12.2     median: 8.6 (2%)     max: 22.1 fps
Basemark ES 2.0 - Taiji Free
min: 45.08     avg: 49.1     median: 49.1 (81%)     max: 53.13 fps
Basemark X 1.0 - Off-Screen
10.1 fps (48%)
Basemark X 1.1 - High Quality
min: 3008     avg: 6663     median: 8456 (19%)     max: 8524 fps
Basemark X 1.1 - Medium Quality
min: 4802     avg: 12880     median: 14509 (32%)     max: 17701 fps
NenaMark2
min: 59     avg: 59.4     median: 59.4 (88%)     max: 59.7 fps
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Room GPUs-only
min: 31     avg: 46.9     median: 34 (1%)     max: 163 Samples/s
min: 25     avg: 28.5     median: 27 (1%)     max: 35 Samples/s
LuxMark v2.0 64Bit - Sala GPUs-only
min: 50     avg: 79.4     median: 66 (1%)     max: 251 Samples/s
min: 26     avg: 29     median: 29 (0%)     max: 34 Samples/s
ComputeMark v2.1 - Normal, Score 1024x600
min: 31     avg: 514     median: 537 (2%)     max: 630 Points
min: 160     avg: 173     median: 174 (1%)     max: 192 Points