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Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) vs Intel HD Graphics 4000 vs Intel HD Graphics 4600

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

The Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) is a low-end integrated Bay Trail graphics card found in certain Atom models (Z3770), nettops (J2850) and notebook SoCs (N3510). It supports DirectX 11 and is based on the Ivy Bridge GPU. Clock rates and shader cores, however, are considerably lower.

Compared to Ivy Bridge, which offers either 6 or 16 Execution Units, the HD Graphics (Bay Trail) comes with only 4 EUs. The core clock is significantly lower as well. Depending on the specific model, the maximum Turbo Boost is 896 MHz or less and the memory controller can support DDR3(L), DDR3L-RS or LPDDR3 in single- or dual-channel operation.

The fastest notebook models equipped with this GPU nearly match the performance of the HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) and the AMD Radeon HD 6310. Therefore, older and less demanding Windows games like World of Warcraft or Half-Life 2 can be played fluently in very low settings. Performance is not sufficient for most modern titles.

Compared to competing ARM SoCs, Bay Trail outperforms the Adreno 320 (which can be found in different Qualcomm SoCs like the Snapdragon 600) and offers a performance similar to the Tegra 4 GPU. That is enough power to run even the most demanding Android games smoothly in very high resolutions as of 2013.

The integrated video decoder supports all popular codecs such as MPEG2, H.264, VC1, VP8 and MVC and is suitable for resolutions up to 4K up to 100 Mbit/s. The user can connect up to two displays via HDMI 1.4 (max. 1920 x 1080) or DisplayPort 1.2 (max. 2560 x 1600). Another new feature is the support for Wireless Display and Quick Sync, Intel's fast and power efficient H-264 hardware encoder. Some of these features are not available on all models.

Depending on the model, the power consumption of the entire SoC is somewhere between 2 and 10 W. The most efficient versions are therefore suitable for passively cooled tablets, whereas faster variants are used in larger subnotebooks with active cooling.

Intel HD Graphics 4000

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays). DisplayPort 1.1 (max 2560x1600) and HDMI 1.4 (max 1920x1080 without hacks) are supported by the chip according to Intel.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

Intel HD Graphics 4600

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4600

The Intel HD Graphics 4600 (GT2) is a processor graphics card included in some of the Haswell processors of 2013. The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology.
Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rates may differ greatly resulting in varying graphics performance between CPU models.

In comparison to the HD 4000, the graphics core has been modified extensively. The GPU supports DirectX 11.1, OpenCL 1.2 and OpenGL 4.0. It also features an improved decoder for 4K videos and the fast Quick Sync encoder.

According to Intel benchmarks in 3DMark 11, the HD Graphics 4600 will be up to 60 percent faster than the previous HD 4000. In our gaming benchmarks, however, the improvement was only about 30 percent. This performance boost is achieved by architectural improvements and an increased number of execution units: The GT2 version integrates 20 EUs, compared to 16 EUs for the old HD 4000. Thus, the HD 4600 not only matches some dedicated GPUs such as the GeForce GT 620M/630M, but also competes with the fastest integrated AMD GPUs like the Radeon HD 8650G.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, power consumption should be relatively low. The HD Graphics 4600 can be found on dual- and quad-core Haswell models in the 37 - 57 Watt TDP range.

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)Intel HD Graphics 4000Intel HD Graphics 4600
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameBay TrailIvy BridgeHaswell GT2
ArchitectureGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7.5 Haswell
Pipelines4 - unified16 - unified20 - unified
Core Speed311 - 896 (Boost) MHz350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz200 - 1350 (Boost) MHz
Memory Bus Width32/64/128 Bit64/128 Bit64/128 Bit
Shared Memoryyesyesyes
APIDirectX 11, Shader 5.0, OpenGL 4.0, ES 3.0DirectX 11, Shader 5.0, OpenGL 3.1DirectX 11.1, Shader 5.0, OpenGL 4.0
technology22 nm22 nm22 nm
Date of Announcement11.09.2013 23.03.2011 01.06.2013
FeaturesQuickSyncQuickSync
CPU in HD Graphics (Bay Trail)GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Pentium N35404 x 2160 MHz, 7.5 W313 MHz896 MHz
Intel Pentium J29004 x 2410 MHz, 10 W688 MHz896 MHz
Intel Pentium N35304 x 2160 MHz, 7.5 W313 MHz896 MHz
min. - max.311 - ? MHz400 - 896 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 4000GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-3770K4 x 3500 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1150 MHz
Intel Core i7-3940XM4 x 3000 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1350 MHz
Intel Core i7-3920XM4 x 2900 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1300 MHz
min. - max.311 - ? MHz400 - 1350 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 4600GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-4790K4 x 4000 MHz, 88 W350 MHz1250 MHz
Intel Core i7-47904 x 3600 MHz, 84 W350 MHz1200 MHz
Intel Core i7-4770K4 x 3500 MHz, 84 W400 MHz1200 MHz
min. - max.200 - ? MHz400 - 1350 MHz

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
1 pt (1%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4000
2.1 pt (2%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4600
3.2 pt (4%)
min: 43759     avg: 44324     median: 44323.5 (6%)     max: 44888 Points
min: 42224     avg: 42243     median: 42242.5 (6%)     max: 42261 Points
min: 20514     avg: 24179     median: 24426 (3%)     max: 28772 Points
min: 20937     avg: 25956     median: 22583 (3%)     max: 34347 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 354     avg: 1182     median: 1188 (1%)     max: 1703 Points
min: 1469     avg: 3380     median: 3282.5 (4%)     max: 5946 Points
min: 3322     avg: 5276     median: 5040.5 (6%)     max: 7233 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 362     avg: 1230     median: 1228.5 (0%)     max: 1670 Points
min: 1619     avg: 3850     median: 3768.5 (2%)     max: 5761 Points
min: 3892     avg: 5865     median: 5613 (2%)     max: 7536 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 83     avg: 185     median: 147 (0%)     max: 495 Points
min: 168     avg: 446.5     median: 444 (1%)     max: 647 Points
min: 432     avg: 650     median: 592.5 (1%)     max: 904 Points
min: 191     avg: 486.1     median: 480 (1%)     max: 705 Points
min: 499     avg: 703     median: 635.5 (1%)     max: 978 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 5056     avg: 15391     median: 16047 (2%)     max: 21351 Points
min: 11232     avg: 31858     median: 31598 (4%)     max: 48923 Points
min: 31725     avg: 47455     median: 48631 (6%)     max: 64426 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 143     avg: 222.6     median: 216 (0%)     max: 280 Points
min: 248     avg: 603     median: 603 (1%)     max: 802 Points
min: 655     avg: 1060     median: 1041 (2%)     max: 1464 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 122     avg: 192.1     median: 186.5 (0%)     max: 237 Points
min: 216     avg: 522     median: 523 (1%)     max: 684 Points
min: 572     avg: 926     median: 910.5 (1%)     max: 1258 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4000
min: 830     avg: 2985     median: 2959 (1%)     max: 4433 Points
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 3077     avg: 4802     median: 5203 (2%)     max: 6304 Points
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4000
min: 659     avg: 2441     median: 2415 (2%)     max: 3488 Points
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 2504     avg: 3860     median: 4132 (3%)     max: 5041 Points
3DMark 2001SE - 3DMark 2001 - Standard
7727 Points (8%)
38441 Points (40%)
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
min: 4226     avg: 4997     median: 5220 (3%)     max: 5323 Points
min: 7402     avg: 11805     median: 12768 (7%)     max: 19294 Points
min: 18916     avg: 21326     median: 22200 (12%)     max: 22861 Points
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
min: 2666     avg: 3195     median: 3331 (5%)     max: 3445 Points
min: 5239     avg: 8296     median: 8393 (12%)     max: 11948 Points
min: 13616     avg: 15058     median: 15760 (22%)     max: 15797 Points
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06
2108 Points (3%)
3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics 4000
4276 Points (6%)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06
min: 814     avg: 1785     median: 1866 (3%)     max: 2151 Points
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
min: 1605     avg: 4588     median: 4412.5 (7%)     max: 7159 Points
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 4468     avg: 6795     median: 7362 (11%)     max: 8819 Points
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x800 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06
2087 Points (3%)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 DX 11
3.6 fps (1%)
min: 6.9     avg: 7.6     median: 7.4 (2%)     max: 8.9 fps
min: 13.5     avg: 14.4     median: 14.4 (5%)     max: 15.2 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 OpenGL
min: 7.7     avg: 8.1     median: 8.1 (4%)     max: 8.4 fps
min: 15.2     avg: 15.5     median: 15.5 (7%)     max: 15.8 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - Heaven 2.1 high
min: 2.4     avg: 2.8     median: 2.8 (1%)     max: 3.4 fps
min: 6     avg: 9.6     median: 9.4 (2%)     max: 13 fps
15.3 fps (3%)
SPECviewperf 11
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 snx-01
min: 0.69     avg: 1.1     median: 1.2 (1%)     max: 1.47 fps
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 2.26     avg: 2.4     median: 2.4 (2%)     max: 2.64 fps
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 tcvis-02
min: 1.43     avg: 1.9     median: 2.1 (3%)     max: 2.27 fps
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 2.77     avg: 3.3     median: 3.3 (5%)     max: 3.9 fps
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 sw-02
min: 3.98     avg: 6.9     median: 7.5 (9%)     max: 8.45 fps
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 11.97     avg: 13.3     median: 13.4 (16%)     max: 14.48 fps
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 proe-05
min: 0.62     avg: 1.1     median: 1.2 (5%)     max: 1.47 fps
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 2.26     avg: 2.5     median: 2.5 (11%)     max: 2.69 fps
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 maya-03
min: 7.12     avg: 10.2     median: 9.7 (7%)     max: 13.09 fps
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 10.22     avg: 14.8     median: 15.2 (11%)     max: 18.57 fps
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 lightwave-01
min: 5.67     avg: 10.2     median: 11.1 (12%)     max: 12.55 fps
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 14.77     avg: 17.8     median: 18.2 (20%)     max: 20.05 fps
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 ensight-04
min: 1.06     avg: 1.6     median: 1.7 (1%)     max: 2.24 fps
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
min: 1.94     avg: 2.3     median: 2.4 (1%)     max: 2.47 fps
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
SPECviewperf 11 - specvp11 catia-03
0 fps (0%)
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
6.6 fps (8%)
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 sw-03
2 fps (1%)
specvp12 snx-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 snx-02
2.6 fps (1%)
specvp12 showcase-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 showcase-01
11.8 fps (4%)
specvp12 mediacal-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 mediacal-01
2.1 fps (1%)
specvp12 maya-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 maya-04
10.9 fps (4%)
specvp12 energy-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 energy-01
14.9 fps (37%)
specvp12 creo-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4600
SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 creo-01
2.4 fps (1%)
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Gaming graphics
min: 5.9     avg: 6.4     median: 6.4 (81%)     max: 6.6 Points
min: 6.5     avg: 6.6     median: 6.5 (82%)     max: 6.7 Points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Graphics
min: 4.7     avg: 5.6     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 6.6 Points