Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) vs Intel HD Graphics 4000 vs Intel HD Graphics 2000

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

The Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) is a low-end integrated Bay Trail graphics card found in certain Atom models (Z3770), nettops (J2850) and notebook SoCs (N3510). It supports DirectX 11 and is based on the Ivy Bridge GPU. Clock rates and shader cores, however, are considerably lower.

Compared to Ivy Bridge, which offers either 6 or 16 Execution Units, the HD Graphics (Bay Trail) comes with only 4 EUs. The core clock is significantly lower as well. Depending on the specific model, the maximum Turbo Boost is 896 MHz or less and the memory controller can support DDR3(L), DDR3L-RS or LPDDR3 in single- or dual-channel operation.

The fastest notebook models equipped with this GPU nearly match the performance of the HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) and the AMD Radeon HD 6310. Therefore, older and less demanding Windows games like World of Warcraft or Half-Life 2 can be played fluently in very low settings. Performance is not sufficient for most modern titles.

Compared to competing ARM SoCs, Bay Trail outperforms the Adreno 320 (which can be found in different Qualcomm SoCs like the Snapdragon 600) and offers a performance similar to the Tegra 4 GPU. That is enough power to run even the most demanding Android games smoothly in very high resolutions as of 2013.

The integrated video decoder supports all popular codecs such as MPEG2, H.264, VC1, VP8 and MVC and is suitable for resolutions up to 4K up to 100 Mbit/s. The user can connect up to two displays via HDMI 1.4 (max. 1920 x 1080) or DisplayPort 1.2 (max. 2560 x 1600). Another new feature is the support for Wireless Display and Quick Sync, Intel's fast and power efficient H-264 hardware encoder. Some of these features are not available on all models.

Depending on the model, the power consumption of the entire SoC is somewhere between 2 and 10 W. The most efficient versions are therefore suitable for passively cooled tablets, whereas faster variants are used in larger subnotebooks with active cooling.

Intel HD Graphics 4000

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4000

The Intel HD Graphics 4000 (GT2) is a processor graphics card that is included in the Ivy Bridge processors of 2012 (3rd generation of core, e.g. Core i7-3770). The base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the base and turbo clock rate may differ greatly resulting in different graphics performance of ULV parts compared to high-end desktop and laptop quad-core parts.

Compared to the Intel HD Graphics 3000 in Sandy Bridge CPUs, the HD 4000 card was completely redesigned and offers improved DirectX 11 capable shaders, Hardware Tessellation, a dedicated level 3 cache (before the Last Level Cache LLC of the CPU) and DirectCompute support. The IPC (instructions per clock) can therefore be even 2x as fast as with Sandy Bridge and overall up to 60% more performance (3DMark Vantage) should be possible.

First benchmarks position the HD Graphics 4000 (in a fast quad core desktop CPU) on a level with a dedicated Nvidia GeForce GT 330M and therefore above the AMD processor graphics Radeon HD 6620G. In our extensive tests with games the HD Graphics 4000 was able to beat the HD 6620G in a fast Core i7-3820QM by about 15%. In the slower i7-3610QM and a dual core i5 it was on a similar level as the 6620G. Therefore, casual gamers that wont mind reducing the quality settings in high end games, may be happy with the performance of the HD Graphics 4000. Beware, that the HD Graphics 4000 is used with different clock speeds depending on the CPU model. The ULV CPUs (Core ix-3xx7U) for example feature lower clock speeds and cant maintain the Turbo frequency as good as the 35 - 55 Watt models. Therefore, the ULV version is about 30% slower on average.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (depends on how the HD 4000 is used in the laptop - maybe only with a DisplayPort / eDP) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays). DisplayPort 1.1 (max 2560x1600) and HDMI 1.4 (max 1920x1080 without hacks) are supported by the chip according to Intel.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). The TDP of the whole package (including processor and memory controller) varies between 18 Watt (ULV) up to 45 Watt (mobile quad core) for the consumer laptop CPUs.

Intel HD Graphics 2000

► remove from comparison

The Intel HD Graphics 2000 (or Intel Graphics Media Accelerator HD 2000 or GMA HD 2000) is an integrated graphics card in the Sandy Bridge codenamed processors. It is included in slower mobile processors (Pentium brand e.g. but called only Intel HD Graphics) and in most desktop processors. The HD Graphics 2000 has no dedicated memory but shares the fast Level 3 Cache with the CPU cores and also part of the main memory. Due to Turbo Boost, the GPU can be overclocked depending on the current CPU load and power consumption. The GMA HD 2000 offers only half of the 12 Execution Units (EUs) of the Intel GMA HD 3000.

Because of the halfed amount of shaders, the gaming performance is only compareable to the old Intel GMA HD (in the Arrandale CPUs). Our tests with a desktop i5-2400 showed a performance level of a Geforce G 105M e.g. which is slightly faster. Therefore, only low demanding games like Sims 3 or World of Warcraft can be played in low detail settings fluently.

Altought 2x Antialiasing (AA) is supported, the chip is as fast as when rendering 4x AA. In the Unigine Valley benchmark a similar HD 3000 i7-2637M for example reached the same score with 2x AA and 4x AA.

In addition to the GPU, the chip also houses some dedicated units for decoding and encoding HD videos. On the IDF Intel demonstrated the encoding of a 3 minute long 1080p video to an iPhone compatible format in 640x360 in only 14s. Another novelty of the Sandy Bridge GPU is the embedded DisplayPort eDP to connect internal Displays.

Due to the integration in the 32nm built CPU and the halfed amount of shaders, the power consumption of the GPU should be quite low and also suited for small and light laptops.

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)Intel HD Graphics 4000Intel HD Graphics 2000
ManufacturerIntelIntelIntel
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameBay TrailIvy BridgeSandy Bridge
ArchitectureGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 6 Sandy Bridge
Pipelines4 - unified16 - unified6 - unified
Core Speed311 - 896 (Boost) MHz350 - 1350 (Boost) MHz850/1100 - 1350 (Boost) MHz
Memory Bus Width32/64/128 Bit64/128 Bit64/128 Bit
Shared Memoryyesyesyes
DirectXDirectX 11, Shader 5.0DirectX 11, Shader 5.0DirectX 10.1, Shader 4.1
technology22 nm22 nm32 nm
Date of Announcement11.09.2013 23.03.2011 01.02.2011
FeaturesQuickSync
CPU in HD Graphics (Bay Trail)GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Pentium N35404 x 2160 MHz, 7.5 W313 MHz896 MHz
Intel Pentium J29004 x 2410 MHz, 10 W688 MHz896 MHz
Intel Pentium N35304 x 2160 MHz, 7.5 W313 MHz896 MHz
min. - max.311 - ? MHz400 - 896 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 4000GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-3770K4 x 3500 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1150 MHz
Intel Core i7-3940XM4 x 3000 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1350 MHz
Intel Core i7-3920XM4 x 2900 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1300 MHz
min. - max.311 - ? MHz400 - 1350 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 2000GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i5-24004 x 3100 MHz, 95 W850 MHz1100 MHz

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
1.4 pt (1%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4000
3 pt (3%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 11835     avg: 14513     median: 14748.5 (2%)     max: 17613 Points
min: 43759     avg: 44324     median: 44323.5 (7%)     max: 44888 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 4751     avg: 7342     median: 7498 (1%)     max: 9234 Points
min: 20514     avg: 24179     median: 24426 (3%)     max: 28772 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 354     avg: 1182     median: 1188 (2%)     max: 1703 Points
min: 1469     avg: 3380     median: 3282.5 (4%)     max: 5946 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 362     avg: 1230     median: 1228.5 (1%)     max: 1670 Points
min: 1619     avg: 3850     median: 3768.5 (2%)     max: 5761 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 83     avg: 185     median: 147 (0%)     max: 495 Points
min: 168     avg: 447     median: 444 (1%)     max: 647 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 90     avg: 149     median: 149 (0%)     max: 200 Points
min: 191     avg: 486     median: 480 (1%)     max: 705 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 5056     avg: 15391     median: 16047 (2%)     max: 21351 Points
min: 11232     avg: 31858     median: 31598 (4%)     max: 48923 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 143     avg: 223     median: 216 (1%)     max: 280 Points
min: 248     avg: 603     median: 603 (2%)     max: 802 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 122     avg: 192     median: 186.5 (0%)     max: 237 Points
min: 216     avg: 522     median: 523 (1%)     max: 684 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 2000
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 2000
3DMark 2001SE - 3DMark 2001 - Standard
7727 Points (8%)
min: 8967     avg: 14343     median: 15220 (16%)     max: 16933 Points
15201 Points (16%)
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
min: 4226     avg: 4997     median: 5220 (3%)     max: 5323 Points
min: 7402     avg: 11805     median: 12768 (7%)     max: 19294 Points
min: 6077     avg: 7083     median: 7083 (4%)     max: 8089 Points
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
min: 2666     avg: 3195     median: 3331 (5%)     max: 3445 Points
min: 5239     avg: 8296     median: 8393 (12%)     max: 11948 Points
min: 4585     avg: 5194     median: 5193.5 (8%)     max: 5802 Points
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 2000
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x800 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 DX 11
3.6 fps (1%)
min: 6.9     avg: 7.6     median: 7.4 (2%)     max: 8.9 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 OpenGL
min: 7.7     avg: 8.1     median: 8.1 (4%)     max: 8.4 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - Heaven 2.1 high
min: 2.4     avg: 2.8     median: 2.8 (1%)     max: 3.4 fps
min: 6     avg: 9.6     median: 9.4 (2%)     max: 13 fps
5.3 fps (1%)
SPECviewperf 11
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Gaming graphics
min: 5.9     avg: 6.4     median: 6.4 (81%)     max: 6.6 Points
5.6 Points (71%)
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Graphics
min: 4.7     avg: 5.6     median: 5.1 (65%)     max: 6.6 Points
min: 4.5     avg: 4.9     median: 4.9 (61%)     max: 5.2 Points
Cinebench R10 Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics 4000
Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics 2000
Cinebench R11.5 Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4000