Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) vs Intel HD Graphics 2500 vs Intel HD Graphics 4400

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)

The Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail) is a low-end integrated Bay Trail graphics card found in certain Atom models (Z3770), nettops (J2850) and notebook SoCs (N3510). It supports DirectX 11 and is based on the Ivy Bridge GPU. Clock rates and shader cores, however, are considerably lower.

Compared to Ivy Bridge, which offers either 6 or 16 Execution Units, the HD Graphics (Bay Trail) comes with only 4 EUs. The core clock is significantly lower as well. Depending on the specific model, the maximum Turbo Boost is 896 MHz or less and the memory controller can support DDR3(L), DDR3L-RS or LPDDR3 in single- or dual-channel operation.

The fastest notebook models equipped with this GPU nearly match the performance of the HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) and the AMD Radeon HD 6310. Therefore, older and less demanding Windows games like World of Warcraft or Half-Life 2 can be played fluently in very low settings. Performance is not sufficient for most modern titles.

Compared to competing ARM SoCs, Bay Trail outperforms the Adreno 320 (which can be found in different Qualcomm SoCs like the Snapdragon 600) and offers a performance similar to the Tegra 4 GPU. That is enough power to run even the most demanding Android games smoothly in very high resolutions as of 2013.

The integrated video decoder supports all popular codecs such as MPEG2, H.264, VC1, VP8 and MVC and is suitable for resolutions up to 4K up to 100 Mbit/s. The user can connect up to two displays via HDMI 1.4 (max. 1920 x 1080) or DisplayPort 1.2 (max. 2560 x 1600). Another new feature is the support for Wireless Display and Quick Sync, Intel's fast and power efficient H-264 hardware encoder. Some of these features are not available on all models.

Depending on the model, the power consumption of the entire SoC is somewhere between 2 and 10 W. The most efficient versions are therefore suitable for passively cooled tablets, whereas faster variants are used in larger subnotebooks with active cooling.

Intel HD Graphics 2500

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 2500

The Intel HD Graphics 2500 (or Ivy Bridge GT1) is an integrated graphics card in the Ivy Bridge codenamed desktop processors. It is the successor the the Intel HD Graphics 2000 in the Sandy Bridge CPUs and performs between the old HD 2000 and 3000 GPU (see benchmarks below). Usually it is used in the cheaper desktop Ivy bridge CPUs. The mobile version is simply called Intel HD Graphics and integrated in the Pentium and Celeron line.

Compared to the faster HD Graphics 4000, the 2500 one features less Execution Units (6 versus 16) and only one texture sampler. Therefore, the performance is clearly worse and only suited for low demanding gaming. Intel states a 10 to 15% higher performance compared to the old Sandy Bridge based HD Graphics 2000. Therefore, only older casual games with low requirements are playable with the HD 2500.

A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software.  The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.

The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.

Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays).

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption is relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt). 

Intel HD Graphics 4400

► remove from comparison Intel HD Graphics 4400

The Intel HD Graphics 4400 (GT2) is a processor graphics card included in some of the ULV Haswell processors of 2013. The relatively low base clock can be automatically overclocked using Turbo Boost technology. Depending on the processor model, the turbo clock rates may differ, resulting in varying graphics performance between models.

In comparison to the HD 4000, the HD 4400 graphics core has been modified extensively. The GPU now supports DirectX 11.1, OpenCL 1.2 and OpenGL 4.0. It also features an improved decoder for 4K videos and the fast Quick Sync encoder. Compared to the faster 4600, the 4400 offers the same amount of shaders, but lower clock speeds (see table of clock speeds of the different CPU models below).

The performance of the HD Graphics 4400 is somewhat below the HD 4600, since the GPU is designed for ULV models. Therefore, the clock rates are relatively low. Furthermore, the reduced TDP limits the Turbo Boost. Compared to the ULV versions of the Ivy Bridge HD 4000, the HD 4400 is about 20 - 30 percent faster. This performance boost is achieved by architectural improvements and an increased number of execution units: The GT2 version integrates 20 EUs, compared to 16 EUs for the old HD 4000. Depending on the clock rate, the HD 4400 matches the performance of a dedicated Radeon HD 7550M.

Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption is relatively low. The HD Graphics 4400 can be found on ULV dual-core Haswell models with a TDP of 15 watts.

Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)Intel HD Graphics 2500Intel HD Graphics 4400
ManufacturerIntelIntelIntel
HD Graphics Series
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
HD Graphics P530 24 @ 0.35 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5600 24 @ 0.3 - 1.05 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 6000 48 @ 0.3 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4600 20 @ 0.2 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5500 24 @ 0.3 - 0.95 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5000 40 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4400 20 @ 0.2 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 5300 24 @ 0.1 - 0.9 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4000 16 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Broadwell) 12 @ 0.1 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 4200 20 @ 0.2 - 0.85 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Skylake) 12 @ 0.3 - 0.8 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 405 (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Braswell) 16 @ 0.32 - 0.7 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) 12 @ 0.32 - 0.64 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Haswell) 10 @ 0.2 - 1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Cherry Trail) 16 @ 0.2 - 0.6 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 3000 12 @ 0.35 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2500 6 @ 0.65 - 1.15 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics 2000 6 @ 0.85 - 1.35 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Sandy Bridge) 6 @ 0.35 - 1.1 GHz64/128 Bit
HD Graphics (Bay Trail) 4 @ 0.31 - 0.9 GHz32/64/128 Bit
CodenameBay TrailIvy Bridge GT1Haswell GT2
ArchitectureGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7 Ivy BridgeGen. 7.5 Haswell
Pipelines4 - unified6 - unified20 - unified
Core Speed311 - 896 (Boost) MHz650 - 1150 (Boost) MHz200 - 1100 (Boost) MHz
Memory Bus Width32/64/128 Bit64/128 Bit64/128 Bit
Shared Memoryyesyesyes
DirectXDirectX 11, Shader 5.0DirectX 11.0, Shader 5.0DirectX 11.1, Shader 5.0
technology22 nm22 nm22 nm
Date of Announcement11.09.2013 01.04.2012 05.06.2013
Notebook Sizelarge
FeaturesQuickSync
CPU in HD Graphics (Bay Trail)GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Pentium N35404 x 2160 MHz, 7.5 W313 MHz896 MHz
Intel Pentium J29004 x 2410 MHz, 10 W688 MHz896 MHz
Intel Pentium N35304 x 2160 MHz, 7.5 W313 MHz896 MHz
min. - max.311 - ? MHz400 - 896 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 2500GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i5-35504 x 3300 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1150 MHz
Intel Core i5-34704 x 3200 MHz, 77 W650 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Core i3-32202 x 3300 MHz, 55 W650 MHz1050 MHz
min. - max.311 - ? MHz400 - 1150 MHz
CPU in HD Graphics 4400GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Intel Core i7-4600U2 x 2100 MHz, 15 W200 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Core i7-4510U2 x 2000 MHz, 15 W200 MHz1100 MHz
Intel Core i7-4500U2 x 1800 MHz, 15 W200 MHz1100 MHz
min. - max.200 - ? MHz400 - 1150 MHz

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
1.4 pt (1%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 2500
2.2 pt (2%)
Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - HD Graphics 4400
3.7 pt (4%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 11835     avg: 14513     median: 14748.5 (2%)     max: 17613 Points
37082 Points (6%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
min: 4751     avg: 7342     median: 7498 (1%)     max: 9234 Points
min: 19943     avg: 25546     median: 24573 (3%)     max: 33095 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
min: 354     avg: 1182     median: 1188 (2%)     max: 1703 Points
min: 1906     avg: 2659     median: 2817 (4%)     max: 3095 Points
min: 1733     avg: 3980     median: 3940 (5%)     max: 4989 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
min: 362     avg: 1230     median: 1228.5 (1%)     max: 1670 Points
min: 2301     avg: 2584     median: 2604.5 (1%)     max: 2825 Points
min: 1946     avg: 5040     median: 4953 (2%)     max: 6547 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 83     avg: 185     median: 147 (0%)     max: 495 Points
min: 257     avg: 293     median: 294.5 (1%)     max: 327 Points
min: 352     avg: 543     median: 525 (1%)     max: 700 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 90     avg: 149     median: 149 (0%)     max: 200 Points
min: 289     avg: 320     median: 318 (1%)     max: 353 Points
min: 369     avg: 592     median: 569 (1%)     max: 778 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
min: 5056     avg: 15391     median: 16047 (2%)     max: 21351 Points
min: 21978     avg: 23693     median: 24058 (3%)     max: 24676 Points
min: 12866     avg: 38629     median: 38886.5 (5%)     max: 58126 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 143     avg: 223     median: 216 (1%)     max: 280 Points
min: 374     avg: 419     median: 430 (1%)     max: 449 Points
min: 460     avg: 843     median: 828 (2%)     max: 1032 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 122     avg: 192     median: 186.5 (0%)     max: 237 Points
min: 321     avg: 349     median: 350.5 (1%)     max: 374 Points
min: 399     avg: 755     median: 735.5 (1%)     max: 962 Points
3DMark Vantage
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 2500
3DM Vant. Perf. total + Intel HD Graphics 4400
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 2500
3DM Vant. Perf. GPU no PhysX + Intel HD Graphics 4400
3DMark 2001SE - 3DMark 2001 - Standard
7727 Points (8%)
20814 Points (22%)
20486 Points (21%)
3DMark 03 - 3DMark 03 - Standard
min: 4226     avg: 4997     median: 5220 (3%)     max: 5323 Points
10138 Points (5%)
min: 9129     avg: 12378     median: 13244 (7%)     max: 16040 Points
3DMark 05 - 3DMark 05 - Standard
min: 2666     avg: 3195     median: 3331 (5%)     max: 3445 Points
min: 6341     avg: 6627     median: 6627 (10%)     max: 6913 Points
min: 6313     avg: 8674     median: 8802 (13%)     max: 10495 Points
3DMark 06 3DMark 06 - Score Unknown Settings + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x1024 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
3DMark 06 - Standard 1280x800 + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 DX 11
3.6 fps (1%)
min: 6.5     avg: 7.7     median: 8.2 (3%)     max: 8.4 fps
Unigine Heaven 3.0 - Unigine Heaven 3.0 OpenGL
min: 7     avg: 8.2     median: 8.6 (4%)     max: 9.1 fps
Unigine Heaven 2.1 - Heaven 2.1 high
min: 2.4     avg: 2.8     median: 2.8 (1%)     max: 3.4 fps
min: 7.9     avg: 10.9     median: 10.9 (2%)     max: 15.9 fps
SPECviewperf 11
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 snx-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 tcvis-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 sw-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 proe-05 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 maya-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 lightwave-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
specvp11 ensight-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp11 catia-03 + Intel HD Graphics 2500
SPECviewperf 12
specvp12 sw-03 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 snx-02 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 showcase-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 mediacal-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 maya-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 energy-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 creo-01 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
specvp12 catia-04 + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Gaming graphics
min: 5.2     avg: 6.2     median: 6.5 (82%)     max: 6.5 Points
Windows 7 Experience Index - Win7 Graphics
min: 5.2     avg: 5.5     median: 5.2 (66%)     max: 6.5 Points
Cinebench R10 Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics 2500
Cinebench R10 Shading (32bit) + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Cinebench R11.5 Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 2500
Cinebench R11.5 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Cinebench R15
Cinebench R15 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R15 OpenGL 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4400
Cinebench R15 OpenGL Ref. Match 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics (Bay Trail)
Cinebench R15 OpenGL Ref. Match 64 Bit + Intel HD Graphics 4400