Intel HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) vs Intel HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) vs Intel HD Graphics 5300
Intel HD Graphics 400 (Braswell)► remove from comparison
The Intel HD Graphics 400 (Braswell) is an integrated graphics card in the low end SoCs of the Braswell series (2016 Celeron models). It is based on the same architecture as the integrated GPU of the Broadwell graphics cards (e.g. HD Graphics 5300), but offers less shader cores and slower clock speeds.
It is a rename from the Intel HD Graphics (Braswell) card that included the faster 16 EU model in the Pentium SoCs. See the Intel HD Graphics Braswell graphics card page for benchmarks.
The performance depends on the processor (different boost speed for the GPU) and the used memory.
Gaming performance ist still only suited for older or less demanding games. Often also the processor is limited gaming performance (e.g. in the dual-core N3000).
The SoC also integrates a video decoding engine that should be able to handle 4K H.265 videos.
Intel HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge)► remove from comparison
The Intel HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge) is an integrated graphics card in the mobile Ivy Bridge codenamed processors (Celeron and Pentium). It is the successor the the Intel HD Graphics 2000 in the Sandy Bridge CPUs and performs between the old HD 2000 and 3000 GPU.
Compared to the faster HD Graphics 4000, the HD Graphics features less Execution Units (6 versus 16) and only one texture sampler. Therefore, the performance is clearly worse and only suited for low demanding gaming. Intel states a 10 to 15% higher performance compared to the old Sandy Bridge based HD Graphics 2000 (see our benchmarks below), which is similar to AMDs low-end GPUs like the integrated Radeon HD 8210. Therefore, only casual games with low requirements are playable.
A speciality of the Ivy Bridge GPUs is that 4x MSAA is supported in hardware now. However, 2x is only supported through software. The algorithm to support 2x is going through the 4x pipeline with a software algorithm, so performance is similar to 4x MSAA.
The integrated video decoder called Multi Format Codec Engine (MFX) was also improved and should allow even simultaneus 4K video decoding. DXVAChecker lists MPEG2, VC1, WMV9, and H264 as supported codecs. QuickSync for fast transcoding of videos was also optimized for higher performance and better image quality.
Another new feature is the support for up to 3 independent displays (maybe only with a DisplayPort) as AMD offers with theirs Eyefinity support (up to 6 displays).
Due to the 22nm 3D Tri-Gate production process, the power consumption should be relatively low (the development was focused on performance per Watt).
Intel HD Graphics 5300► remove from comparison
The Intel HD Graphics 5300 (GT2) is an integrated Broadwell graphics card revealed in late 2014. It can be found in Core M ULV SoCs such as the Core M-5Y70. While the GPU shines with its extremely low power consumption, raw performance is quite low and barely sufficient for modern games.
Architecture and Features
Broadwell features a GPU based on the Intel Gen8 architecture, which has been optimized in various aspects compared to the previous Gen7.5 (Haswell). Inter alia, the shader arrays called "subslice" have been reorganized and now offer 8 Execution Units (EUs) each. Three subslices form a "slice" for a total of 24 EUs. Combined with other improvements such as larger L1 caches and an optimized frontend, the integrated GPU has become faster and more efficient than its predecessor.
The HD Graphics 5300 represents the mid-range version of the Broadwell GPU family and consists of one slice with 24 EUs. Beyond that, there is also a low-end variant (GT1, 12 EUs) as well as higher-end models (GT3/GT3e + eDRAM, 48 EUs).
All Broadwell GPUs support OpenCL 2.0 and DirectX 11.2. The video engine can now decode H.265 using both fixed function hardware as well as available GPU shaders. Up to three displays can be connected via DP 1.2/eDP 1.3 (max. 3840 x 2160 @ 60 Hz) or HDMI 1.4a (max. 3840 x 2160 @ 24 Hz). HDMI 2.0, however, is not supported.
Depending on the specific CPU, the maximum GPU frequency varies between 800 and 900 MHz. Due to the very low TDP, however, the average clock in 3D applications will be significantly lower. Therefore, the HD 5300 just barely outperforms the old HD 4000 or HD 4200, but requires much less energy for the same performance.
Only a few games as of 2014/2015 will run fluently at low settings, e.g. Dota 2 or Sims 4.
Thanks to a new 14 nm process, the entire Core M chip is specified at just 4.5 W TDP and is suited for passively cooled tablets. The TDP is flexible and can be reduced or increased, which has a significant impact on performance.
|Intel HD Graphics 400 (Braswell)||Intel HD Graphics (Ivy Bridge)||Intel HD Graphics 5300|
|HD Graphics Series|
|Codename||Braswell||Ivy Bridge GT1||Broadwell GT2|
|Architecture||Gen. 8||Gen. 7 Ivy Bridge||Gen. 8 Broadwell|
|Pipelines||12 - unified||6 - unified||24 - unified|
|Core Speed||320 - 640 (Boost) MHz||350 - 1100 (Boost) MHz||100 - 900 (Boost) MHz|
|Memory Bus Width||64/128 Bit||64/128 Bit||64/128 Bit|
|API||DirectX 11.2, Shader 5.0||DirectX 11.0, Shader 5.0||DirectX 12 (FL 11_1), OpenGL 4.3|
|technology||14 nm||22 nm||14 nm|
|Date of Announcement||01.04.2016||01.10.2012||05.09.2014|