Intel Celeron 3965U vs Intel Core i3-7130U vs Intel Pentium Gold 4425Y
Intel Celeron 3965U► remove from comparison
The Intel Celeron 3965U is an ULV (ultra low voltage) dual-core SoC based on the Kaby-Lake architecture and has been launched in the first quarter of 2017. The CPU can be found in ultrabooks as well as normal notebooks. In addition to two CPU cores without Hyper-Threading clocked at 2.2 GHz (no Turbo Boost), the chip also integrates an HD Graphics 610 GPU and a dual-channel DDR4-2133/DDR3L-1600 memory controller. The SoC is manufactured using a 14 nm process with FinFET transistors.
Intel basically uses the same micro architecture compared to Skylake, so the per-MHz performance does not differ. The manufacturer only reworked the Speed Shift technology for faster dynamic adjustments of voltages and clocks, and the improved 14nm process allows much higher frequencies combined with better efficiency than before.
Due to the missing Turbo Boost and the low clock speeds, especially the single thread performance is very limited which results in a lower performance even for lower demanding tasks. The performance should be between the Intel Pentium 4405U and 4415U. Still, the CPU has sufficient power for office and multimedia purposes.
The integrated graphics unit called HD Graphics 610 (similar to the HD Graphics 510) represents the "GT1" version of the Kaby Lake GPU (Intel Gen. 9). Its 12 Execution Units, also called EUs, are clocked at 300 - 900 MHz and offer a performance somewhat below the older HD Graphics 4400. Only a few games of 2015 can be played smoothly in lowest settings.
Specified at a TDP of 15 W (including CPU, GPU and memory controller), the CPU is best suited for small notebooks and ultrabooks (11-inches and above). Optionally, the TDP can be lowered to 10 watts (cTDP down), reducing both heat dissipation and performance and allowing even more compact designs.
Intel Core i3-7130U► remove from comparison
The Intel Core i3-7100U is a dual-core processor of the Kaby-Lake architecture. It offers two CPU cores clocked at 2.7 GHz (without Turbo Boost) and integrates HyperThreading to work with up to 4 threads at once. The architectural differences are rather small compared to the Skylake generation, therefore the performance per MHz should be very similar. The SoC includes a dual channel DDR4 memory controller and Intel HD Graphics 620 graphics adapter (clocked at 300 MHz to 1,000 MHz). It is manufactured on improved 14 nm Intel process with FinFETs.
The average 7130U in our database only just matches Intel Core i5-4310U, a dual-core CPU of similar energy efficiency that got released in 2014, in multi-thread performance. While not as horribly slow as an Intel Celeron, this Core i3 is unlikely to make a power user happy, being a pretty basic option overall.
This Core i3 has a default TDP, also known as the long-term power limit, of 15 W. Laptop manufacturers are allowed to significantly reduce that value (7.5 W being the lower limit) resulting in lower clock speeds and lower performance. Last but not the least, i3-7130U is manufactured on a very old, as of late 2022, 14 nm Intel process for subpar energy efficiency.
Intel Pentium Gold 4425Y► remove from comparison
The Intel Pentium Gold 4425Y is a low power entry level processor for small laptops or tablets and based on the Kaby Lake architecture. It was announced in Q1 2019 and offers two processor cores clocked at 1.7 GHz (no Turbo Boost). Thanks to Hyper Threading, the processor can execute up to four threads simultaneously. The chips also includes the Intel HD Graphics 615 GPU, a dual-channel memory controller (DDR3L/LPDDR3) as well as VP9 and H.265 video de- and encoder. It is still produced in a 14 nm process with FinFET transistors. Compared to the much faster Core m3-7Y30, the Pentium 4425 offers no Turbo Boost, different CPU and GPU clock speeds, a smaller L3 cache and a higher TDP of 6 Watt. Compared to the predecessor Pentium Gold 4415Y from 2017, the Pentium Gold 4425Y is clocked 100 MHz higher (the CPU cores).
Intel basically used the familiar micro architecture from the Skylake generation, so the per-MHz performance is identical. Only the Speed-Shift technology for faster dynamic adjustments of the voltages and clocks was improved, and the matured 14 nm process now also enables much higher frequencies and better efficiency than before.
Due to the missing Turbo Boost, the Pentium 4425Y offers a significantly worse single thread performance than the more expensive Core m3-7Y30. This should be noticeable in daily tasks. Compared to older CPUs, the Pentium Gold should match a Core i3-4100U (100 MHz higher clock speed but older architecture).
The integrated Intel HD Graphics 615 GPU has 24 Execution Units (EUs) like the old HD Graphics 515 and runs with clocks between 300 and 850 MHz in combination with this processor. The performance heavily depends on the TDP limit as well as the memory configuration; with fast LPDDR3-1866 RAM in dual-channel mode, the GPU should sometimes be able to compete with the HD Graphics 520, but can also be much slower in other scenarios. Modern games from 2016 will, if at all, only run smoothly in the lowest settings.
Contrary to Skylake, Kaby Lake now also supports hardware decoding for H.265/HEVC Main10 with a 10-bit color depth as well as Google's VP9 codec.
The chip is manufactured in an improved 14 nm process with FinFET transistors, so the power efficiency was once again improved significantly. The TDP is rated at 6 Watt and can be reduced to 4,5 Watt (cTDP down).
|Model||Intel Celeron 3965U||Intel Core i3-7130U||Intel Pentium Gold 4425Y|
|Series||Intel Kaby Lake||Intel Kaby Lake||Intel Kaby Lake|
|Codename||Kaby Lake||Kaby Lake||Kaby Lake|
|Series: Kaby Lake Kaby Lake|
|Clock||2200 MHz||2700 MHz||1700 MHz|
|L1 Cache||128 KB||128 KB||128 KB|
|L2 Cache||512 KB||512 KB||512 KB|
|L3 Cache||2 MB||3 MB||2 MB|
|Cores / Threads||2 / 2||2 / 4||2 / 4|
|TDP||15 Watt||15 Watt||6 Watt|
|Technology||14 nm||14 nm||14 nm|
|max. Temp.||100 °C||100 °C||100 °C|
|Features||Dual-Channel LPDDR3-1866/DDR4-2133/DDR3L-1600 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI||Dual-Channel DDR4 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI||Dual-Channel DDR3L-1600/LPDDR3-1866 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NI, TXT|
|iGPU||Intel HD Graphics 610 (300 - 900 MHz)||Intel HD Graphics 620 (300 - 1000 MHz)||Intel UHD Graphics 615 (300 - 850 MHz)|
|$107 U.S.||$161 U.S.|
|Manufacturer||Intel Kaby Lake Celeron 3965U||Intel Kaby Lake i3-7130U||Intel Kaby Lake Pentium 4425Y|