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Qualcomm Adreno 540 vs Qualcomm Adreno 650

Qualcomm Adreno 540

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The Qualcomm Adreno 540 is an integrated graphics card in the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 SoC for smartphones. It was introduced in early 2017 and can be found in high-end Android smartphones. 

The integrated GPU is based on the optimized architecture of the Adreno 530, but features clearly improved clock speeds (710 versus 624 MHz according to Anandtech) and better thermal stability. This is also thanks to the new 10 nm process the Snapdragon 835 is produced in. In the reference smartphone from Qualcomm, the Adreno 540 is able to beat or perform at a similar level as the fastest smartphone graphics cards on the market (e.g. the ARM Mali-T880MP12, ARM Mali-G71MP8 or Apple A10 GPU). Therefore, it should be perfectly suited for demanding 3D gaming and also mobile VR and 4K displays.

Qualcomm Adreno 650

► remove from comparison Qualcomm Adreno 650

The Qualcomm Adreno 650 is a smartphone and tablet GPU that is integrated within the Qualcomm Snapdragon 865, 865+ and 870 SoCs. The chip will be available from early 2020 and will be used mainly in high-end Android devices. The base clock speed of the GPU is 250 MHz and the boost depends on the used SoC. For the 865 it is 587 MHz, the 865 Plus increased to 846 MHz and the 2021 870 reached 670 MHz.

According to Qualcomm, the Adreno 650 GPU offers a 25% improved performance over the Adreno 640, its predecessor, which is integrated into the Snapdragon 855 SoC. The enhanced performance is achieved by the Adreno 650 having 50% more compute units (ALUs) than the Adreno 640. Furthermore, the clock speed of the pixel shaders was also increased by 50%.

The performance in our first benchmarks of a reference system positions itself above the ARM Mali-G76 MP16 and e.g. in 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme even on the top spot. In GFXBench only the Apple A13 GPU is able to best the Adreno 650 (regarding smartphone GPUs).

As a novelty, the GPU driver can be updated in the Android Play Store. Furthermore, some features are running under the Elite Gaming brand (e.g., 144 Hz display support, desktop forward rendering). 

The Adreno 650 supports Vulkan 1.1, DirectX 12, OpenGL ES 3.2, and OpenCL 2.0 FP. Furthermore, games and videos can use HDR10+ and Dolby Vision (with a supported display). The 650 supports 2 displays with up to 4K 60 Hz / QHD+ 144 Hz.

Qualcomm Adreno 540Qualcomm Adreno 650
Adreno 600 Series
Adreno 540 @ 0.71 GHz
Adreno 530 compare @ 0.62 GHz
Adreno 512 compare
Adreno 510 compare
Adreno 509 compare
Adreno 508 compare @ 0.65 GHz
Adreno 506 compare @ 0.65 GHz
Adreno 505 compare @ 0.45 GHz
Adreno 504 compare @ 0.45 GHz
Adreno 660 compare
Adreno 650 @ 0.25 - 0.67 GHz
Adreno 690 compare
Adreno 685 compare
Adreno 680 compare
Adreno 644 compare
Adreno 643 compare @ 0.81 GHz
Adreno 642 compare
Adreno 642L compare
Adreno 640 compare
Adreno 630 compare
Adreno 620 compare
Adreno 619 compare
Adreno 619L compare
Adreno 618 compare
Adreno 616 compare
Adreno 612 compare
Adreno 610 compare
Core Speed710 MHz250 - 670 (Boost) MHz
Shared Memoryyesyes
APIDirectX 12, OpenGL ES 3.2DirectX 12, OpenGL ES 3.2
technology10 nm7 nm
FeaturesOpenGL ES 3.2, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12OpenGL ES 3.2, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12, Vulkan 1.1
Date of Announcement22.03.2017 04.12.2019
ArchitectureAdreno 600
CPU in Adreno 540GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 (8998)8 x 2450 MHz? MHz710 MHz
CPU in Adreno 650GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Qualcomm Snapdragon 870 5G8 x 2420 MHz, 5 W? MHz670 MHz
Qualcomm Snapdragon 865+ (Plus)8 x 2420 MHz, 5 W250 MHz646 MHz
Qualcomm Snapdragon 8658 x 2420 MHz, 5 W250 MHz587 MHz
min. - max.250 - ? MHz587 - 710 MHz

Benchmarks

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy - Adreno 540
0.2 pt (1%)
0.06787 -71%
0.1025 -56%
Qualcomm Adreno 540
0.2337
max:
33.3 14149%
0%
100%
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 16794     avg: 53776     median: 56046.5 (6%)     max: 58360 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
17290 Points (2%)
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
2359 Points (3%)
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
4259 Points (1%)
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 451     avg: 452     median: 452 (1%)     max: 453 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 508     avg: 513     median: 513 (1%)     max: 518 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
17180 Points (2%)
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot (ES 3.0) Unlimited
min: 3586     avg: 4690     median: 4956 (22%)     max: 5269 Points
min: 7970     avg: 9563     median: 9684 (42%)     max: 11492 Points
min: 11617     avg: 13051     median: 12858 (28%)     max: 16809 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited
min: 2866     avg: 3801     median: 3840 (19%)     max: 4101 Points
min: 6960     avg: 8089     median: 8085 (40%)     max: 8975 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited Graphics
min: 3324     avg: 4231     median: 4347 (13%)     max: 4490 Points
min: 8593     avg: 9728     median: 9498 (28%)     max: 11999 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 826     avg: 831     median: 831 (1%)     max: 836 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 786     avg: 791     median: 791 (1%)     max: 796 Points
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 4K Aztec Ruins High Tier Offscreen
min: 9.7     avg: 9.9     median: 10 (4%)     max: 10 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins High Tier Offscreen
min: 9.3     avg: 9.7     median: 9.7 (2%)     max: 9.9 fps
min: 18     avg: 21.1     median: 21 (4%)     max: 27 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins Normal Tier Offscreen
min: 25     avg: 25.6     median: 26 (2%)     max: 26 fps
min: 27     avg: 55     median: 55 (4%)     max: 67 fps
min: 39     avg: 52.6     median: 51 (6%)     max: 62 fps
min: 67     avg: 87.2     median: 88 (2%)     max: 103 fps
min: 96     avg: 125.1     median: 125 (7%)     max: 151 fps
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7
GFXBench T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 540
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7 - GFXBench T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16
min: 69     avg: 107     median: 111.5 (1%)     max: 119 fps
GFXBench T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 650
min: 168     avg: 209.5     median: 206 (2%)     max: 266 fps
Basemark X 1.1 - Basemark X 1.1 High Quality
min: 38752     avg: 38763     median: 38762.5 (88%)     max: 38773 Points
Basemark X 1.1 - Basemark X 1.1 Medium Quality
44696 Points (99%)
Basemark GPU 1.2 - Basemark GPU 1.2 Vulkan Official Medium Offscreen 1080
min: 72.6     avg: 75.5     median: 75 (0%)     max: 78.57 fps
Geekbench 6.2 - Geekbench 6.2 GPU OpenCL
2688 Points (1%)
Geekbench 6.2 - Geekbench 6.2 GPU Vulkan
2532 Points (1%)
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - PerformanceTest Mobile V1 2D Graphics Tests
8356 Points (8%)
54110 Points (54%)
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - PerformanceTest Mobile V1 3D Graphics Tests
3409 Points (6%)
42627 Points (75%)
Power Consumption - GFXBench Aztec Ruins Normal Tier Offscreen Power Consumption 150cd *
min: 5.18     avg: 8.2     median: 7.6 (3%)     max: 12.7 Watt

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Adreno 540 → 100% n=13

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Adreno 650 → 329% n=13

- Range of benchmark values for this graphics card
- Average benchmark values for this graphics card
* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Game Benchmarks

The following benchmarks stem from our benchmarks of review laptops. The performance depends on the used graphics memory, clock rate, processor, system settings, drivers, and operating systems. So the results don't have to be representative for all laptops with this GPU. For detailed information on the benchmark results, click on the fps number.

Diablo Immortal

Diablo Immortal

2022
low Medium
Adreno 650:
60  fps
ultra Ultra
Adreno 650:
60  fps
League of Legends: Wild Rift

League of Legends: Wild Rift

2020
low
100%
Adreno 540:
60  fps
150%
Adreno 650:
60 119 ~ 90 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
60  fps
148%
Adreno 650:
60 117 ~ 89 fps
ultra
100%
Adreno 540:
60  fps
148%
Adreno 650:
60 118 ~ 89 fps
Call of Duty Mobile

Call of Duty Mobile

2020
ultra
Adreno 650:
60  fps
Genshin Impact

Genshin Impact

2020
low
Adreno 650:
60 60 ~ 60 fps
ultra
Adreno 650:
59 60 60 60 ~ 60 fps
Armajet

Armajet

2020
high
Adreno 650:
30 30 30 52 59 60 60 60 60 62 64 85 91 114 117 119 120 ~ 71 fps
PUBG Mobile

PUBG Mobile

2018
low
Adreno 650:
40 40 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 90 90 ~ 61 fps
med.
Adreno 650:
40 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 ~ 58 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
40  fps
133%
Adreno 650:
30 30 30 30 30 39 40 40 40 40 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 ~ 53 fps
ultra
Adreno 650:
40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 ~ 40 fps
World of Tanks Blitz

World of Tanks Blitz

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
91  fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
91  fps
Arena of Valor

Arena of Valor

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
60 62 ~ 61 fps
100%
Adreno 650:
60 60 62 ~ 61 fps
ultra
100%
Adreno 540:
60 61 ~ 61 fps
98%
Adreno 650:
60 60 61 ~ 60 fps
Shadow Fight 3

Shadow Fight 3

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
30 60 ~ 45 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
60 60 ~ 60 fps
Battle Bay

Battle Bay

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
121  fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
121  fps
Dead Trigger 2

Dead Trigger 2

2013
high
100%
Adreno 540:
55 59 59 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 ~ 59 fps
169%
Adreno 650:
60 60 90 105 142 144 ~ 100 fps
Asphalt 8: Airborne

Asphalt 8: Airborne

2013
low
100%
Adreno 540:
30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 ~ 30 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 ~ 30 fps
Asphalt 9: Legends

Asphalt 9: Legends

2013
low
Adreno 650:
30 30 60 60 ~ 45 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
29.5  fps
139%
Adreno 650:
30 30 30 30 30 30 30 58 60 60 60 ~ 41 fps
low 1280x720
100%
Adreno 540:
20.4  fps
med. 1366x768
100%
Adreno 540:
14.2  fps
high 1366x768
100%
Adreno 540:
12.6  fps
Real Racing 3

Real Racing 3

2013
high
100%
Adreno 540:
60  fps
170%
Adreno 650:
60 144 ~ 102 fps
Temple Run 2

Temple Run 2

2013
high
100%
Adreno 540:
60  fps

Average Gaming Qualcomm Adreno 540 → 100%

Average Gaming 30-70 fps → 100%

Average Gaming Qualcomm Adreno 650 → 140%

Average Gaming 30-70 fps → 117%

Qualcomm Adreno 650lowmed.highultraQHD4K
Diablo Immortal6060
League of Legends: Wild Rift908989
Call of Duty Mobile60
Genshin Impact6060
Armajet71
PUBG Mobile61585340
Arena of Valor6160
Dead Trigger 2100
Asphalt 9: Legends4541
Real Racing 3102
< 30 fps
< 60 fps
< 120 fps
≥ 120 fps

1
5

1


2
4

1
5






Qualcomm Adreno 540lowmed.highultraQHD4K
League of Legends: Wild Rift606060
PUBG Mobile40
World of Tanks Blitz9191
Arena of Valor6161
Shadow Fight 34560
Battle Bay121121
Dead Trigger 259
Asphalt 8: Airborne3030
Asphalt 9: Legends29.5
BioShock Infinite20.414.212.6
Real Racing 360
Temple Run 260
< 30 fps
< 60 fps
< 120 fps
≥ 120 fps
1
2
3
1
1


2
3
5
1


2






For more games that might be playable and a list of all games and graphics cards visit our Gaming List

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v1.26
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> Expert Reviews and News on Laptops, Smartphones and Tech Innovations > Benchmarks / Tech > Graphics Card Comparison - Head 2 Head
Redaktion, 2017-09- 8 (Update: 2023-07- 1)