Qualcomm Adreno 540 vs Qualcomm Adreno 650

Qualcomm Adreno 540

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The Qualcomm Adreno 540 is an integrated graphics card in the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 SoC for smartphones. It was introduced in early 2017 and can be found in high-end Android smartphones. 

The integrated GPU is based on the optimized architecture of the Adreno 530, but features clearly improved clock speeds (710 versus 624 MHz according to Anandtech) and better thermal stability. This is also thanks to the new 10 nm process the Snapdragon 835 is produced in. In the reference smartphone from Qualcomm, the Adreno 540 is able to beat or perform at a similar level as the fastest smartphone graphics cards on the market (e.g. the ARM Mali-T880MP12, ARM Mali-G71MP8 or Apple A10 GPU). Therefore, it should be perfectly suited for demanding 3D gaming and also mobile VR and 4K displays.

Qualcomm Adreno 650

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The Qualcomm Adreno 650 is a smartphone and tablet GPU that is integrated within the Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 SoC. The chip will be available from early 2020 and will be used mainly in high-end Android devices.

According to Qualcomm, the Adreno 650 GPU offers a 25% improved performance over the Adreno 640, its predecessor, which is integrated into the Snapdragon 855 SoC. The enhanced performance is achieved by the Adreno 650 having 50% more compute units (ALUs) than the Adreno 640. Furthermore, the clock speed of the pixel shaders was also increased by 50%.

The performance in our first benchmarks of a reference system positions itself above the ARM Mali-G76 MP16 and e.g. in 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme even on the top spot. In GFXBench only the Apple A13 GPU is able to best the Adreno 650 (regarding smartphone GPUs).

As a novelty, the GPU driver can be updated in the Android Play Store. Furthermore, some features are running under the Elite Gaming brand (e.g., 144 Hz display support, desktop forward rendering).

The Adreno 650 supports Vulkan 1.1, DirectX 12, OpenGL ES 3.2, and OpenCL 2.0 FP. Furthermore, games and videos can use HDR10+ and Dolby Vision (with a supported display).

Qualcomm Adreno 540Qualcomm Adreno 650
ManufacturerQualcommQualcomm
Adreno 600 Series
Adreno 540 @ 710 MHz
Adreno 530 compare @ 624 MHz
Adreno 512 compare
Adreno 510 compare
Adreno 509 compare
Adreno 508 compare @ 650 MHz
Adreno 506 compare @ 650 MHz
Adreno 505 compare @ 450 MHz
Adreno 504 compare @ 450 MHz
Adreno 685 compare
Adreno 680 compare
Adreno 650 @ 587 MHz
Adreno 640 compare
Adreno 630 compare
Adreno 620 compare
Adreno 618 compare
Adreno 616 compare
Adreno 612 compare
Adreno 610 compare
Core710 MHz587 MHz
Shared Memoryyesyes
DirectXDirectX 12DirectX 12
Technology10 nm7 nm
FeaturesOpenGL ES 3.2, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12OpenGL ES 3.2, OpenCL 2.0, DirectX 12, Vulkan 1.1
Introduced22.03.2017 04.12.2019
CPU in Adreno 540GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 (8998)8 x 2450 MHz? MHz710 MHz
CPU in Adreno 650GPU Base SpeedGPU Boost / Turbo
Qualcomm Snapdragon 865+ (Plus)8 x 2420 MHz, 5 W? MHz646 MHz
Qualcomm Snapdragon 8658 x 2420 MHz, 5 W? MHz587 MHz
min. - max.? MHz587 - 710 MHz

Performance Rating - 3DMark 11 + Fire Strike + Time Spy
2.1 pt (2%)
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Unlimited Graphics
min: 16794     avg: 53776     median: 56046.5 (10%)     max: 58360 Points
min: 128372     avg: 149618     median: 147936 (27%)     max: 169103 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Extreme Graphics
17290 Points (2%)
17290 Points (2%)
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Score
2359 Points (4%)
2359 Points (4%)
3DMark - 3DMark Cloud Gate Graphics
4259 Points (2%)
4259 Points (2%)
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Score
min: 451     avg: 452     median: 452 (1%)     max: 453 Points
min: 451     avg: 452     median: 452 (1%)     max: 453 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Fire Strike Standard Graphics
min: 508     avg: 513     median: 513 (1%)     max: 518 Points
min: 508     avg: 513     median: 513 (1%)     max: 518 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Ice Storm Graphics
17180 Points (2%)
17180 Points (2%)
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot (ES 3.0) Unlimited
min: 3586     avg: 4690     median: 4956 (37%)     max: 5269 Points
min: 8499     avg: 9472     median: 9721 (72%)     max: 10090 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot (ES 3.0) Unlimited Graphics
min: 3682     avg: 5894     median: 6245.5 (22%)     max: 6475 Points
min: 11617     avg: 12726     median: 12694 (44%)     max: 13779 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited
min: 2866     avg: 3801     median: 3840 (46%)     max: 4101 Points
min: 7369     avg: 8042     median: 8105 (97%)     max: 8386 Points
3DMark - 3DMark Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited Graphics
min: 3324     avg: 4231     median: 4347 (43%)     max: 4490 Points
min: 9157     avg: 9508     median: 9436.5 (94%)     max: 10043 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance Score
min: 826     avg: 831     median: 831 (2%)     max: 836 Points
min: 826     avg: 831     median: 831 (2%)     max: 836 Points
3DMark 11 - 3DM11 Performance GPU
min: 786     avg: 791     median: 791 (1%)     max: 796 Points
min: 786     avg: 791     median: 791 (1%)     max: 796 Points
GFXBench (DX / GLBenchmark) 2.7
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 540
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Offscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 650
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 540
GLBench 2.7 T-Rex HD Onscreen C24Z16 + Qualcomm Adreno 650
GFXBench 3.0 - GFXBench 3.0 Manhattan Offscreen
min: 43     avg: 55.2     median: 54 (9%)     max: 64 fps
min: 96     avg: 123     median: 123 (20%)     max: 134 fps
GFXBench 3.0 - GFXBench 3.0 Manhattan
min: 29     avg: 42.3     median: 40 (11%)     max: 58 fps
min: 58     avg: 72.4     median: 67 (18%)     max: 109 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins High Tier Onscreen
min: 8.9     avg: 12.9     median: 15 (10%)     max: 16 fps
min: 18     avg: 27.5     median: 29.5 (19%)     max: 35 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins High Tier Offscreen
min: 9.3     avg: 9.7     median: 9.7 (4%)     max: 9.9 fps
min: 20     avg: 20.5     median: 20 (8%)     max: 22 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins Normal Tier Onscreen
min: 14     avg: 20.8     median: 24 (12%)     max: 26 fps
min: 27     avg: 42.8     median: 45.5 (22%)     max: 54 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench 5.0 Aztec Ruins Normal Tier Offscreen
min: 25     avg: 25.6     median: 26 (4%)     max: 26 fps
min: 27     avg: 52.2     median: 53 (9%)     max: 58 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench Car Chase Offscreen
min: 22     avg: 24.5     median: 24 (6%)     max: 26 fps
min: 39     avg: 50.7     median: 51 (12%)     max: 57 fps
GFXBench - GFXBench Car Chase Onscreen
min: 11     avg: 19.5     median: 15 (6%)     max: 50 fps
min: 24     avg: 39     median: 42 (16%)     max: 52 fps
Basemark X 1.1 - Basemark X 1.1 High Quality
min: 38752     avg: 38763     median: 38762.5 (88%)     max: 38773 Points
min: 38752     avg: 38762.5     median: 38762.5 (88%)     max: 38773 Points
Basemark X 1.1 - Basemark X 1.1 Medium Quality
44696 Points (99%)
44696 Points (99%)
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - PerformanceTest Mobile 2D Graphics Tests
8356 Points (27%)
8356 Points (27%)
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - PerformanceTest Mobile 3D Graphics Tests
3409 Points (12%)
3409 Points (12%)

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Adreno 540 → 100% n=27

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Adreno 650 → 160% n=27

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

Genshin Impact

Genshin Impact

2020
low
Adreno 650:
60 fps 60 fps ~ 60 fps
ultra
Adreno 650:
59 fps 60 fps ~ 60 fps
Armajet

Armajet

2020
high
Adreno 650:
62 fps 91 fps 114 fps ~ 89 fps
PUBG Mobile

PUBG Mobile

2018
low
Adreno 650:
40 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps ~ 58 fps
med.
Adreno 650:
40 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps ~ 55 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
40 fps  fps
135%
Adreno 650:
30 fps 39 fps 40 fps 40 fps 40 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps 60 fps ~ 54 fps
ultra
Adreno 650:
40 fps 40 fps ~ 40 fps
World of Tanks Blitz

World of Tanks Blitz

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
91 fps  fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
91 fps  fps
Arena of Valor

Arena of Valor

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
60 fps 62 fps ~ 61 fps
100%
Adreno 650:
60 fps 60 fps 62 fps ~ 61 fps
ultra
100%
Adreno 540:
60 fps 61 fps ~ 61 fps
98%
Adreno 650:
60 fps 60 fps 61 fps ~ 60 fps
Shadow Fight 3

Shadow Fight 3

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
30 fps 60 fps ~ 45 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
60 fps 60 fps ~ 60 fps
Battle Bay

Battle Bay

2018
low
100%
Adreno 540:
121 fps  fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
121 fps  fps
Dead Trigger 2

Dead Trigger 2

2013
high
100%
Adreno 540:
55 59 59 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 ~ 59 fps
168%
Adreno 650:
60 fps 60 fps 90 fps 142 fps 144 fps ~ 99 fps
Asphalt 8: Airborne

Asphalt 8: Airborne

2013
low
100%
Adreno 540:
30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 ~ 30 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 ~ 30 fps
Asphalt 9: Legends

Asphalt 9: Legends

2013
low
Adreno 650:
30 fps 30 fps 60 fps ~ 40 fps
high
100%
Adreno 540:
29.5 fps  fps
122%
Adreno 650: