Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 vs Apple A12 Bionic

Qualcomm Snapdragon 855

► remove Qualcomm 855

The Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 Mobile Platform is a high-end smartphone and tablet SoC that Qualcomm announced in December 2018. The SoC integrates a fast ‘Prime Core’ that clocks up to 2.84 GHz and three further fast ARM Cortex-A76 performance cores, which can reach up to 2.42 GHz. These are complemented by four power-saving ARM Cortex-A55 cores that clock up to a maximum of 1.8 GHz. The higher ‘Prime Core’ clock speed should provide significantly better single core performance than the Snapdragon 845, but we suspect that the Snapdragon 855 will fall short of the Apple A12 Bionic. The new SoC should have up to 45% faster single-core performance and 35% multi-core performance than its predecessor. Qualcomm praises the Snapdragon 855’s ability to maintain its performance when faced with sustained load, beating the Apple A12 Bionic SoC and the HiSilicon Kirin 980.

The SoC also integrates the new X24 LTE modem that Qualcomm promises will deliver up to 2 Gbit/s maximum download speed over LTE Cat.20 and up to 316 Mbit/s upload speeds. The Snapdragon 855 can be configured with the company’s new X50 5G modem too.

Qualcomm has also improved the integrated Wi-Fi modem, which is Wi-Fi 6-ready, has 8x8 Sounding and supports up to 802.11 ay Wi-Fi. The Wi-Fi modem can utilise the 60 GHz mmWave band for up to 10 Gbit/s internet speeds.

The Hexagon 690 DSP has undergone the most revisions of that which Qualcomm has integrated into the Snapdragon 855. The new DSP incorporates a neural processing unit (NPU) with dedicated Tensor-cores that can execute up to 7 trillion operations per second in conjunction with the CPU and GPU. In short, the Snapdragon 855 should be three times faster than the Snapdragon 845 and two times faster than the Kirin 980 SoC.

The Snapdragon 855 also has a Spectra 380 ISP onboard, which is the world’s first chip to incorporate a Computer Vision Engine (CV-ISP) that can perform depth calculations in videos at up to 60 FPS. The Snapdragon 855 should deliver real-time portrait modes or be able to detect objects with relatively low power consumption.

The built-in memory controller supports up to 16 GB LPDDR4x RAM (4 x 16-bit). Moreover, the Adreno 640 has 50% more compute units (ALUs) than the Adreno 630, while Qualcomm claims that it should be 20% faster than its predecessor. We currently do not know what clock speeds the Adreno 640 will operate at as Qualcomm did not announce these during the announcement of the Snapdragon 855.

Qualcomm will manufacturer the Snapdragon 855 at the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) using a 7 nm FinFET process. The switch to 7 nm manufacturing should make the SD855 20% more efficient than the SD845. Qualcomm has not officially announced the thermal design power (TDP) of the SD855, but we suspect that the SoC will reach a maximum of 5 W and will average around 3.5 W under load.

Apple A12 Bionic

► remove Apple A12 Bionic

The Apple A12 Bionic is a System on a Chip (SoC) from Apple that is found in the iPhone Xs and Xr. It was announced late 2018 and offers 6 cores divided in 2 performance cores and four power efficiency cores. Compared to the previous A11 Bionic, the A12 should offer a 15% improved CPU performance for the performance cores and a 50% lower power consumption for the efficiency cores (both according to Apple).

The chip also includes a new GPU that is advertised as 50% faster, the M12 Motion co-processor and a Neural Engine with 8 cores for up to 5 trillion operations per second.

With 6.9 billion transistors, the A12 Bionic is a big chip especially compared to the Snapdragon 835 (3 Billion) or a Skylake desktop quad-core Soc (1.75 Billion). Compared to the A11, the A12 integrates 60% more transistors.

Qualcomm Snapdragon 855Apple A12 Bionic
Qualcomm SnapdragonApple Apple A-Series
Cortex-A76 / A55 (Kryo 485)
: Apple A-Series
Qualcomm Snapdragon 855+ / 855 Plus (compare) - 2960 MHz8 / 85 MB
» Qualcomm Snapdragon 8552840 MHz8 / 85 MB
Apple A13 Bionic (compare)6 / 6
» Apple A12 Bionic - 2490 MHz6 / 6
2840 MHz <=2490 MHz
5 MB
8 / 86 / 6
5
7 7
X24 LTE Modem, Adreno 640 GPUARMv8 Instruction Set
iGPUQualcomm Adreno 640Apple A12 Bionic GPU
Qualcomm Snapdragon 855
256 KB
8 MB
6900

3DMark - Ice Storm Unlimited Physics 1280x720 offscreen
100%
855 +
min: 20636     avg: 31287.9     median: 30857 (36%)     max: 45072 Points
min: 27400     avg: 27548     median: 27547 (32%)     max: 27717 Points
3DMark - Sling Shot Extreme (ES 3.1) Unlimited Physics 2560x1440
100%
855 +
min: 1934     avg: 3794.4     median: 4037 (51%)     max: 4535 Points
min: 2723     avg: 3060.4     median: 3030 (38%)     max: 3347 Points
3DMark - Sling Shot OpenGL ES 3.0 Unlimited Physics 2560x1440
100%
855 +
min: 2345     avg: 3840.1     median: 4047 (86%)     max: 4703 Points
min: 2880     avg: 3129.4     median: 2961 (63%)     max: 3493 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Stream
100%
855 +
min: 1658     avg: 1926     median: 1926 (16%)     max: 2194 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Memory
100%
855 +
min: 3919     avg: 4247     median: 4247 (39%)     max: 4575 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Floating Point
100%
855 +
min: 11986     avg: 14902.5     median: 14902 (25%)     max: 17819 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Integer
100%
855 +
min: 5470     avg: 6619.5     median: 6619 (11%)     max: 7769 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Total Score
100%
855 +
min: 7059     avg: 8574.5     median: 8574 (20%)     max: 10090 Points
Geekbench 3 - 32 Bit Multi-Core Score
100%
855 +
9555 Points (12%)
Geekbench 3 - 32 Bit Single-Core Score
100%
855 +
2891 Points (59%)
Geekbench 3 - 64 Bit Multi-Core Score
0 Points (0%)
Geekbench 3 - 64 Bit Single-Core Score
0 Points (0%)
Geekbench 4.0 - Compute RenderScript Score
100%
855 +
min: 4502     avg: 4725     median: 4725 (37%)     max: 4948 Points
Geekbench 4.0 - 64 Bit Multi-Core Score
100%
855 +
min: 10163     avg: 10529     median: 10529 (35%)     max: 10895 Points
Geekbench 4.0 - 64 Bit Single-Core Score
100%
855 +
min: 3295     avg: 3548     median: 3548 (59%)     max: 3801 Points
Geekbench 4.4 - 64 Bit Single-Core Score
100%
855 +
min: 3406     avg: 3485.9     median: 3506 (55%)     max: 3537 Points
min: 4750     avg: 4778.8     median: 4774 (75%)     max: 4824 Points
Geekbench 4.4 - 64 Bit Multi-Core Score
100%
855 +
min: 10187     avg: 10960.4     median: 10999 (19%)     max: 11388 Points
min: 11244     avg: 11417.6     median: 11480 (20%)     max: 11598 Points
Mozilla Kraken 1.1 - Total Score *
100%
855 +
min: 1851     avg: 2128.1     median: 2039 (3%)     max: 2610 ms
min: 603     avg: 621.7     median: 610 (1%)     max: 643 ms
Octane V2 - Total Score
100%
855 +
min: 17011     avg: 23211.1     median: 24220 (46%)     max: 25640 Points
min: 41367     avg: 42485.6     median: 42897 (82%)     max: 43280 Points
AnTuTu v6 - Total Score
100%
855 +
min: 239512     avg: 255436     median: 255924 (87%)     max: 268271 Points
PassMark PerformanceTest Mobile V1 - CPU Tests
100%
855 +
min: 197214     avg: 236383     median: 246456 (32%)     max: 265478 Points
min: 482773     avg: 486852     median: 486197 (64%)     max: 491585 Points
PCMark for Android - Computer Vision score
100%
855 +
min: 5121     avg: 6981     median: 6544 (53%)     max: 12391 Points
PCMark for Android - Storage score
100%
855 +
min: 5578     avg: 10676.3     median: 9722 (43%)     max: 15998 Points
PCMark for Android - Work 2.0 performance score
100%
855 +
min: 8342     avg: 9636.2     median: 9655 (81%)     max: 11440 Points
PCMark for Android - Work performance score
100%
855 +
min: 10330     avg: 12135.8     median: 11890 (61%)     max: 14439 Points

Average Benchmarks Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 → 100%

Average Benchmarks Apple A12 Bionic → 119%

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

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> Notebook / Laptop Reviews and News > Benchmarks / Tech > Processor Comparison - Head 2 Head
Redaktion, 2017-09- 8 (Update: 2017-09-11)