Intel Core i7-4720HQ vs Intel Core i7-4810MQ vs Intel Core i7-4800MQ

Intel Core i7-4720HQ

► remove Intel 4720HQ

The Intel Core i7-4720HQ is a high-end quad-core processor for laptops. It is based on the Haswell architecture and manufactured in 22nm. Due to Hyperthreading, the four cores can handle up to eight threads in parallel leading to better utilization of the CPU. Each core offers a base speed of 2.6 GHz but can dynamically increase clock rates with Turbo Boost up to 3.4 GHz (for 4 active cores), 3.5 GHz (for 2 active cores) and 3.6 GHz (for 1 active core). Compared to the previous i7-4710HQ, the i7-4720HQ is clocked exactly 100 MHz higher.

Architecture

Haswell is the successor to the Ivy Bridge architecture with improvements on both GPU and CPU performance. The CPUs are produced in 22nm and offer an optimized branch prediction as well as additional execution ports. Furthermore, new features like AVX2 and FMA should increase the performance in future applications.

Performance

The performance of the Core i7-4720HQ is similar to the Core i7-4860HQ or the Ivy Bridge-based i7-3840QM. Even extremly demanding software or multitasking will be handled easily.

Graphics

The integrated Intel HD Graphics 4600 offers 20 Execution Units (EUs) clocked at 400 MHz up to 1200 MHz with Turbo Boost, making it about 30 % faster than the HD 4000 and comparable to a dedicated GeForce 820M.

Power Consumption

The i7-4720HQ is rated at a TDP of 47 W including graphics card, memory controller and VRMs. Therefore, the CPU is only suited for laptops 15-inches or greater.

Intel Core i7-4810MQ

► remove Intel 4810MQ

The Intel Core i7-4810MQ is a high-end quad-core processor for laptops which has been launched in Q1/2014. It is based on the Haswell architecture and manufactured in 22nm. Due to Hyperthreading, the four cores can handle up to eight threads in parallel leading to better utilization of the CPU. Each core offers a base speed of 2.8 GHz but can dynamically increase clock rates with Turbo Boost up to 3.6 GHz (for 4 active cores), 3.7 GHz (for 2 active cores) and 3.8 GHz (for 1 active core).

Architecture

Haswell is the successor to the Ivy Bridge architecture with improvements on both GPU and CPU performance. The CPUs are produced in 22nm and offer an optimized branch prediction as well as additional execution ports, improving the performance per clock by 5 - 10 percent. Furthermore, new features like AVX2 and FMA should increase the performance in future applications.

Performance

Compared to the Core i7-4800MQ, the 4810MQ is clocked just 100 MHz higher and therefore only slightly faster. Overall, the performance is almost similar to the Core i7-4900MQ. Even extremly demanding software or multitasking will be handled easily.

Graphics

The integrated Intel HD Graphics 4600 offers 20 Execution Units (EUs) clocked at 400 MHz up to 1300 MHz with Turbo Boost, making it about 30 % faster than the HD 4000. This is slightly slower than the AMD Radeon HD 8650G, but similar to a dedicated GeForce GT 720M.

Power Consumption

The i7-4810MQ is rated at a TDP of 47 W including graphics card, memory controller and VRMs.  Therefore, the CPU is only suited for laptops 15-inches or greater.

Intel Core i7-4800MQ

► remove Intel 4800MQ

The Intel Core i7-4800MQ is a high-end quad-core processor for laptops which has been launched in Q2/2013. It is based on the Haswell architecture and manufactured in 22nm. Due to Hyperthreading, the four cores can handle up to eight threads in parallel leading to better utilization of the CPU. Each core offers a base speed of 2.7 GHz but can dynamically increase clock rates with Turbo Boost up to 3.5 GHz (for 4 active cores), 3.6 GHz (for 2 active cores) and 3.7 GHz (for 1 active core).

Haswell is the successor to the Ivy Bridge architecture with improvements on both GPU and CPU performance. The CPUs are produced in 22nm and offer an optimized branch prediction as well as additional execution ports, improving the performance per clock by almost 10 percent. Furthermore, new features like AVX2 and FMA should increase the performance in future applications.

Due to these changes, the performance has been improved slightly compared to Ivy Bridge. Therefore, the 4800MQ is about 10 % faster than the former i7-3740QM.

The integrated Intel HD Graphics 4600 offers 20 Execution Units (EUs) clocked at 400 MHz up to 1300 MHz with Turbo Boost, making it about 30 % faster than the HD 4000.

The i7-4800MQ is rated at a TDP of 47 W including graphics card, memory controller and VRMs.  Therefore, the CPU is only suited for laptops 15-inches or greater.

Intel Core i7-4720HQIntel Core i7-4810MQIntel Core i7-4800MQ
Intel Core i7Intel Core i7Intel Core i7
HaswellHaswellHaswell
: Core i7 Haswell
Intel Core i7-4940MX3100 - 4000 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4930MX3000 - 3900 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4980HQ2800 - 4000 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4910MQ2900 - 3900 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4900MQ2800 - 3800 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4960HQ2600 - 3800 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4810MQ2800 - 3800 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4870HQ2500 - 3700 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4800MQ2700 - 3700 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4950HQ2400 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4860HQ2400 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
» Intel Core i7-4720HQ2600 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4850HQ2300 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4710HQ2500 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4710MQ2500 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4770HQ2200 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4700HQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4700MQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4760HQ2100 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4722HQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4712HQ2300 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4712MQ2300 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4750HQ2000 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4702HQ2200 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4702MQ2200 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4610M3000 - 3700 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4600M2900 - 3600 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4578U3000 - 3500 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4558U2800 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4600U2100 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4650U1700 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4510U2000 - 3100 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4500U1800 - 3000 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4550U1500 - 3000 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4610Y1700 - 2900 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4940MX3100 - 4000 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4930MX3000 - 3900 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4980HQ2800 - 4000 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4910MQ2900 - 3900 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4900MQ2800 - 3800 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4960HQ2600 - 3800 MHz4 / 86 MB
» Intel Core i7-4810MQ2800 - 3800 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4870HQ2500 - 3700 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4800MQ2700 - 3700 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4950HQ2400 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4860HQ2400 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4720HQ2600 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4850HQ2300 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4710HQ2500 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4710MQ2500 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4770HQ2200 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4700HQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4700MQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4760HQ2100 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4722HQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4712HQ2300 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4712MQ2300 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4750HQ2000 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4702HQ2200 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4702MQ2200 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4610M3000 - 3700 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4600M2900 - 3600 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4578U3000 - 3500 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4558U2800 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4600U2100 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4650U1700 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4510U2000 - 3100 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4500U1800 - 3000 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4550U1500 - 3000 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4610Y1700 - 2900 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4940MX3100 - 4000 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4930MX3000 - 3900 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4980HQ2800 - 4000 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4910MQ2900 - 3900 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4900MQ2800 - 3800 MHz4 / 88 MB
Intel Core i7-4960HQ2600 - 3800 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4810MQ2800 - 3800 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4870HQ2500 - 3700 MHz4 / 86 MB
» Intel Core i7-4800MQ2700 - 3700 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4950HQ2400 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4860HQ2400 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4720HQ2600 - 3600 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4850HQ2300 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4710HQ2500 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4710MQ2500 - 3500 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4770HQ2200 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4700HQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4700MQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4760HQ2100 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4722HQ2400 - 3400 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4712HQ2300 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4712MQ2300 - 3300 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4750HQ2000 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4702HQ2200 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4702MQ2200 - 3200 MHz4 / 86 MB
Intel Core i7-4610M3000 - 3700 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4600M2900 - 3600 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4578U3000 - 3500 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4558U2800 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4600U2100 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4650U1700 - 3300 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4510U2000 - 3100 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4500U1800 - 3000 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4550U1500 - 3000 MHz2 / 44 MB
Intel Core i7-4610Y1700 - 2900 MHz2 / 44 MB
2600 - 3600 MHz2800 - 3800 MHz2700 - 3700 MHz
256 KB256 KB256 KB
1 MB1 MB1 MB
6 MB6 MB6 MB
4 / 84 / 84 / 8
47 47 47
1400 1400 1400
22 22 22
177 mm2177 mm2177 mm2
100 °C100 °C100 °C
FCBGA1364rPGArPGA
HD Graphics 4600 (400 - 1200 MHz), DDR3(L)-1600 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, AES-NIHD Graphics 4600 (400 - 1300 MHz), DDR3(L)-1600 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, vPro, AES-NIHD Graphics 4600 (400 - 1300 MHz), DDR3(L)-1600 Memory Controller, HyperThreading, AVX, AVX2, Quick Sync, Virtualization, vPro, AES-NI
iGPUIntel HD Graphics 4600 (400 - 1200 MHz)Intel HD Graphics 4600 (400 - 1300 MHz)Intel HD Graphics 4600 (400 - 1300 MHz)
$378 U.S.$378 U.S.$378 U.S.
Intel Core i7 4720HQIntel Core i7 4810MQIntel Core i7 4800MQ

Cinebench R15 - CPU Multi 64Bit
min: 491     avg: 628.2     median: 642 (15%)     max: 678 Points
min: 623     avg: 650.3     median: 647 (15%)     max: 696 Points
min: 529     avg: 648.1     median: 663 (15%)     max: 684 Points
Cinebench R15 - CPU Single 64Bit
min: 108     avg: 135.6     median: 138 (63%)     max: 144 Points
min: 145     avg: 147.6     median: 148 (68%)     max: 151 Points
min: 137     avg: 141.2     median: 142 (65%)     max: 145 Points
Cinebench R11.5 - CPU Multi 64Bit
min: 5.48     avg: 6.9     median: 7 (26%)     max: 7.37 Points
min: 6.66     avg: 7     median: 7 (26%)     max: 7.5 Points
min: 5.49     avg: 7.1     median: 7.2 (27%)     max: 7.61 Points
Cinebench R11.5 - CPU Single 64Bit
min: 1.13     avg: 1.6     median: 1.6 (64%)     max: 1.61 Points
min: 1.64     avg: 1.7     median: 1.7 (68%)     max: 1.68 Points
min: 1.55     avg: 1.6     median: 1.6 (67%)     max: 1.68 Points
Cinebench R10 - Rendering Single 32Bit
min: 5040     avg: 5155.5     median: 5145 (56%)     max: 5347 Points
min: 5430     avg: 5445     median: 5445 (60%)     max: 5460 Points
min: 5009     avg: 5210.1     median: 5233 (57%)     max: 5428 Points
Cinebench R10 - Rendering Multiple CPUs 32Bit
min: 16073     avg: 19181.2     median: 19580 (39%)     max: 20120 Points
min: 18564     avg: 19147.5     median: 19147.5 (38%)     max: 19731 Points
min: 15633     avg: 19352.6     median: 20089 (40%)     max: 20736 Points
Cinebench R10 - Rendering Multiple CPUs 64Bit
min: 21986     avg: 24798.8     median: 25500 (34%)     max: 26382 Points
min: 23921     avg: 24926     median: 24926 (33%)     max: 25931 Points
min: 21426     avg: 25633.2     median: 26343 (35%)     max: 27104 Points
Cinebench R10 - Rendering Single CPUs 64Bit
min: 6519     avg: 6774.8     median: 6732 (65%)     max: 6964 Points
min: 6954     avg: 7058.5     median: 7058.5 (69%)     max: 7163 Points
min: 6602     avg: 6992.6     median: 7052 (69%)     max: 7270 Points
wPrime 2.0x - 1024m *
min: 221.718     avg: 245.2     median: 240.8 (3%)     max: 287.149 seconds
min: 270     avg: 326.2     median: 326.1 (4%)     max: 382.292 seconds
min: 224.985     avg: 253.4     median: 245.6 (3%)     max: 286.7 seconds
wPrime 2.0x - 32m *
min: 7.154     avg: 7.5     median: 7.3 (1%)     max: 8.124 seconds
min: 7.64     avg: 9.9     median: 9.9 (2%)     max: 12.217 seconds
min: 6.955     avg: 8     median: 7.7 (2%)     max: 9.7 seconds
WinRAR - Result
4281 KB/s (50%)
min: 3054     avg: 3466.5     median: 3466.5 (41%)     max: 3879 KB/s
min: 4431     avg: 4588.7     median: 4473 (53%)     max: 4862 KB/s
X264 HD Benchmark 4.0 - Pass 2
min: 32     avg: 37.7     median: 37.8 (1%)     max: 41 fps
38.3 fps (1%)
min: 34.6     avg: 39.9     median: 41.5 (1%)     max: 42 fps
X264 HD Benchmark 4.0 - Pass 1
min: 117     avg: 149.2     median: 152.4 (56%)     max: 159.31 fps
146 fps (54%)
min: 143.2     avg: 156.6     median: 160.1 (59%)     max: 163 fps
TrueCrypt - Serpent Mean 100MB
min: 0.342     avg: 0.4     median: 0.4 (19%)     max: 0.364 GB/s
0.3 GB/s (17%)
min: 0.313     avg: 0.4     median: 0.4 (20%)     max: 0.424 GB/s
TrueCrypt - Twofish Mean 100MB
min: 0.602     avg: 0.6     median: 0.6 (21%)     max: 0.645 GB/s
0.6 GB/s (20%)
min: 0.522     avg: 0.6     median: 0.6 (22%)     max: 0.723 GB/s
TrueCrypt - AES Mean 100MB
min: 2.5     avg: 3.7     median: 3.9 (20%)     max: 4 GB/s
3.7 GB/s (19%)
min: 3.3     avg: 4     median: 4.1 (21%)     max: 4.4 GB/s
3DMark 06 - CPU
min: 6222     avg: 6921.8     median: 6930 (48%)     max: 7380 Points
7049 Points (49%)
min: 5411     avg: 7049     median: 7265 (50%)     max: 7585 Points
Super Pi mod 1.5 XS 1M *
min: 10     avg: 10.4     median: 10.3 (2%)     max: 10.719 Seconds
min: 9.86     avg: 10.9     median: 10.9 (2%)     max: 12 Seconds
min: 9.86     avg: 10.2     median: 10 (2%)     max: 11.148 Seconds
Super Pi mod 1.5 XS 2M *
min: 23.438     avg: 24     median: 23.9 (1%)     max: 24.643 Seconds
min: 22.261     avg: 22.6     median: 22.6 (1%)     max: 23 Seconds
min: 22.61     avg: 23.3     median: 23.1 (1%)     max: 24.982 Seconds
Super Pi Mod 1.5 XS 32M *
min: 543     avg: 562.4     median: 563.1 (3%)     max: 581.396 Seconds
min: 522.32     avg: 546.7     median: 546.7 (2%)     max: 571 Seconds
min: 523.414     avg: 536.1     median: 535 (2%)     max: 552.272 Seconds
SiSoft Sandra Dhrystone (MIPS)
min: 107890     avg: 126580     median: 126580 (60%)     max: 145270 MIPS
min: 152.56     avg: 92658.1     median: 103935 (49%)     max: 162610 MIPS
SiSoft Sandra Whetstone (MFLOPS)
min: 79690     avg: 79945     median: 79945 (61%)     max: 80200 MFLOPS
min: 86.67     avg: 63356.7     median: 81295 (62%)     max: 90750 MFLOPS
Windows 7 Experience Index - Processor
min: 7.6     avg: 7.7     median: 7.7 (98%)     max: 7.7 points
min: 7.4     avg: 7.6     median: 7.7 (99%)     max: 7.8 points
3DMark Vantage - P CPU no PhysX 1280x1024
min: 22350     avg: 23618.5     median: 23618.5 (40%)     max: 24887 Points
min: 22292     avg: 23470.2     median: 23348 (39%)     max: 24893 Points
min: 19618     avg: 23880.2     median: 24234 (41%)     max: 25503 Points
3DMark 11 - Performance Physics 1280x720
min: 5596     avg: 7528.9     median: 7718 (42%)     max: 8384 points
min: 7507     avg: 8043.4     median: 8012 (43%)     max: 8498 points
min: 6888     avg: 7843.1     median: 7896 (43%)     max: 9169 points
3DMark - Ice Storm Standard Physics 1280x720
min: 29156     avg: 41133.6     median: 42684 (27%)     max: 46247 Points
min: 42114     avg: 45670.3     median: 46717 (30%)     max: 48857 Points
min: 33398     avg: 44630     median: 46157 (30%)     max: 48964 Points
3DMark - Ice Storm Extreme Physics 1920x1080
min: 34245     avg: 42516     median: 44007 (52%)     max: 46027 Points
min: 36993     avg: 44305     median: 46378.5 (55%)     max: 47470 Points
3DMark - Ice Storm Unlimited Physics 1280x720 offscreen
min: 39641     avg: 45909.1     median: 46222 (53%)     max: 48489 Points
min: 47915     avg: 48105.5     median: 48105.5 (56%)     max: 48296 Points
3DMark - Cloud Gate Standard Physics 1280x720
min: 4159     avg: 5980.6     median: 6048 (15%)     max: 6845 Points
min: 6064     avg: 6571.6     median: 6426 (16%)     max: 7231 Points
min: 5427     avg: 6589.9     median: 6686 (17%)     max: 7326 Points
3DMark - Fire Strike Physics 1920x1080
min: 6388     avg: 8643     median: 9059 (33%)     max: 9561 Points
min: 8331     avg: 9149.6     median: 9175 (34%)     max: 10087 Points
min: 7609     avg: 9332.8     median: 9544 (35%)     max: 10005 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Stream
min: 8714     avg: 8744     median: 8744 (71%)     max: 8774 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Memory
min: 8038     avg: 8082.5     median: 8082.5 (73%)     max: 8127 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Floating Point
min: 12740     avg: 13181.5     median: 13181.5 (38%)     max: 13623 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Integer
min: 11277     avg: 11803     median: 11803 (36%)     max: 12329 Points
Geekbench 2 - 32 Bit - Total Score
min: 10908     avg: 11235     median: 11235 (43%)     max: 11562 Points
Geekbench 3 - 32 Bit Multi-Core Score
min: 10551     avg: 12015     median: 12295.5 (39%)     max: 12654 Points
11663 Points (37%)
12753 Points (41%)
Geekbench 3 - 32 Bit Single-Core Score
min: 3069     avg: 3284.4     median: 3320.5 (69%)     max: 3407 Points
3506 Points (73%)
3355 Points (70%)
Geekbench 3 - 64 Bit Multi-Core Score
min: 12956     avg: 13053.5     median: 13053.5 (35%)     max: 13151 Points
Geekbench 3 - 64 Bit Single-Core Score
min: 3503     avg: 3522     median: 3522 (72%)     max: 3541 Points
Mozilla Kraken 1.1 - Total Score *
min: 1127.8     avg: 1954.6     median: 1955.8 (3%)     max: 2654.6 ms
Sunspider - 1.0 Total Score *
min: 81.1     avg: 98.1     median: 84.5 (1%)     max: 180.4 ms
Octane V2 - Total Score
min: 12288     avg: 17469.8     median: 16616 (33%)     max: 31282 Points

Average Benchmarks Intel Core i7-4720HQ → 100%

Average Benchmarks Intel Core i7-4810MQ → 100%

Average Benchmarks Intel Core i7-4800MQ → 103%

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* Smaller numbers mean a higher performance
1 This benchmark is not used for the average calculation

v1.8.1a
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> Notebook / Laptop Reviews and News > Benchmarks / Tech > Processor Comparison - Head 2 Head
Redaktion, 2017-09- 8 (Update: 2017-09-11)